These terms derive originally from the containers used, which held a fixed amount. There is some uncertainty about the capacity of the bath, and therefore of other liquid measures dependent upon it. Measures are given in ascending order, with their approximate imperial and metric equivalents.
Log (1/72 bath): about 1/2 pint (about 0.3 litre)
Lev 14:10This is the only mention in Scripture of the log, as a measure of oil used in the ritual for cleansing infectious skin diseases. See alsoLev 14:12-18,21-22
Eze 45:11The bath was the equivalent liquid measure of the ephah, and was used to measure oil, wine and water. See also1Ki 5:11; 1Ki 7:38; 2Ch 2:10; Ezr 7:21-22; Isa 5:10; Eze 45:14; Lk 16:6 The measure translated as “eight hundred gallons” is “one hundred batous” in the original (“batos” being the Greek form of the Hebrew “bath”); Jn 2:6 The measure translated as “twenty to thirty gallons” is “two to three metretas” in the original, a Greek measure roughly equivalent to the bath.
Dictionary of Bible Themes Scripture index copyright Martin H. Manser, 2009. As Editor, Martin Manser wishes to thank all those who compiled or edited the NIV Thematic Study Bible, on which this work is based.
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