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Psalm 77

God’s Mighty Deeds Recalled

To the leader: according to Jeduthun. Of Asaph. A Psalm.

I cry aloud to God,
    aloud to God, that he may hear me.(A)
In the day of my trouble I seek the Lord;
    in the night my hand is stretched out without wearying;
    my soul refuses to be comforted.(B)
I think of God, and I moan;
    I meditate, and my spirit faints. Selah(C)

You keep my eyelids from closing;
    I am so troubled that I cannot speak.
I consider the days of old
    and remember the years of long ago.(D)
I commune[a] with my heart in the night;
    I meditate and search my spirit:[b](E)
“Will the Lord spurn forever
    and never again be favorable?(F)
Has his steadfast love ceased forever?
    Are his promises at an end for all time?(G)
Has God forgotten to be gracious?
    Has he in anger shut up his compassion?” Selah(H)
10 And I say, “It is my grief
    that the right hand of the Most High has changed.”(I)

11 I will call to mind the deeds of the Lord;
    I will remember your wonders of old.(J)
12 I will meditate on all your work
    and muse on your mighty deeds.
13 Your way, O God, is holy.
    What god is so great as our God?(K)
14 You are the God who works wonders;
    you have displayed your might among the peoples.
15 With your strong arm you redeemed your people,
    the descendants of Jacob and Joseph. Selah(L)

16 When the waters saw you, O God,
    when the waters saw you, they were afraid;
    the very deep trembled.(M)
17 The clouds poured out water;
    the skies thundered;
    your arrows flashed on every side.(N)
18 The crash of your thunder was in the whirlwind;
    your lightnings lit up the world;
    the earth trembled and shook.(O)
19 Your way was through the sea,
    your path through the mighty waters,
    yet your footprints were unseen.(P)
20 You led your people like a flock
    by the hand of Moses and Aaron.(Q)

Psalm 78

God’s Goodness and Israel’s Ingratitude

A Maskil of Asaph.

Give ear, O my people, to my teaching;
    incline your ears to the words of my mouth.(R)
I will open my mouth in a parable;
    I will utter dark sayings from of old,(S)
things that we have heard and known,
    that our ancestors have told us.(T)
We will not hide them from their children;
    we will tell to the coming generation
the glorious deeds of the Lord and his might
    and the wonders that he has done.(U)

He established a decree in Jacob
    and appointed a law in Israel,
which he commanded our ancestors
    to teach to their children,(V)
that the next generation might know them,
    the children yet unborn,
and rise up and tell them to their children,(W)
    so that they should set their hope in God,
and not forget the works of God,
    but keep his commandments;(X)
and that they should not be like their ancestors,
    a stubborn and rebellious generation,
a generation whose heart was not steadfast,
    whose spirit was not faithful to God.(Y)

The Ephraimites, armed with[c] the bow,
    turned back on the day of battle.(Z)
10 They did not keep God’s covenant
    and refused to walk according to his law.(AA)
11 They forgot what he had done
    and the miracles that he had shown them.(AB)
12 In the sight of their ancestors he worked marvels
    in the land of Egypt, in the fields of Zoan.(AC)
13 He divided the sea and let them pass through it
    and made the waters stand like a heap.(AD)
14 In the daytime he led them with a cloud
    and all night long with a fiery light.(AE)
15 He split rocks open in the wilderness
    and gave them drink abundantly as from the deep.(AF)
16 He made streams come out of the rock
    and caused waters to flow down like rivers.

17 Yet they sinned still more against him,
    rebelling against the Most High in the desert.(AG)
18 They tested God in their heart
    by demanding the food they craved.(AH)
19 They spoke against God, saying,
    “Can God spread a table in the wilderness?(AI)
20 Even though he struck the rock so that water gushed out
    and torrents overflowed,
can he also give bread
    or provide meat for his people?”(AJ)

21 Therefore, when the Lord heard, he was full of rage;
    a fire was kindled against Jacob,
    his anger mounted against Israel,(AK)
22 because they had no faith in God
    and did not trust his saving power.(AL)
23 Yet he commanded the skies above
    and opened the doors of heaven;(AM)
24 he rained down on them manna to eat
    and gave them the grain of heaven.(AN)
25 Mortals ate of the bread of angels;
    he sent them food in abundance.
26 He caused the east wind to blow in the heavens,
    and by his power he led out the south wind;(AO)
27 he rained flesh upon them like dust,
    winged birds like the sand of the seas;(AP)
28 he let them fall within their camp,
    all around their dwellings.
29 And they ate and were well filled,
    for he gave them what they craved.(AQ)
30 But before they had satisfied their craving,
    while the food was still in their mouths,
31 the anger of God rose against them,
    and he killed the strongest of them
    and laid low the flower of Israel.(AR)

