The accent on Rome's economic power and material luxury continues in the next section, the longest direct address from heaven to John's readers since the end of chapter 3... View the entire commentary
The First Appeal to the People of God
The first of these commands, perhaps more than any other in the entire book of Revelation, sums up the book's message: John wants his readers to make a clean break with the Roman Empire and everything it represents... View the entire commentary
The Three Laments over Babylon
The kings, merchants and seafarers of the earth mourn Babylon's demise with three variations, or stanzas, of the same song (18:10, 16-17, 19)... View the entire commentary
The Last Appeal to the People of God
The voice from heaven ends as it began, with a direct appeal to God's people: Rejoice over her, O heaven! Rejoice, saints and apostles and prophets! God has judged her for the way she treated you (v... View the entire commentary
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