The word of the Lord that came to Micah of Moresheth(A) during the reigns of Jotham,(B) Ahaz(C) and Hezekiah,(D) kings of Judah(E)—the vision(F) he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem.

Hear,(G) you peoples, all of you,(H)
    listen, earth(I) and all who live in it,
that the Sovereign Lord may bear witness(J) against you,
    the Lord from his holy temple.(K)

Judgment Against Samaria and Jerusalem

Look! The Lord is coming from his dwelling(L) place;
    he comes down(M) and treads on the heights of the earth.(N)
The mountains melt(O) beneath him(P)
    and the valleys split apart,(Q)
like wax before the fire,
    like water rushing down a slope.
All this is because of Jacob’s transgression,
    because of the sins of the people of Israel.
What is Jacob’s transgression?
    Is it not Samaria?(R)
What is Judah’s high place?
    Is it not Jerusalem?

“Therefore I will make Samaria a heap of rubble,
    a place for planting vineyards.(S)
I will pour her stones(T) into the valley
    and lay bare her foundations.(U)
All her idols(V) will be broken to pieces;(W)
    all her temple gifts will be burned with fire;
    I will destroy all her images.(X)
Since she gathered her gifts from the wages of prostitutes,(Y)
    as the wages of prostitutes they will again be used.”

Weeping and Mourning

Because of this I will weep(Z) and wail;
    I will go about barefoot(AA) and naked.
I will howl like a jackal
    and moan like an owl.
For Samaria’s plague(AB) is incurable;(AC)
    it has spread to Judah.(AD)
It has reached the very gate(AE) of my people,
    even to Jerusalem itself.
10 Tell it not in Gath[a];
    weep not at all.
In Beth Ophrah[b]
    roll in the dust.
11 Pass by naked(AF) and in shame,
    you who live in Shaphir.[c]
Those who live in Zaanan[d]
    will not come out.
Beth Ezel is in mourning;
    it no longer protects you.
12 Those who live in Maroth[e] writhe in pain,
    waiting for relief,(AG)
because disaster(AH) has come from the Lord,
    even to the gate of Jerusalem.
13 You who live in Lachish,(AI)
    harness fast horses to the chariot.
You are where the sin of Daughter Zion(AJ) began,
    for the transgressions of Israel were found in you.
14 Therefore you will give parting gifts(AK)
    to Moresheth(AL) Gath.
The town of Akzib[f](AM) will prove deceptive(AN)
    to the kings of Israel.
15 I will bring a conqueror against you
    who live in Mareshah.[g](AO)
The nobles of Israel
    will flee to Adullam.(AP)
16 Shave(AQ) your head in mourning
    for the children in whom you delight;
make yourself as bald as the vulture,
    for they will go from you into exile.(AR)

Human Plans and God’s Plans

Woe to those who plan iniquity,
    to those who plot evil(AS) on their beds!(AT)
At morning’s light they carry it out
    because it is in their power to do it.
They covet fields(AU) and seize them,(AV)
    and houses, and take them.
They defraud(AW) people of their homes,
    they rob them of their inheritance.(AX)

Therefore, the Lord says:

“I am planning disaster(AY) against this people,
    from which you cannot save yourselves.
You will no longer walk proudly,(AZ)
    for it will be a time of calamity.
In that day people will ridicule you;
    they will taunt you with this mournful song:
‘We are utterly ruined;(BA)
    my people’s possession is divided up.(BB)
He takes it from me!
    He assigns our fields to traitors.’”

Therefore you will have no one in the assembly of the Lord
    to divide the land(BC) by lot.(BD)

False Prophets

“Do not prophesy,” their prophets say.
    “Do not prophesy about these things;
    disgrace(BE) will not overtake us.(BF)
You descendants of Jacob, should it be said,
    “Does the Lord become[h] impatient?
    Does he do such things?”

“Do not my words do good(BG)
    to the one whose ways are upright?(BH)
Lately my people have risen up
    like an enemy.
You strip off the rich robe
    from those who pass by without a care,
    like men returning from battle.
You drive the women of my people
    from their pleasant homes.(BI)
You take away my blessing
    from their children forever.
10 Get up, go away!
    For this is not your resting place,(BJ)
because it is defiled,(BK)
    it is ruined, beyond all remedy.
11 If a liar and deceiver(BL) comes and says,
    ‘I will prophesy for you plenty of wine and beer,’(BM)
    that would be just the prophet for this people!(BN)

Deliverance Promised

12 “I will surely gather all of you, Jacob;
    I will surely bring together the remnant(BO) of Israel.
I will bring them together like sheep in a pen,
    like a flock in its pasture;
    the place will throng with people.(BP)
13 The One who breaks open the way will go up before(BQ) them;
    they will break through the gate(BR) and go out.
Their King will pass through before them,
    the Lord at their head.”