32 In spite of all this they still sinned;
    they did not believe in his wonders.(AS)
33 So he made their days vanish like a breath
    and their years in terror.(AT)
34 When he killed them, they searched for him;
    they repented and sought God earnestly.(AU)
35 They remembered that God was their rock,
    the Most High God their redeemer.(AV)
36 But they flattered him with their mouths;
    they lied to him with their tongues.(AW)
37 Their heart was not steadfast toward him;
    they were not true to his covenant.
38 Yet he, being compassionate,
    forgave their iniquity
    and did not destroy them;
often he restrained his anger
    and did not stir up all his wrath.(AX)
39 He remembered that they were but flesh,
    a wind that passes and does not come again.(AY)
40 How often they rebelled against him in the wilderness
    and grieved him in the desert!(AZ)
41 They tested God again and again
    and provoked the Holy One of Israel.(BA)
42 They did not keep in mind his power
    or the day when he redeemed them from the foe,
43 when he displayed his signs in Egypt
    and his miracles in the fields of Zoan.
44 He turned their rivers to blood,
    so that they could not drink of their streams.(BB)
45 He sent among them swarms of flies that devoured them
    and frogs that destroyed them.(BC)
46 He gave their crops to the caterpillar
    and the fruit of their labor to the locust.
47 He destroyed their vines with hail
    and their sycamores with frost.(BD)
48 He gave over their cattle to the hail
    and their flocks to thunderbolts.(BE)
49 He let loose on them his fierce anger,
    wrath, indignation, and distress,
    a company of destroying angels.(BF)
50 He made a path for his anger;
    he did not spare them from death
    but gave their lives over to the plague.
51 He struck all the firstborn in Egypt,
    the first issue of their strength in the tents of Ham.(BG)
52 Then he led out his people like sheep
    and guided them in the wilderness like a flock.(BH)
53 He led them in safety so that they were not afraid,
    but the sea overwhelmed their enemies.(BI)
54 And he brought them to his holy hill,
    to the mountain that his right hand had won.(BJ)
55 He drove out nations before them;
    he apportioned them for a possession
    and settled the tribes of Israel in their tents.(BK)

56 Yet they tested the Most High God
    and rebelled against him.
    They did not observe his decrees(BL)
57 but turned away and were faithless like their ancestors;
    they twisted like a treacherous bow.(BM)
58 For they provoked him to anger with their high places;
    they moved him to jealousy with their idols.(BN)
59 When God heard, he was full of wrath,
    and he utterly rejected Israel.
60 He abandoned his dwelling at Shiloh,
    the tent where he dwelt among mortals,(BO)
61 and delivered his power to captivity,
    his glory to the hand of the foe.(BP)
62 He gave his people to the sword
    and vented his wrath on his heritage.(BQ)
63 Fire devoured their young men,
    and their young women had no marriage song.(BR)
64 Their priests fell by the sword,
    and their widows made no lamentation.(BS)
65 Then the Lord awoke as from sleep,
    like a warrior shouting because of wine.(BT)
66 He put his adversaries to rout;
    he put them to everlasting disgrace.(BU)

67 He rejected the tent of Joseph;
    he did not choose the tribe of Ephraim,
68 but he chose the tribe of Judah,
    Mount Zion, which he loves.(BV)
69 He built his sanctuary like the high heavens,
    like the earth, which he has founded forever.(BW)
70 He chose his servant David
    and took him from the sheepfolds;(BX)
71 from tending the nursing ewes he brought him
    to be the shepherd of his people Jacob,
    of Israel, his inheritance.(BY)
72 With upright heart he tended them
    and guided them with skillful hand.(BZ)


  1. 77.6 Gk Syr: Heb My music
  2. 77.6 Syr Jerome: Heb my spirit searches
  3. 78.9 Heb armed with shooting

10 Brothers and sisters, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. For I can testify that they have a zeal for God, but it is not based on knowledge.(A) Not knowing the righteousness of God and seeking to establish their own, they have not submitted to God’s righteousness.(B) For Christ is the culmination of the law so that there may be righteousness for everyone who believes.(C)

Salvation Is for All

Moses writes concerning the righteousness that comes from the law, that “the person who does these things will live by them.”(D) But the righteousness that comes from faith says, “Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’ ” (that is, to bring Christ down) “or ‘Who will descend into the abyss?’ ” (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead). But what does it say?

“The word is near you,
    in your mouth and in your heart”

(that is, the word of faith that we proclaim),(E) because[a] if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe[b] in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.(F) 10 For one believes[c] with the heart, leading to righteousness, and one confesses with the mouth, leading to salvation. 11 The scripture says, “No one who believes[d] in him will be put to shame.”(G) 12 For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; the same Lord is Lord of all and is generous to all who call on him.(H) 13 For “everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.”(I)

14 But how are they to call on one in whom they have not believed?[e] And how are they to believe[f] in one of whom they have never heard? And how are they to hear without someone to proclaim him? 15 And how are they to proclaim him unless they are sent? As it is written, “How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news!”(J) 16 But not all have obeyed the good news,[g] for Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed[h] our message?”(K) 17 So faith[i] comes from what is heard, and what is heard comes through the word of Christ.[j]

18 But I ask, have they not heard? Indeed they have:

“Their voice has gone out to all the earth
    and their words to the ends of the world.”(L)

19 Again I ask, did Israel not understand? First Moses says,

“I will use those who are not a nation to make you jealous;
    with a foolish nation I will provoke you.”(M)

20 Then Isaiah is so bold as to say,

“I have been found by those who did not seek me;
    I have shown myself to those who did not ask for me.”(N)

21 But of Israel he says, “All day long I have held out my hands to a disobedient and contrary people.”(O)


  1. 10.9 Or namely, that
  2. 10.9 Or trust
  3. 10.10 Or trusts
  4. 10.11 Or trusts
  5. 10.14 Or trusted
  6. 10.14 Or trust
  7. 10.16 Or gospel
  8. 10.16 Or trusted
  9. 10.17 Or trust
  10. 10.17 Or about Christ; other ancient authorities read of God