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Regular Daily Sacrifices

28 The Lord told Moses to say to the people of Israel:

Offer sacrifices to me at the appointed times of worship, so that I will smell the smoke and be pleased.

Each day offer two rams a year old as sacrifices to please me.[a] The animals must have nothing wrong with them; one will be sacrificed in the morning, and the other in the evening. Along with each of them, two pounds of your finest flour mixed with a quart of olive oil must be offered as a grain sacrifice. This sacrifice to please me was first offered on Mount Sinai. Finally, along with each of these two sacrifices, a quart of wine must be poured on the altar as a drink offering. The second ram will be sacrificed that evening, along with the other offerings, just like the one sacrificed that morning. The smell of the smoke from these sacrifices will please me.

The Sacrifice on the Sabbath

The Lord said:

9-10 On the Sabbath, in addition to the regular daily sacrifices,[b] you must sacrifice two rams a year old to please me.[c] These rams must have nothing wrong with them, and they will be sacrificed with a drink offering and four pounds of your finest flour mixed with olive oil.

The Sacrifices on the First Day of the Month

The Lord said:

11 On the first day of each month, bring to the altar two bulls, one full-grown ram, and seven rams a year old that have nothing wrong with them. Then offer these as sacrifices to please me.[d] 12 Six pounds of your finest flour mixed with olive oil must be offered with each bull as a grain sacrifice. Four pounds of flour mixed with oil must be offered with the ram, 13 and two pounds of flour mixed with oil must be offered with each of the young rams. The smell of the smoke from these sacrifices will please me.

14-15 Offer two quarts of wine as a drink offering with each bull, one and a half quarts with the ram, and one quart with each of the young rams.

Finally, you must offer a goat[e] as a sacrifice for sin.

These sacrifices are to be offered on the first day of each month, in addition to the regular daily sacrifices.[f]

The Sacrifices during Passover and the Festival of Thin Bread

The Lord said:

16 Celebrate Passover in honor of me on the fourteenth day of the first month[g] of each year. 17 The following day will begin the Festival of Thin Bread, which will last for a week. During this time you must honor me by eating bread made without yeast.

18 On the first day of this festival, you must rest from your work and come together for worship. 19 Bring to the altar two bulls, one full-grown ram, and seven rams a year old that have nothing wrong with them. And then offer these as sacrifices to please me.[h] 20 Six pounds of your finest flour mixed with olive oil must be offered with each bull as a grain sacrifice. Four pounds of flour mixed with oil must be offered with the ram, 21 and two pounds of flour mixed with oil must be offered with each of the young rams. 22 Also offer a goat[i] as a sacrifice for the sins of the people. 23-24 All of these are to be offered in addition to the regular daily sacrifices,[j] and the smoke from them will please me. 25 Then on the last day of the festival, you must once again rest from work and come together for worship.

The Sacrifices during the Harvest Festival

The Lord said:

26 On the first day of the Harvest Festival, you must rest from your work, come together for worship, and bring a sacrifice of new grain. 27 Offer two young bulls, one full-grown ram, and seven rams a year old as sacrifices to please me.[k] 28 Six pounds of your finest flour mixed with olive oil must be offered with each bull as a grain sacrifice. Four pounds of flour mixed with oil must be offered with the ram, 29 and two pounds of flour mixed with oil must be offered with each of the young rams. 30 Also offer a goat[l] as a sacrifice for sin. 31 The animals must have nothing wrong with them and are to be sacrificed along with the regular daily sacrifices.[m]

The Sacrifices at the Festival of Trumpets

The Lord said:

29 On the first day of the seventh month,[n] you must rest from your work and come together to celebrate at the sound of the trumpets. Bring to the altar one bull, one full-grown ram, and seven rams a year old that have nothing wrong with them. And then offer these as sacrifices to please me.[o] Six pounds of your finest flour mixed with olive oil must be offered with the bull as a grain sacrifice. Four pounds of flour mixed with oil must be offered with the ram, and two pounds of flour mixed with oil must be offered with each of the young rams. You must also offer a goat[p] as a sacrifice for sin. These sacrifices will be made in addition to the regular daily sacrifices[q] and the sacrifices for the first day of the month.[r] The smoke from these sacrifices will please me.

The Sacrifices on the Great Day of Forgiveness

The Lord said:

The tenth day of the seventh month[s] is the Great Day of Forgiveness.[t] On that day you must rest from all work and come together for worship. Show sorrow for your sins by going without food, and bring to the altar one young bull, one full-grown ram, and seven rams a year old that have nothing wrong with them. Then offer these as sacrifices to please me.[u] Six pounds of your finest flour mixed with olive oil must be offered with the bull as a grain sacrifice. Four pounds of flour mixed with oil must be offered with the ram, 10 and two pounds of flour mixed with oil must be offered with each of the young rams. 11 A goat[v] must also be sacrificed for the sins of the people. You will offer these sacrifices in addition to the sacrifice to ask forgiveness and the regular daily sacrifices.[w]

The Sacrifices during the Festival of Shelters

The Lord said:

12 Beginning on the fifteenth day of the seventh month[x] and continuing for seven days, everyone must celebrate the Festival of Shelters in honor of me.

