The means of communication shared in common by groups of people. Scripture teaches that the diversity of languages in the world is a result of sin, but the outpouring of the Holy Spirit in Acts broke down the barriers of language and nationality.
Aramaic in the OT2Ki 18:26 pp Isa 36:11Aramaic is a language related to Hebrew, known from Assyrian times. Under the influence of the Persian empire Aramaic was the diplomatic language in later OT times. In Palestine, by the time of the NT, it was spoken widely, having largely displaced Hebrew as the everyday language of the Jews. See alsoEzr 4:7 The text of Ezr 4:8-6:18 and 7:12-26 is in Aramaic; Jer 10:11 The text of Jer 10:11 is in Aramaic; Da 2:4 The text of Da 2:4-7:28 is in Aramaic.
Jn 19:20Greek was the major cultural and commercial language of the eastern Mediterranean world. The NT was written in this language, ensuring the rapid spread of the gospel in this region. See alsoAc 21:37-39; Rev 9:11
Dictionary of Bible Themes Scripture index copyright Martin H. Manser, 2009. As Editor, Martin Manser wishes to thank all those who compiled or edited the NIV Thematic Study Bible, on which this work is based.
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