“King of Righteousness”: king and priest of Salem, who blessed Abraham. David assumed Melchizedek’s role as king and priest of Jersualem for himself and his descendants. Jesus Christ succeeded to this role and became a high priest in the order of Melchizedek.
Abraham acknowledged Melchizedek as a priest of the LordGe 14:20,22Melchizedek here points ahead to Jesus Christ, who is also priest and king.
The status of Melchizedek
David appropriates Melchizedek’s office and authority for himself and his descendants Ps 110:1-2,4The word “order” here means “in succession to”, meaning that Christ assumes the status and function of Melchizedek.
Jesus Christ as high priest after the order of Melchizedek
Heb 5:8-10; Heb 6:19-20Only the high priest could sacrifice for the sins of the nation in the inner sanctuary behind the curtain.
The characteristics of the order of Melchizedek Heb 7:2-3Melchizedek’s order of priesthood was one of kingship, peace and righteousness; it did not depend on genealogical descent (unlike the Levitical priesthood); it is eternal, without known beginning or end. See alsoPs 110:4; Heb 5:6; Heb 6:20; Heb 7:21
The uniqueness of Jesus Christ’s high priesthood in the order of MelchizedekHeb 7:6-7Melchizedek was superior to Abraham and therefore to the Levitical priesthood descended from Abraham; Ps 110:4 The priesthood is secured by God’s oath. See alsoHeb 6:17-20; Heb 7:16,20-22,26-27; Heb 8:1-2
Dictionary of Bible Themes Scripture index copyright Martin H. Manser, 2009. As Editor, Martin Manser wishes to thank all those who compiled or edited the NIV Thematic Study Bible, on which this work is based.
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