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Dictionary of Bible Themes – 5370 kingship, human
5370 kingship, human

5370 kingship, human

Human kings are to be respected. Israel demanded and received a king from God but the failure of kings after David led to the expectation of a coming great king in sucession to David.

Human kingship

Human kingship is to be respected as ordained by God Ro 13:1-7 See also 1Ti 2:1-2; 1Pe 2:13,17

Allegiance to God is greater than allegiance to human kings Da 2:47; Ac 5:29; Heb 11:23,27

Kingship in Israel

Israel is ruled by God and his appointed leader Jdg 8:22-23; Jdg 19:1; Jdg 21:25; 1Sa 7:15-17; 1Sa 12:12

Israel demands and receives a king from God 1Sa 8:4-9 See also Dt 17:14-20; 1Sa 8:19-22; 1Sa 10:1,17-19,24; 1Sa 11:14-15; 1Sa 12:12-15 The demand for a king is seen as a rejection of God’s rule but at the same time the king is seen as a gracious gift from God; Hos 13:10-11

David is Israel’s greatest king 1Ch 29:26-28 pp 1Ki 2:10-12 Ps 78:70-72 See also 1Sa 16:13; 2Sa 5:3-5 pp 1Ch 11:3; 2Sa 8:1-14 pp 1Ch 18:1-13; 1Ki 3:14; 1Ki 11:6,38; 2Ki 14:3; Ps 18:50

God’s covenant with David 2Sa 7:8-16 pp 1Ch 17:7-14 See also 1Ki 9:4-5 pp 2Ch 7:17-18; Ps 132:11-12

The failure of the kingship after David leads to the expectation of a future king like David

Jer 33:15 See also Isa 9:6-7; Isa 11:1-5; Isa 16:5; Jer 23:5-6; Jer 30:8-9; Eze 34:23-24; Eze 37:24-25; Am 9:11; Mic 5:2-5; Mk 11:10

Royal Psalms

These Psalms, although used for the king of the day, share the expectation of a greater future king. The NT regards them as fulfilled in Jesus Christ: Ps 2:6-9; Ps 45:1; Ps 72:1; Ps 110:1; Ps 132:11

See also

2230Messiah, coming of
5219authority, human institutions
7233Israel, northern kingdom
7236Israel, united kingdom
7245Judah, kingdom of

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