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Elihu Rebukes Job’s Friends

32 So these three men ceased to answer Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes.(A) Then Elihu son of Barachel the Buzite, of the family of Ram, became angry. He was angry at Job because he justified himself rather than God;(B) he was angry also at Job’s three friends because they had found no answer, though they had declared Job to be in the wrong.[a](C) Now Elihu had waited to speak to Job because they were older than he. But when Elihu saw that there was no answer in the mouths of these three men, he became angry.

Elihu son of Barachel the Buzite answered:

“I am young in years,
    and you are aged;
therefore I was timid and afraid
    to declare my opinion to you.(D)
I said, ‘Let days speak
    and many years teach wisdom.’
But truly it is the spirit in a mortal,
    the breath of the Almighty[b] that makes for understanding.(E)
It is not the old[c] who are wise
    nor the aged who understand what is right.(F)
10 Therefore I say, ‘Listen to me;
    let me also declare my opinion.’

11 “See, I waited for your words;
    I listened for your wise sayings
    while you searched out what to say.(G)
12 I gave you my attention,
    but there was, in fact, no one who confuted Job,
    no one among you who answered his words.
13 Yet do not say, ‘We have found wisdom;
    God may vanquish him, not a human.’(H)
14 He has not directed his words against me,
    and I will not answer him with your speeches.

15 “They are dismayed; they answer no more;
    they have not a word to say.
16 And am I to wait because they do not speak,
    because they stand there and answer no more?
17 I also will give my answer;
    I also will declare my opinion.
18 For I am full of words;
    the spirit within me constrains me.(I)
19 My belly is indeed like wine that has no vent;
    like new wineskins, it is ready to burst.(J)
20 I must speak, so that I may find relief;
    I must open my lips and answer.
21 I will not show partiality to any person
    or use flattery toward anyone.(K)
22 For I do not know how to flatter—
    or my Maker would soon put an end to me!(L)

Elihu Rebukes Job

33 “But now, hear my speech, O Job,
    and listen to all my words.
See, I open my mouth;
    the tongue in my mouth speaks.
My words declare the uprightness of my heart,
    and what my lips know they speak sincerely.(M)
The spirit of God has made me,
    and the breath of the Almighty[d] gives me life.(N)
Answer me, if you can;
    set your words in order before me; take your stand.(O)
See, before God I am as you are;
    I, too, was formed from a piece of clay.
No fear of me need terrify you;
    my pressure will not be heavy on you.(P)

“Surely, you have spoken in my hearing,
    and I have heard the sound of your words.
You say, ‘I am clean, without transgression;
    I am pure, and there is no iniquity in me.(Q)
10 Look, he finds occasions against me;
    he counts me as his enemy;(R)
11 he puts my feet in the stocks
    and watches all my paths.’(S)

12 “But in this you are not right. I will answer you:
    God is greater than any mortal.
13 Why do you contend against him,
    saying, ‘He will answer none of my[e] words’?(T)
14 For God speaks in one way
    and in two, though people do not perceive it.(U)
15 In a dream, in a vision of the night,
    when deep sleep falls on mortals,
    while they slumber on their beds,(V)
16 then he opens their ears
    and terrifies them with warnings,(W)
17 that he may turn them aside from their deeds
    and keep them from pride,
18 to spare their souls from the Pit,
    their lives from traversing the River.
19 They are also chastened with pain upon their beds
    and with continual strife in their bones,(X)
20 so that their lives loathe bread
    and their appetites dainty food.(Y)
21 Their flesh is so wasted away that it cannot be seen,
    and their bones, once invisible, now stick out.(Z)
22 Their souls draw near the Pit
    and their lives to those who bring death.(AA)
23 Then, if there should be for one of them an angel,
    a mediator, one of a thousand,
    one who declares a person upright,(AB)
24 and he is gracious to that person and says,
    ‘Deliver him from going down into the Pit;
    I have found a ransom;(AC)
25 let his flesh become fresh with youth;
    let him return to the days of his youthful vigor,’(AD)
26 then he prays to God and is accepted by him;
    he comes into his presence with joy,
and God[f] repays him for his righteousness.(AE)
27     That person sings to others and says,
‘I sinned and perverted what was right,
    and it was not paid back to me.(AF)
28 He has redeemed my soul from going down to the Pit,
    and my life shall see the light.’(AG)

