49 The Lord has this to say about the nation of Ammon:
The people of Israel have plenty of children to inherit their lands. So why have you worshipers of the god Milcom[a] taken over towns and land belonging to the Gad tribe? 2 Someday I will send an army to attack you in Rabbah, your capital city. It will be left in ruins, and the surrounding villages will lie in ashes. You took some of Israel’s land, but on that day Israel will take yours!
3 Cry, people of Heshbon;[b] your town will become a pile of rubble.[c] You will turn here and there, but your path will be blocked.[d]
Put on sackcloth[e] and mourn, you citizens of Rabbah, because the idol you worship[f] will be taken to a foreign country, along with its priests and temple officials. 4 You rebellious Ammonites trust your wealth and ask, “Who could attack us?” But I warn you not to boast when your strength is fading.[g] 5 I, the Lord All-Powerful, will send neighboring nations to strike you with terror. You will be scattered, with no one to care for your refugees. 6 Yet someday, I will bring your people back home. I, the Lord, have spoken.
What the Lord Says about Edom
7-8 The Lord All-Powerful says about Edom:
Wisdom and common sense have vanished from Teman.[h] I will send disaster to punish you descendants of Esau,[i] so anyone from Dedan[j] had better turn around and run back home.[k] 9 People who harvest grapes leave some for the poor. Thieves who break in at night take only what they want. 10 But I will take everything that belongs to you, people of Edom, and I will uncover every place where you try to hide. Then you will die, and so will your children, relatives, and neighbors. 11 But I can be trusted to care for your orphans and widows.
12 Even those nations that don’t deserve to be punished will have to drink from the cup of my anger. So how can you possibly hope to escape? 13 I, the Lord, swear in my own name that your city of Bozrah[l] and all your towns will suffer a horrible fate. They will lie in ruins forever, and people will use the name “Bozrah” as a curse word.
14 I have sent a messenger to command the nations to prepare for war against you people of Edom. 15 Your nation will be small, yet hated by other nations. 16 Pride tricks you into thinking that other nations look at you with fear.[m] You live along the cliffs and high in the mountains like the eagles, but I am the Lord, and I will bring you down. 17 People passing by your country will be shocked and horrified to see a disaster 18 as bad as the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah and towns nearby. The towns of Edom will be empty.
19 I will attack you like a lion from the forest, attacking sheep in a meadow along the Jordan. In a moment the flock runs, and the land is empty. Who will I choose to attack you? I will do it myself! No one can force me to fight or chase me away. 20 Listen to my plans for you, people of Edom.[n] Your children will be dragged off and your country destroyed. 21 The sounds of your destruction will reach the Red Sea[o] and cause the earth to shake. 22 An enemy will swoop down to attack you, like an eagle spreading its wings and circling over Bozrah. Your warriors will be gripped by fear.[p]
What the Lord Says about Damascus
23 The Lord says about Damascus:
The towns of Hamath and Arpad[q] have heard your bad news. They have lost hope, and worries roll over them like ocean waves.[r] 24 You people of Damascus have lost your courage, and in panic you turn to run, gripped by fear and pain.[s]
25 I once was pleased with your famous city. But now I warn you, “Escape while you still can!”[t] 26 Soon, even your best soldiers will lie dead in your streets. I, the Lord All-Powerful, have spoken.
27 I will set fire to your city walls and burn down the fortresses King Benhadad built.
Nebuchadnezzar and the People of the Desert
28 Here is what the Lord says about the Kedar tribe and the desert villages[u] that were conquered by King Nebuchadnezzar[v] of Babylonia:
Listen, you people of Kedar and the other tribes of the eastern desert. I have told Nebuchadnezzar to attack and destroy you. 29 His fearsome army will surround you, taking your tents and possessions, your sheep and camels.
30 Run and hide, you people of the desert who live in villages![w] Nebuchadnezzar has big plans for you. 31 You have no city walls and no neighbors to help, yet you think you’re safe— so I told him to attack. 32 Then your camels and large herds will be yours no longer.
