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Psalm 97

The Glory of God’s Reign

The Lord is king! Let the earth rejoice;
    let the many coastlands be glad!(A)
Clouds and thick darkness are all around him;
    righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.(B)
Fire goes before him
    and consumes his adversaries on every side.(C)
His lightnings light up the world;
    the earth sees and trembles.
The mountains melt like wax before the Lord,
    before the Lord of all the earth.(D)

The heavens proclaim his righteousness,
    and all the peoples behold his glory.
All servants of images are put to shame,
    those who make their boast in worthless idols;
    all gods bow down before him.(E)
Zion hears and is glad,
    and the towns[a] of Judah rejoice
    because of your judgments, O God.(F)
For you, O Lord, are most high over all the earth;
    you are exalted far above all gods.(G)

10 You who love the Lord, hate evil;
    he guards the lives of his faithful;
    he rescues them from the hand of the wicked.(H)
11 Light dawns[b] for the righteous
    and joy for the upright in heart.(I)
12 Rejoice in the Lord, O you righteous,
    and give thanks to his holy name!

Psalm 98

Praise the Judge of the World

A Psalm.

O sing to the Lord a new song,
    for he has done marvelous things.
His right hand and his holy arm
    have gotten him victory.(J)
The Lord has made known his victory;
    he has revealed his vindication in the sight of the nations.(K)
He has remembered his steadfast love and faithfulness
    to the house of Israel.
All the ends of the earth have seen
    the victory of our God.(L)

Make a joyful noise to the Lord, all the earth;
    break forth into joyous song and sing praises.(M)
Sing praises to the Lord with the lyre,
    with the lyre and the sound of melody.
With trumpets and the sound of the horn
    make a joyful noise before the King, the Lord.(N)

Let the sea roar and all that fills it,
    the world and those who live in it.(O)
Let the floods clap their hands;
    let the hills sing together for joy(P)
at the presence of the Lord, for he is coming
    to judge the earth.
He will judge the world with righteousness
    and the peoples with equity.(Q)

Psalm 99

Praise to God for His Holiness

The Lord is king; let the peoples tremble!
    He sits enthroned upon the cherubim; let the earth quake!(R)
The Lord is great in Zion;
    he is exalted over all the peoples.(S)
Let them praise your great and awesome name.
    Holy is he!
Mighty King,[c] lover of justice,
    you have established equity;
you have executed justice
    and righteousness in Jacob.(T)
Extol the Lord our God;
    worship at his footstool.
    Holy is he!(U)

Moses and Aaron were among his priests,
    Samuel also was among those who called on his name.
    They cried to the Lord, and he answered them.(V)
He spoke to them in the pillar of cloud;
    they kept his decrees
    and the statutes that he gave them.(W)

O Lord our God, you answered them;
    you were a forgiving God to them
    but an avenger of their wrongdoings.(X)
Extol the Lord our God,
    and worship at his holy mountain,
    for the Lord our God is holy.(Y)


  1. 97.8 Heb daughters
  2. 97.11 Gk Syr Jerome: Heb is sown
  3. 99.4 Cn: Heb And a king’s strength

Personal Greetings

16 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon[a] of the church at Cenchreae,(A) so that you may welcome her in the Lord, as is fitting for the saints, and help her in whatever she may require from you, for she has been a benefactor of many and of myself as well.

Greet Prisca and Aquila, my coworkers in Christ Jesus,(B) who risked their necks for my life, to whom not only I give thanks but also all the churches of the gentiles. Greet also the church in their house. Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who was the first convert[b] in Asia for Christ.(C) Greet Mary, who has worked very hard for you. Greet Andronicus and Junia,[c] my fellow Israelites who were in prison with me; they are prominent among the apostles, and they were in Christ before I was. Greet Ampliatus, my beloved in the Lord. Greet Urbanus, our coworker in Christ, and my beloved Stachys.(D) 10 Greet Apelles, who is approved in Christ. Greet those who belong to the family of Aristobulus. 11 Greet my fellow Israelite Herodion. Greet those in the Lord who belong to the family of Narcissus. 12 Greet those workers in the Lord, Tryphaena and Tryphosa. Greet the beloved Persis, who has worked hard in the Lord. 13 Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and greet his mother—a mother to me also. 14 Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers and sisters who are with them. 15 Greet Philologus, Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them.(E) 16 Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ greet you.(F)

Final Instructions

17 I urge you, brothers and sisters, to keep an eye on those who create dissensions and hindrances, in opposition to the teaching that you have learned; avoid them.(G) 18 For such people do not serve our Lord Christ but their own appetites,[d] and by smooth talk and flattery they deceive the hearts of the simple-minded.(H) 19 For your obedience is known to all; therefore, I rejoice over you, but I want you to be wise in what is good and guileless in what is evil.(I) 20 The God of peace will shortly crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.[e](J)

21 Timothy, my coworker, greets you; so do Lucius and Jason and Sosipater, my fellow Israelites.(K)

22 I Tertius, the writer of this letter, greet you in the Lord.[f]

23 Gaius, who is host to me and to the whole church, greets you. Erastus, the city treasurer, and our brother Quartus greet you.[g](L)

Final Doxology

25 Now to God[h] who is able to strengthen you according to my gospel and the proclamation of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery that was kept secret for long ages(M) 26 but is now disclosed and through the prophetic writings is made known to all the gentiles, according to the command of the eternal God, to bring about the obedience of faith(N) 27 to the only wise God, through Jesus Christ, to whom be the glory forever! Amen.[i]


  1. 16.1 Or minister
  2. 16.5 Gk first fruits
  3. 16.7 Or Junias; other ancient authorities read Julia
  4. 16.18 Gk their own belly
  5. 16.20 Other ancient authorities lack this sentence
  6. 16.22 Or I Tertius, writing this letter in the Lord, greet you
  7. 16.23 Other ancient authorities add verse 24, The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with all of you. Amen.
  8. 16.25 Gk the one
  9. 16.27 Other ancient authorities lack 16.25–27 or include it after 14.23 or 15.33; others put 16.24 after 16.27