29 “God indeed does all these things,
    twice, three times, with mortals,(AH)
30 to bring back their souls from the Pit,
    so that they may see the light of life.[g](AI)
31 Pay heed, Job, listen to me;
    be silent, and I will speak.
32 If you have anything to say, answer me;
    speak, for I desire to justify you.
33 If not, listen to me;
    be silent, and I will teach you wisdom.”(AJ)


  1. 32.3 Or answer, and had put God in the wrong
  2. 32.8 Traditional rendering of Heb Shaddai
  3. 32.9 Gk Syr Vg: Heb many
  4. 33.4 Traditional rendering of Heb Shaddai
  5. 33.13 Compare Gk: Heb his
  6. 33.26 Heb he
  7. 33.30 Syr: Heb to be lighted with the light of life

Paul and Barnabas in Iconium

14 The same thing occurred in Iconium, where Paul[a] and Barnabas[b] went into the Jewish synagogue and spoke in such a way that a great number of both Jews and Greeks became believers. But the unbelieving Jews stirred up the gentiles and poisoned their minds against the brothers. So they remained for a long time speaking boldly for the Lord, who testified to the word of his grace by granting signs and wonders to be done through them.(A) But the residents of the city were divided: some sided with the Jews, and some with the apostles.(B) And when an attempt was made by both gentiles and Jews, with their rulers, to mistreat them and to stone them,(C) the apostles[c] learned of it and fled to Lystra and Derbe, cities of Lycaonia, and to the surrounding region,(D) and there they continued proclaiming the good news.

Paul and Barnabas in Lystra and Derbe

In Lystra there was a man sitting who could not use his feet and had never walked, for he had been lame from birth.(E) He listened to Paul as he was speaking. And Paul, looking at him intently and seeing that he had faith to be healed,(F) 10 said in a loud voice, “Stand upright on your feet.” And the man[d] sprang up and began to walk. 11 When the crowds saw what Paul had done, they shouted in the Lycaonian language, “The gods have come down to us in human form!”(G) 12 Barnabas they called Zeus, and Paul they called Hermes, because he was the chief speaker. 13 The priest of Zeus, whose temple was just outside the city,[e] brought oxen and garlands to the gates; he and the crowds wanted to offer sacrifice. 14 When the apostles Barnabas and Paul heard of it, they tore their clothes and rushed out into the crowd, shouting, 15 “People,[f] why are you doing this? We are mortals just like you, and we bring you good news, that you should turn from these worthless things to the living God, who made the heaven and the earth and the sea and all that is in them.(H) 16 In past generations he allowed all peoples to follow their own ways,(I) 17 yet he has not left himself without a witness in doing good, giving you rains from heaven and fruitful seasons and filling you with food and your hearts with joy.”(J) 18 Even with these words, they scarcely restrained the crowds from offering sacrifice to them.

19 But Jews came there from Antioch and Iconium and won over the crowds. Then they stoned Paul and dragged him out of the city, supposing that he was dead.(K) 20 But when the disciples surrounded him, he got up and went into the city. The next day he went on with Barnabas to Derbe.(L)

The Return to Antioch in Syria

21 After they had proclaimed the good news to that city and had made many disciples, they returned to Lystra, then on to Iconium and Antioch. 22 There they strengthened the souls of the disciples and encouraged them to continue in the faith, saying, “It is through many persecutions that we must enter the kingdom of God.”(M) 23 And after they had appointed elders for them in each church, with prayer and fasting they entrusted them to the Lord in whom they had come to believe.(N)

24 Then they passed through Pisidia and came to Pamphylia. 25 When they had spoken the word in Perga, they went down to Attalia. 26 From there they sailed back to Antioch, where they had been commended to the grace of God for the work[g] that they had completed.(O) 27 When they arrived, they called the church together and related all that God had done with them and how he had opened a door of faith for the gentiles. 28 And they stayed there with the disciples for some time.


  1. 14.1 Or In Iconium, as usual, Paul
  2. 14.1 Gk they
  3. 14.6 Gk they
  4. 14.10 Gk he
  5. 14.13 Or The priest of Zeus-Outside-the-City
  6. 14.15 Gk Men
  7. 14.26 Or committed in the grace of God to the work