People of the Arabian Desert,[x] disaster will strike you from every side, and you will be scattered everywhere on earth. 33 Only jackals[y] will live where your villages[z] once stood. I, the Lord, have spoken.
What the Lord Says about Elam
34-35 Not long after Zedekiah[aa] became king of Judah, the Lord told me to say:
People of Elam,[ab] I, the Lord All-Powerful, will kill the archers who make your army strong. 36 Enemies will attack from all directions, and you will be led captive to every nation on earth. 37 Their armies will crush and kill you, and you will face the disaster that my anger brings. 38 Your king and his officials will die, and I will rule in their place. I, the Lord, have spoken.
39 But I promise that someday I will bring your people back to their land.
Babylon Will Be Captured
50 The Lord told me to say:
Announce what will happen and don’t leave anything out. 2 Raise the signal flags; shout so all nations can hear— Babylon will be captured!
Marduk,[ac] Babylon’s god, will be ashamed and terrified, and his idols broken. 3 The attack on the Babylonians will come from the north; they and their animals will run, leaving the land empty.
Israel and Judah Will Return to Their Land
4 The Lord said:
People of Israel and Judah, when these things happen you will weep, and together you will return to your land and worship me, the Lord your God. 5 You will ask the way to Zion and then come and join with me in making an agreement you won’t break or forget.
6 My people, you are lost sheep abandoned by their shepherds in the mountains. You don’t even remember your resting place. 7 I am your true pastureland, the one who gave hope to your ancestors. But you abandoned me, so when your enemies found you, they felt no guilt as they gobbled you down.
8 Escape from Babylonia, my people. Get out of that country! Don’t wait for anyone else. 9 In the north I am bringing great nations together. They will attack Babylon and capture it. The arrows they shoot are like the best soldiers,[ad] always finding their target. 10 Babylonia will be conquered, and its enemies will carry off everything they want.
Babylon Will Be Disgraced
The Lord said:
11 People of Babylonia, you were glad to rob my people. You had a good time, making more noise than horses and jumping around like calves threshing grain.[ae] 12 The city of Babylon was like a mother to you. But it will be disgraced and become nothing but a barren desert. 13 My anger will destroy Babylon, and no one will live there. Everyone who passes by will be shocked to see what has happened.
14 Babylon has rebelled against me. Archers, take your places. Shoot all your arrows at Babylon. 15 Attack from every side!
Babylon surrenders! The enemy tears down its walls and towers. I am taking my revenge by doing to Babylon what it did to other cities. 16 There is no one in Babylonia to plant or harvest crops. Even foreigners who lived there have left for their homelands, afraid of the enemy armies.
17 Israel is a flock of sheep scattered by hungry lions. The king of Assyria[af] first gobbled Israel down. Then Nebuchadnezzar,[ag] king of Babylonia, crunched on Israel’s bones. 18 I, the Lord All-Powerful, the God of Israel, punished the king of Assyria, and I will also punish the king of Babylonia. 19 But I will bring Israel back to its own land. The people will be like sheep eating their fill on Mount Carmel and in Bashan, in the hill country of Ephraim and in Gilead. 20 I will rescue a few people from Israel and Judah. I will forgive them so completely that their sin and guilt will disappear, never to be found.
The Lord’s Commands to the Enemies of Babylonia
21 The Lord said:
I have told the enemies of Babylonia, “Attack the people of Merathaim and Pekod.[ah] Kill them all! Destroy their possessions!”
22 Sounds of war and the noise of destruction can be heard. 23 Babylonia was a hammer pounding every country, but now it lies broken. What a shock to the nations of the world!
24 Babylonia challenged me, the Lord God All-Powerful, but that nation doesn’t know it is caught in a trap that I set. 25 I’ve brought out my weapons, and with them I will put a curse on Babylonia.
