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Dictionary of Bible Themes – 1352 covenant, the new
1352 covenant, the new

1352 covenant, the new

The fulfilment of God’s purposes of salvation expressed in the covenants of the OT, mediated by Jesus Christ and sealed in his blood. It is a covenant of grace, the benefits of which include forgiveness, a renewed relationship with God and, through the Holy Spirit, an inward transformation that enables obedience to its demands and so ensures that it will not again be broken. Jer 31:31 The “new” covenant is contrasted with the covenant made at Sinai which is sometimes referred to as the “old” or “first” covenant. See also Heb 8:8

The new covenant fulfils the OT covenants

God’s covenant with Noah Isa 54:9-10; Hos 2:18

God’s covenant with Abraham Lk 1:72-73; Ac 3:25-26; Gal 3:14-16

God’s covenant at Sinai Eze 16:60,62; Eze 20:37

God’s covenant with David Isa 55:3; Eze 34:24-26; Eze 37:25-26; Lk 1:69

Jesus Christ, the mediator of the new covenant

The new covenant fulfilled in the Messiah Mal 3:1 See also Isa 42:6; Isa 49:8

The new covenant effected through Jesus Christ’s death Heb 9:15 See also Heb 9:16-17

The new covenant sealed in Jesus Christ’s blood Lk 22:20 pp Mt 26:28 pp Mk 14:24 See also Ex 24:8 Blood was an important element in sealing the Sinaitic covenant; Jn 6:54; 1Co 10:16; 1Co 11:25; Heb 10:29

The ministry of the Holy Spirit

2Co 3:6,18 See also Isa 59:21; Eze 36:26-27; Ro 8:2-4; 2Co 3:8

The superior blessings of the new covenant

God’s grace and mercy Heb 12:24 The blood of Abel cried out to God for justice and retribution; the blood of Jesus Christ, shed to seal the new covenant, cries out for mercy and forgiveness.

A complete forgiveness Heb 8:12 See also Jer 31:34; Ro 11:27; Heb 10:17

Release from the law’s condemnation 2Co 3:9; Gal 3:13-14

An inward enabling to obey God’s laws Jer 31:32-33 The old covenant was broken because its demands were not met. Under the new covenant the requirements of obedience are not abolished, but in writing his laws on human hearts, God gives the ability to meet the covenant demands. See also Jer 32:38-40; Eze 11:19-20; 2Co 3:3; Heb 8:9-10; Heb 9:14; Heb 10:16

A new knowledge of God Heb 8:11 See also Jer 31:34; 2Co 3:15-16

A renewed relationship with God Eze 37:26-27 “peace” refers to spiritual and material well-being; real peace is possible only for those in a right relationship with God. The formula “I will be their God, and they will be my people” is associated also with the Abrahamic and especially the Sinaitic covenants. See also Jer 24:7; Jer 31:1; Eze 34:30-31; Hos 2:19-23

A superior priesthood Heb 8:6 See also Heb 7:22; Heb 9:24-25

A superior sacrifice Heb 9:14 See also Heb 9:20-23,26-28; Heb 10:4,8-14

A lasting covenant Isa 61:8; 2Co 3:11 See also Jer 50:5; Heb 8:7,13; Heb 13:20

See also

2306Christ, high priest
2315Christ as Lamb
2530Christ, death of
3230Holy Spirit & regeneration
3233Holy Spirit & sanctification
5380law and gospel
7317blood of Christ
7436sacrifice, NT fulfilment
7933Lord’s Supper

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