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Dictionary of Bible Themes – 5113 Peter, the disciple
5113 Peter, the disciple

5113 Peter, the disciple

The son of Jonas or John, he was called Simon until Jesus Christ gave him the name Peter meaning “rock”.

Peter’s background and family

He lived in Capernaum Mt 8:14 pp Mk 1:29 pp Lk 4:38; Jn 1:44 He originally came from Bethsaida.

He was a fisherman by trade Lk 5:10

Peter as Jesus Christ’s disciple

He was called by Jesus Christ Mt 4:18-20 pp Mk 1:16-20; Lk 5:10; Jn 1:40-42

He witnessed Jesus Christ perform many miracles Mt 8:14-15 pp Mk 1:30-31 pp Lk 4:38-39; Mt 17:24-27; Lk 5:4-8; Jn 21:2-6

He was chosen to be with Jesus Christ on certain occasions Mt 17:1-2 pp Mk 9:2 pp Lk 9:28-29 at the transfiguration of Jesus Christ; Mt 26:36-37 pp Mk 14:32-33 in the Garden of Gethsemane; Mk 5:37 pp Lk 8:51

He sometimes acted as spokesman for the other disciples He asked Jesus Christ to teach them: Mt 15:15; Mt 18:21 He confessed Jesus as Messiah and Son of God: Mt 16:15-16 pp Mk 8:29 pp Lk 9:20; Jn 6:69
Mt 17:4 pp Mk 9:5 pp Lk 9:33 He asked Jesus Christ to prolong the transfiguration experience; Mt 19:27 pp Mk 10:28 pp Lk 18:28; Mk 1:36-37; Lk 5:4-5; Jn 6:68

His impetuous nature interacted with his devotion to Jesus Christ Mt 14:28-29 He wanted to walk to Jesus Christ on the water; Mt 16:22 pp Mk 8:32 He tried to prevent Jesus Christ from going to his death; Mt 26:35 pp Mk 14:31 pp Lk 22:33 pp Jn 13:37 He vowed that he was willing to die for Jesus Christ; Jn 13:6-8; Jn 18:10

He was the subject of both special commendation and rebuke Mt 16:17-19 He was commended for his confession of faith in Jesus Christ; Mt 16:23 pp Mk 8:33 He was rebuked for his opposition to Jesus Christ’s prediction of his suffering; Mt 26:34 pp Mk 14:30 pp Lk 22:34 pp Jn 13:38 He was warned that he would disown Jesus Christ; Mt 26:40-41 pp Mk 14:37-38 He was rebuked for falling asleep in the Garden of Gethsemane; Jn 18:10-11; Jn 21:20-22

Peter’s denial of Jesus Christ and his reinstatement

He denied that he knew Jesus Christ Mt 26:69-74 pp Mk 14:66-71 pp Lk 22:54-60 pp Jn 18:15-18 pp Jn 18:25-27

He repented of his denial Mt 26:75 pp Mk 14:72 pp Lk 22:61-62

The risen Christ appeared to him on his own Lk 24:33-34; 1Co 15:4-5

He was reinstated by Jesus Christ in front of other disciples Jn 21:15-17

See also

7024church, nature of
7630Twelve, the
8712denial of Christ

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