26 Come from far away, you enemies of Babylon! Pile up the grain from its storehouses, and destroy it completely, along with everything else. 27 Kill the soldiers of Babylonia, because the time has come for them to be punished.
28 The Babylonian army destroyed my temple, but soon I will take revenge. Then refugees from Babylon will tell about it in Zion.
29 Attack Babylon, enemy archers; set up camp around the city, and don’t let anyone escape. It challenged me, the holy God, so do to it what it did to other cities.
Proud Babylon Will Fall
30 People of Babylon, I, the Lord, promise that even your best soldiers will lie dead in the streets.
31 Babylon, you should be named, “The Proud One.” But the time has come when I, the Lord All-Powerful, will punish you. 32 You are proud, but you will stumble and fall, and no one will help you up. I will set your villages on fire, and everything around you will go up in flames.
33 You Babylonians were cruel to Israel and Judah. You took them captive, and now you refuse to let them go. 34 But I, the Lord All-Powerful, will rescue and protect them. I will bring peace to their land and trouble to yours. 35 I have declared war on you, your officials, and advisors. 36 This war will prove that your prophets are liars and fools. And it will frighten your warriors. 37 Then your chariot horses and the foreigners in your army will refuse to go into battle, and the enemy will carry away everything you treasure. 38 Your rivers and canals will dry up.
All of this will happen, because your land is full of idols, and they have made fools of you. 39 Never again will people live in your land— only desert animals, jackals,[ai] and unclean birds. 40 I destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah and the nearby towns, and I will destroy Babylon just as completely. No one will live there again.
Babylonia Is Invaded
The Lord said:
41 Far to the north, a nation and its allies have been awakened. They are powerful and ready for war. 42 Bows and arrows and swords are in their hands. The soldiers are cruel and show no pity. The hoofbeats of their horses echo like ocean waves crashing against the shore. The army has lined up for battle and is coming to attack you, people of Babylonia!
43 Ever since your king heard about this army, he has been weak with fear; he twists and turns in pain like a woman giving birth. 44 Babylonia, I will attack you like a lion from the forest, attacking sheep in a meadow along the Jordan. In a moment the flock runs, and the land is empty. Who will I choose to attack you? I will do it myself! No one can force me to fight or chase me away. 45 Listen to my plans for you, people of Babylonia. Your children will be dragged off, and your country destroyed. 46 The sounds of your destruction will be heard among the nations, and the earth will shake.
49.1Milcom: The national god of Ammon, probably the same as the god Molech in 32.35.
49.3Heshbon: See also 48.45; since Heshbon was near the border of Moab and Ammon, it was probably ruled by the country that was stronger at the time.
49.3your town will become a pile of rubble: Or “because the town of Ai has been destroyed”; referring to an Ammonite town named Ai, not the town of that name near Bethel in the land of Israel.
49.3You will turn. . . blocked: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text.
49.34,35Elam: A nation east of Babylonia, attacked by Nebuchadnezzar about 596 B.C.
50.2Marduk: The Hebrew text has “Bel” and “Marduk,” two names for the same god.
50.9the best soldiers: Some Hebrew manuscripts and two ancient translations; most Hebrew manuscripts “soldiers that kill children.”
50.11threshing grain: Hebrew; two ancient translations “in a pasture.”
50.17king of Assyria: Either Shalmaneser V, who ruled 726-722 B.C., conquered most of the northern kingdom, and surrounded its capital city Samaria; or Sargon II, who ruled 721-705 B.C. and took thousands of prisoners back to Assyria.
50.21Merathaim. . . Pekod: Hebrew forms of two Babylonian names that refer to the land of Babylonia. Merathaim probably referred to lagoons near the mouth of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers or to the Persian Gulf, but in Hebrew it means “Twice as Rebellious.” Pekod referred to a tribe of southeastern Babylonia, but in Hebrew it means “Punishment.”
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