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Dictionary of Bible Themes – 4254 mountains
4254 mountains

4254 mountains

These natural features of Palestine are often used as poetic symbols when describing God or his dealings with his people. Specific mountains are remembered because of their association with important events in the history of Israel. Some of the key events in the life and ministry of Jesus Christ take place on mountain sites.

Mountains and the character of God

Mountains and the steadfastness of God Ps 125:2 See also Ps 11:1; Ps 90:2; Isa 54:10

Mountains tremble at God’s awesome presence Jdg 5:5 The violent physical response to the presence of the holy God evokes a sense of his might and majesty. See also Ex 19:16-19; Ps 97:5; Isa 64:1; Mic 1:3-4; Hab 3:3-6

Mountains cannot stand before the anger of God Ps 18:7 See also Jer 4:23-26; Na 1:5-6; Rev 6:12-14; Rev 16:19-20

Mountains as places of encounter with God

Ex 34:1-3 See also 1Ki 19:11-13; 2Pe 1:16-18

Specific mountains as the sites of important events in Israel’s history

The mountains of Abarim: site of Israel’s camp Nu 33:47-48

Mount Ararat: resting place of Noah’s ark Ge 8:1-5

Mount Carmel: scene of Elijah’s defeat of the prophets of Baal 1Ki 18:16-40

Mount Ebal: site of cursing; Mount Gerizim: site of blessing See also Dt 11:29; Dt 27:12-13; Jos 8:30-35

Mount Gilboa: place of Saul’s suicide 1Ch 10:1-12 pp 1Sa 31:1-13 pp 2Sa 1:4-12

Mount Hermon: a boundary of Israel See also Dt 3:8; Jos 11:16-17; Ps 42:6-7; Ps 89:12

Mount Hor: place of Aaron’s death Nu 33:37-39 See also Nu 20:22-29

Mount Moriah: testing place of Abraham Ge 22:1-3

Mount Moriah: site of Solomon’s temple 2Ch 3:1

Mount Nebo: place of Moses’death Dt 32:48-52 See also Dt 34:1-5

Mount Sinai: God gives Moses the law Ex 24:12 See also Ex 31:18; Ne 9:13-14

Mount Tabor: scene of Sisera’s defeat Jdg 4:12-16

Mountains as the sites of significant events in the NT

On the Mount of Temptation the devil offers Jesus Christ the kingdoms of the world Mt 4:8-9 pp Lk 4:5-7

In the Sermon on the Mount Jesus Christ teaches about life in the kingdom of God Mt 5:1-2

On the Mount of Transfiguration Jesus Christ’s glory is revealed Mt 17:1-8 pp Mk 9:2-8 pp Lk 9:28-36

On the Mount of Olives Jesus Christ teaches about the destruction of the temple and the last things Mt 24:3 pp Mk 13:3-4

See also

1025God, anger of
1090God, majesty of
1140God, the eternal
1660Sermon on the Mount
2575Christ, temptation
2580Christ, transfiguration
4269Sinai, Mount
7374high places

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