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Psalm 81

God’s Appeal to Stubborn Israel

To the leader: according to The Gittith. Of Asaph.

Sing aloud to God our strength;
    shout for joy to the God of Jacob.(A)
Raise a song; sound the tambourine,
    the sweet lyre with the harp.
Blow the trumpet at the new moon,
    at the full moon, on our festal day.(B)
For it is a statute for Israel,
    an ordinance of the God of Jacob.
He made it a decree in Joseph,
    when he went out over[a] the land of Egypt.

I hear a voice I had not known:(C)
“I relieved your[b] shoulder of the burden;
    your[c] hands were freed from the basket.(D)
In distress you called, and I rescued you;
    I answered you in the secret place of thunder;
    I tested you at the waters of Meribah. Selah(E)
Hear, O my people, while I admonish you;
    O Israel, if you would but listen to me!(F)
There shall be no strange god among you;
    you shall not bow down to a foreign god.(G)
10 I am the Lord your God,
    who brought you up out of the land of Egypt.
    Open your mouth wide, and I will fill it.(H)

11 “But my people did not listen to my voice;
    Israel would not submit to me.(I)
12 So I gave them over to their stubborn hearts,
    to follow their own counsels.(J)
13 O that my people would listen to me,
    that Israel would walk in my ways!(K)
14 Then I would quickly subdue their enemies
    and turn my hand against their foes.(L)
15 Those who hate the Lord would cringe before him,
    and their doom would last forever.
16 I would feed you[d] with the finest of the wheat,
    and with honey from the rock I would satisfy you.”(M)

Psalm 82

A Plea for Justice

A Psalm of Asaph.

God has taken his place in the divine council;
    in the midst of the gods he holds judgment:(N)
“How long will you judge unjustly
    and show partiality to the wicked? Selah(O)
Give justice to the weak and the orphan;
    maintain the right of the lowly and the destitute.(P)
Rescue the weak and the needy;
    deliver them from the hand of the wicked.”(Q)

They have neither knowledge nor understanding;
    they walk around in darkness;
    all the foundations of the earth are shaken.(R)

I say, “You are gods,
    children of the Most High, all of you;(S)
nevertheless, you shall die like mortals
    and fall like any prince.”[e](T)

Rise up, O God, judge the earth,
    for all the nations belong to you!(U)

Psalm 83

Prayer for Judgment on Israel’s Foes

A Song. A Psalm of Asaph.

O God, do not keep silent;
    do not hold your peace or be still, O God!(V)
Even now your enemies are in tumult;
    those who hate you have raised their heads.(W)
They lay crafty plans against your people;
    they consult together against those you protect.(X)
They say, “Come, let us wipe them out as a nation;
    let the name of Israel be remembered no more.”(Y)
They conspire with one accord;
    against you they make a covenant—(Z)
the tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites,
    Moab and the Hagrites,(AA)
Gebal and Ammon and Amalek,
    Philistia with the inhabitants of Tyre;
Assyria also has joined them;
    they are the strong arm of the children of Lot. Selah

Do to them as you did to Midian,
    as to Sisera and Jabin at the Wadi Kishon,(AB)
10 who were destroyed at En-dor,
    who became dung for the ground.
11 Make their nobles like Oreb and Zeeb,
    all their princes like Zebah and Zalmunna,(AC)
12 who said, “Let us take the pastures of God
    for our own possession.”(AD)

13 O my God, make them like whirling dust,[f]
    like chaff before the wind.(AE)
14 As fire consumes the forest,
    as the flame sets the mountains ablaze,(AF)
15 so pursue them with your tempest
    and terrify them with your hurricane.(AG)
16 Fill their faces with shame,
    so that they may seek your name, O Lord.
17 Let them be put to shame and dismayed forever;
    let them perish in disgrace.(AH)
18 Let them know that you alone,
    whose name is the Lord,
    are the Most High over all the earth.(AI)


  1. 81.5 Or against
  2. 81.6 Heb his
  3. 81.6 Heb his
  4. 81.16 Cn: Heb he would feed him
  5. 82.7 Or fall as one man, O princes
  6. 83.13 Or a tumbleweed

19 You will say, “Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in.” 20 That is true. They were broken off on account of unbelief,[a] but you stand on account of belief.[b] So do not become arrogant, but be afraid.(A) 21 For if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will he spare you.[c] 22 Note then the kindness and the severity of God: severity toward those who have fallen but God’s kindness toward you, if you continue in his kindness; otherwise you also will be cut off.(B) 23 And even those of Israel,[d] if they do not continue in unbelief,[e] will be grafted in, for God has the power to graft them in again.(C) 24 For if you have been cut from what is by nature a wild olive tree and grafted, contrary to nature, into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these natural branches be grafted back into their own olive tree.

All Israel Will Be Saved

25 I want you to understand this mystery, brothers and sisters, so that you may not claim to be wiser than you are: a hardening has come upon part of Israel until the full number of the gentiles has come in.(D) 26 And in this way all Israel will be saved, as it is written,

“Out of Zion will come the Deliverer;
    he will banish ungodliness from Jacob.”(E)
27 “And this is my covenant with them,
    when I take away their sins.”(F)

28 As regards the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but as regards election they are beloved for the sake of their ancestors, 29 for the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable. 30 Just as you were once disobedient to God but have now received mercy because of their disobedience,(G) 31 so also they have now been disobedient in order that, by the mercy shown to you, they also may now[f] receive mercy. 32 For God has imprisoned all in disobedience so that he may be merciful to all.(H)

33 O the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways!(I)

34 “For who has known the mind of the Lord?
    Or who has been his counselor?”(J)
35 “Or who has given a gift to him,
    to receive a gift in return?”

36 For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be the glory forever. Amen.(K)

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  1. 11.20 Or faithlessness or lack of trust
  2. 11.20 Or faithfulness or trust
  3. 11.21 Other ancient authorities read perhaps he will not spare you
  4. 11.23 Gk lacks of Israel
  5. 11.23 Or faithlessness or lack of trust
  6. 11.31 Other ancient authorities lack now