Leaders and Prophets Rebuked

Then I said,

“Listen, you leaders(BS) of Jacob,
    you rulers of Israel.
Should you not embrace justice,
    you who hate good and love evil;
who tear the skin from my people
    and the flesh from their bones;(BT)
who eat my people’s flesh,(BU)
    strip off their skin
    and break their bones in pieces;(BV)
who chop(BW) them up like meat for the pan,
    like flesh for the pot?(BX)

Then they will cry out to the Lord,
    but he will not answer them.(BY)
At that time he will hide his face(BZ) from them
    because of the evil they have done.(CA)

This is what the Lord says:

“As for the prophets
    who lead my people astray,(CB)
they proclaim ‘peace’(CC)
    if they have something to eat,
but prepare to wage war against anyone
    who refuses to feed them.
Therefore night will come over you, without visions,
    and darkness, without divination.(CD)
The sun will set for the prophets,(CE)
    and the day will go dark for them.(CF)
The seers will be ashamed(CG)
    and the diviners disgraced.(CH)
They will all cover(CI) their faces(CJ)
    because there is no answer from God.(CK)
But as for me, I am filled with power,
    with the Spirit of the Lord,
    and with justice and might,
to declare to Jacob his transgression,
    to Israel his sin.(CL)

Hear this, you leaders of Jacob,
    you rulers of Israel,
who despise justice
    and distort all that is right;(CM)
10 who build(CN) Zion with bloodshed,(CO)
    and Jerusalem with wickedness.(CP)
11 Her leaders judge for a bribe,(CQ)
    her priests teach for a price,(CR)
    and her prophets tell fortunes for money.(CS)
Yet they look(CT) for the Lord’s support and say,
    “Is not the Lord among us?
    No disaster will come upon us.”(CU)
12 Therefore because of you,
    Zion will be plowed like a field,
Jerusalem will become a heap of rubble,(CV)
    the temple(CW) hill a mound overgrown with thickets.(CX)

The Mountain of the Lord(CY)

In the last days

the mountain(CZ) of the Lord’s temple will be established
    as the highest of the mountains;
it will be exalted above the hills,(DA)
    and peoples will stream to it.(DB)

Many nations will come and say,

“Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord,(DC)
    to the temple of the God of Jacob.(DD)
He will teach us(DE) his ways,(DF)
    so that we may walk in his paths.”
The law(DG) will go out from Zion,
    the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.
He will judge between many peoples
    and will settle disputes for strong nations far and wide.(DH)
They will beat their swords into plowshares
    and their spears into pruning hooks.(DI)
Nation will not take up sword against nation,
    nor will they train for war(DJ) anymore.(DK)
Everyone will sit under their own vine
    and under their own fig tree,(DL)
and no one will make them afraid,(DM)
    for the Lord Almighty has spoken.(DN)
All the nations may walk
    in the name of their gods,(DO)
but we will walk in the name of the Lord
    our God for ever and ever.(DP)

The Lord’s Plan

“In that day,” declares the Lord,

“I will gather the lame;(DQ)
    I will assemble the exiles(DR)
    and those I have brought to grief.(DS)
I will make the lame my remnant,(DT)
    those driven away a strong nation.(DU)
The Lord will rule over them in Mount Zion(DV)
    from that day and forever.(DW)
As for you, watchtower of the flock,
    stronghold[i] of Daughter Zion,
the former dominion will be restored(DX) to you;
    kingship will come to Daughter Jerusalem.(DY)

Why do you now cry aloud—
    have you no king[j](DZ)?
Has your ruler[k] perished,
    that pain seizes you like that of a woman in labor?(EA)
10 Writhe in agony, Daughter Zion,
    like a woman in labor,
for now you must leave the city
    to camp in the open field.
You will go to Babylon;(EB)
    there you will be rescued.
There the Lord will redeem(EC) you
    out of the hand of your enemies.

11 But now many nations
    are gathered against you.
They say, “Let her be defiled,
    let our eyes gloat(ED) over Zion!”
12 But they do not know
    the thoughts of the Lord;
they do not understand his plan,(EE)
    that he has gathered them like sheaves to the threshing floor.
13 “Rise and thresh,(EF) Daughter Zion,
    for I will give you horns of iron;
I will give you hooves of bronze,
    and you will break to pieces many nations.”(EG)
You will devote their ill-gotten gains to the Lord,(EH)
    their wealth to the Lord of all the earth.

A Promised Ruler From Bethlehem

[l]Marshal your troops now, city of troops,
    for a siege is laid against us.
They will strike Israel’s ruler
    on the cheek(EI) with a rod.