13 On the first day, you must rest from your work and come together for worship. Bring to the altar thirteen bulls, two full-grown rams, and fourteen rams a year old that have nothing wrong with them. Then offer these as sacrifices to please me.[y] 14 Six pounds of your finest flour mixed with olive oil must be offered with each bull as a grain sacrifice. Four pounds of flour mixed with oil must be offered with each of the rams, 15 and two pounds of flour mixed with oil must be offered with each of the young rams. 16 You must also offer a goat[z] as a sacrifice for sin. These are to be offered in addition to the regular daily sacrifices.[aa]

17-34 For the next six days of the festival, you will sacrifice one less bull than the day before, so that on the seventh day, seven bulls will be sacrificed. The other sacrifices and offerings must remain the same for each of these days.

35 On the eighth day, you must once again rest from your work and come together for worship. 36 Bring to the altar one bull, one full-grown ram, and seven rams a year old that have nothing wrong with them. Then offer these as sacrifices to please me. 37 You must also offer the proper grain sacrifices and drink offerings of wine with each animal. 38 And offer a goat[ab] as the sacrifice to ask forgiveness for the people. These sacrifices are made in addition to the regular daily sacrifices.[ac]

39 You must offer all these sacrifices to me at the appointed times of worship, together with any offerings that are voluntarily given or given because of a promise.

40 Moses told the people of Israel everything the Lord had told him about the sacrifices.

Making Promises to the Lord

30 The Lord told Moses to say to Israel’s tribal leaders:

When one of you men makes a promise to the Lord,[ad] you must keep your word.

Suppose a young woman who is still living with her parents makes a promise to the Lord. If her father hears about it and says nothing, she must keep her promise. But if he hears about it and objects, then she no longer has to keep her promise. The Lord will forgive her, because her father did not agree with the promise.

6-7 Suppose a woman makes a promise to the Lord and then gets married. If her husband later hears about the promise but says nothing, she must do what she said, whether she meant it or not. But if her husband hears about the promise and objects, she no longer has to keep it, and the Lord will forgive her.

Widows and divorced women must keep every promise they make to the Lord.

10 Suppose a married woman makes a promise to the Lord. 11 If her husband hears about the promise and says nothing, she must do what she said. 12 But if he hears about the promise and does object, she no longer has to keep it. The Lord will forgive her, because her husband would not allow her to keep the promise. 13 Her husband has the final say about any promises she makes to the Lord. 14 If her husband hears about a promise and says nothing about it for a whole day, she must do what she said—since he did not object, the promise must be kept. 15 But if he waits until the next day to stop her from keeping her promise, he is the one who must be punished.

16 These are the laws that the Lord gave Moses about husbands and wives, and about young daughters who still live at home.

Footnotes

  1. 28.3 sacrifices to please me: See the note at 6.11.
  2. 28.9,10 regular daily sacrifices: See 28.1-8.
  3. 28.9,10,11 sacrifice. . . to please me: See the note at 6.11.
  4. 28.9,10,11 sacrifice. . . to please me: See the note at 6.11.
  5. 28.14,15 goat: See the note at 7.12-83.
  6. 28.14,15 regular daily sacrifices: See 28.1-8.
  7. 28.16 first month: See the note at 9.3.
  8. 28.19 sacrifices to please me: See the note at 6.11.
  9. 28.22 goat: See the note at 7.12-83.
  10. 28.23,24 regular daily sacrifices: See 28.1-8.
  11. 28.27 sacrifices to please me: See the note at 6.11.
  12. 28.30 goat: See the note at 7.12-83.
  13. 28.31 regular daily sacrifices: See 28.1-8.
  14. 29.1 seventh month: Tishri (also called Ethanim), the seventh month of the Hebrew calendar, from about mid-September to mid-October.
  15. 29.2 sacrifices to please me: See the note at 6.11.
  16. 29.5 goat: See the note at 7.12-83.
  17. 29.6 regular daily sacrifices: See 28.1-8.
  18. 29.6 sacrifices. . . month: See 28.11-15.
  19. 29.7 seventh month: See the note at 29.1.
  20. 29.7 Great Day of Forgiveness: Traditionally known as the Day of Atonement.
  21. 29.8 sacrifices to please me: See the note at 6.11.
  22. 29.11 goat: See the note at 7.12-83.
  23. 29.11 regular daily sacrifices: See 28.1-8.
  24. 29.12 seventh month: See the note at 29.1.
  25. 29.13 sacrifices to please me: See the note at 6.11.
  26. 29.16 goat: See the note at 7.12-83.
  27. 29.16 regular daily sacrifices: See 28.1-8.
  28. 29.38 goat: See the note at 7.12-83.
  29. 29.38 regular daily sacrifices: See 28.1-8.
  30. 30.2 a promise to the Lord: Either the promise of a gift or the promise to do something.

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