“But you, Bethlehem(EJ) Ephrathah,(EK)
    though you are small among the clans[m] of Judah,
out of you will come for me
    one who will be ruler(EL) over Israel,
whose origins are from of old,(EM)
    from ancient times.”(EN)

Therefore Israel will be abandoned(EO)
    until the time when she who is in labor bears a son,
and the rest of his brothers return
    to join the Israelites.

He will stand and shepherd his flock(EP)
    in the strength of the Lord,
    in the majesty of the name of the Lord his God.
And they will live securely, for then his greatness(EQ)
    will reach to the ends of the earth.

And he will be our peace(ER)
    when the Assyrians invade(ES) our land
    and march through our fortresses.
We will raise against them seven shepherds,
    even eight commanders,(ET)
who will rule[n] the land of Assyria with the sword,
    the land of Nimrod(EU) with drawn sword.[o](EV)
He will deliver us from the Assyrians
    when they invade our land
    and march across our borders.(EW)

The remnant(EX) of Jacob will be
    in the midst of many peoples
like dew(EY) from the Lord,
    like showers on the grass,(EZ)
which do not wait for anyone
    or depend on man.
The remnant of Jacob will be among the nations,
    in the midst of many peoples,
like a lion among the beasts of the forest,(FA)
    like a young lion among flocks of sheep,
which mauls and mangles(FB) as it goes,
    and no one can rescue.(FC)
Your hand will be lifted up(FD) in triumph over your enemies,
    and all your foes will be destroyed.

10 “In that day,” declares the Lord,

“I will destroy your horses from among you
    and demolish your chariots.(FE)
11 I will destroy the cities(FF) of your land
    and tear down all your strongholds.(FG)
12 I will destroy your witchcraft
    and you will no longer cast spells.(FH)
13 I will destroy your idols(FI)
    and your sacred stones from among you;(FJ)
you will no longer bow down
    to the work of your hands.(FK)
14 I will uproot from among you your Asherah poles[p](FL)
    when I demolish your cities.
15 I will take vengeance(FM) in anger and wrath
    on the nations that have not obeyed me.”

The Lord’s Case Against Israel

Listen to what the Lord says:

“Stand up, plead my case before the mountains;(FN)
    let the hills hear what you have to say.

“Hear,(FO) you mountains, the Lord’s accusation;(FP)
    listen, you everlasting foundations of the earth.
For the Lord has a case(FQ) against his people;
    he is lodging a charge(FR) against Israel.

“My people, what have I done to you?
    How have I burdened(FS) you?(FT) Answer me.
I brought you up out of Egypt(FU)
    and redeemed you from the land of slavery.(FV)
I sent Moses(FW) to lead you,
    also Aaron(FX) and Miriam.(FY)
My people, remember
    what Balak(FZ) king of Moab plotted
    and what Balaam son of Beor answered.
Remember your journey from Shittim(GA) to Gilgal,(GB)
    that you may know the righteous acts(GC) of the Lord.”

With what shall I come before(GD) the Lord
    and bow down before the exalted God?
Shall I come before him with burnt offerings,
    with calves a year old?(GE)
Will the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams,(GF)
    with ten thousand rivers of olive oil?(GG)
Shall I offer my firstborn(GH) for my transgression,
    the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?(GI)
He has shown you, O mortal, what is good.
    And what does the Lord require of you?
To act justly(GJ) and to love mercy
    and to walk humbly[q](GK) with your God.(GL)

Israel’s Guilt and Punishment

Listen! The Lord is calling to the city—
    and to fear your name is wisdom—
    “Heed the rod(GM) and the One who appointed it.[r]
10 Am I still to forget your ill-gotten treasures, you wicked house,
    and the short ephah,[s] which is accursed?(GN)
11 Shall I acquit someone with dishonest scales,(GO)
    with a bag of false weights?(GP)
12 Your rich people are violent;(GQ)
    your inhabitants are liars(GR)
    and their tongues speak deceitfully.(GS)
13 Therefore, I have begun to destroy(GT) you,
    to ruin[t] you because of your sins.
14 You will eat but not be satisfied;(GU)
    your stomach will still be empty.[u]
You will store up but save nothing,(GV)
    because what you save[v] I will give to the sword.
15 You will plant but not harvest;(GW)
    you will press olives but not use the oil,
    you will crush grapes but not drink the wine.(GX)
16 You have observed the statutes of Omri(GY)
    and all the practices of Ahab’s(GZ) house;
    you have followed their traditions.(HA)
Therefore I will give you over to ruin(HB)
    and your people to derision;
    you will bear the scorn(HC) of the nations.[w]

Israel’s Misery

What misery is mine!
I am like one who gathers summer fruit
    at the gleaning of the vineyard;
there is no cluster of grapes to eat,
    none of the early figs(HD) that I crave.
The faithful have been swept from the land;(HE)
    not one(HF) upright person remains.
Everyone lies in wait(HG) to shed blood;(HH)
    they hunt each other(HI) with nets.(HJ)
Both hands are skilled in doing evil;(HK)
    the ruler demands gifts,
the judge accepts bribes,(HL)
    the powerful dictate what they desire—
    they all conspire together.
The best of them is like a brier,(HM)
    the most upright worse than a thorn(HN) hedge.
The day God visits you has come,
    the day your watchmen sound the alarm.
    Now is the time of your confusion.(HO)
Do not trust a neighbor;
    put no confidence in a friend.(HP)
Even with the woman who lies in your embrace
    guard the words of your lips.
For a son dishonors his father,
    a daughter rises up against her mother,(HQ)
a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law—
    a man’s enemies are the members of his own household.(HR)

But as for me, I watch(HS) in hope(HT) for the Lord,
    I wait for God my Savior;
    my God will hear(HU) me.

Israel Will Rise

Do not gloat over me,(HV) my enemy!
    Though I have fallen, I will rise.(HW)
Though I sit in darkness,
    the Lord will be my light.(HX)
Because I have sinned against him,
    I will bear the Lord’s wrath,(HY)
until he pleads my case(HZ)
    and upholds my cause.
He will bring me out into the light;(IA)
    I will see his righteousness.(IB)
10 Then my enemy will see it
    and will be covered with shame,(IC)
she who said to me,
    “Where is the Lord your God?”(ID)
My eyes will see her downfall;(IE)
    even now she will be trampled(IF) underfoot
    like mire in the streets.

11 The day for building your walls(IG) will come,
    the day for extending your boundaries.
12 In that day people will come to you
    from Assyria(IH) and the cities of Egypt,
even from Egypt to the Euphrates
    and from sea to sea
    and from mountain to mountain.(II)
13 The earth will become desolate because of its inhabitants,
    as the result of their deeds.(IJ)

Prayer and Praise

14 Shepherd(IK) your people with your staff,(IL)
    the flock of your inheritance,
which lives by itself in a forest,
    in fertile pasturelands.[x](IM)
Let them feed in Bashan(IN) and Gilead(IO)
    as in days long ago.(IP)

15 “As in the days when you came out of Egypt,
    I will show them my wonders.(IQ)

16 Nations will see and be ashamed,(IR)
    deprived of all their power.
They will put their hands over their mouths(IS)
    and their ears will become deaf.
17 They will lick dust(IT) like a snake,
    like creatures that crawl on the ground.
They will come trembling(IU) out of their dens;
    they will turn in fear(IV) to the Lord our God
    and will be afraid of you.
18 Who is a God(IW) like you,
    who pardons sin(IX) and forgives(IY) the transgression
    of the remnant(IZ) of his inheritance?(JA)
You do not stay angry(JB) forever
    but delight to show mercy.(JC)
19 You will again have compassion on us;
    you will tread our sins underfoot
    and hurl all our iniquities(JD) into the depths of the sea.(JE)
20 You will be faithful to Jacob,
    and show love to Abraham,(JF)
as you pledged on oath to our ancestors(JG)
    in days long ago.(JH)


  1. Micah 1:10 Gath sounds like the Hebrew for tell.
  2. Micah 1:10 Beth Ophrah means house of dust.
  3. Micah 1:11 Shaphir means pleasant.
  4. Micah 1:11 Zaanan sounds like the Hebrew for come out.
  5. Micah 1:12 Maroth sounds like the Hebrew for bitter.
  6. Micah 1:14 Akzib means deception.
  7. Micah 1:15 Mareshah sounds like the Hebrew for conqueror.
  8. Micah 2:7 Or Is the Spirit of the Lord
  9. Micah 4:8 Or hill
  10. Micah 4:9 Or King
  11. Micah 4:9 Or Ruler
  12. Micah 5:1 In Hebrew texts 5:1 is numbered 4:14, and 5:2-15 is numbered 5:1-14.
  13. Micah 5:2 Or rulers
  14. Micah 5:6 Or crush
  15. Micah 5:6 Or Nimrod in its gates
  16. Micah 5:14 That is, wooden symbols of the goddess Asherah
  17. Micah 6:8 Or prudently
  18. Micah 6:9 The meaning of the Hebrew for this line is uncertain.
  19. Micah 6:10 An ephah was a dry measure.
  20. Micah 6:13 Or Therefore, I will make you ill and destroy you; / I will ruin
  21. Micah 6:14 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
  22. Micah 6:14 Or You will press toward birth but not give birth, / and what you bring to birth
  23. Micah 6:16 Septuagint; Hebrew scorn due my people
  24. Micah 7:14 Or in the middle of Carmel

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