90 Lord, You have been our dwelling place [our refuge, our sanctuary, our stability] in all generations. 2 Before the mountains were born Or before You had given birth to the earth and the world, Even from everlasting to everlasting, You are [the eternal] God.
3 You turn man back to dust, And say, “Return [to the earth], O children of [mortal] men!” 4 For a [a]thousand years in Your sight Are like yesterday when it is past, Or as a watch in the night. 5 You have swept them away like a flood, they fall asleep [forgotten as soon as they are gone]; In the morning they are like grass which grows anew— 6 In the morning it flourishes and springs up; In the evening it wilts and withers away.
7 For we have been consumed by Your anger And by Your wrath we have been terrified. 8 You have placed our wickedness before you, Our secret sins [which we tried to conceal, You have placed] in the [revealing] light of Your presence. 9 For all our days pass away in Your wrath; We have finished our years like a whispered sigh. 10 The days of our life are [b]seventy years— Or even, if because of strength, eighty years; Yet their pride [in additional years] is only labor and sorrow, For it is soon gone and we fly away. 11 Who understands the power of Your anger? [Who connects this brevity of life among us with Your judgment of sin?] And Your wrath, [who connects it] with the [reverent] fear that is due You? 12 So teach us to number our days, That we may cultivate and bring to You a heart of wisdom.
13 Turn, O Lord [from Your fierce anger]; how long will it be? Be compassionate toward Your servants—revoke Your sentence. 14 O satisfy us with Your lovingkindness in the morning [now, before we grow older], That we may rejoice and be glad all our days. 15 Make us glad in proportion to the days You have afflicted us, And the years we have suffered evil. 16 Let Your work [the signs of Your power] be revealed to Your servants And Your [glorious] majesty to their children. 17 And let the [gracious] favor of the Lord our God be on us; Confirm for us the work of our hands— Yes, confirm the work of our hands.
Security of the One Who Trusts in the Lord.
91 He who [c]dwells in the shelter of the Most High Will remain secure and rest in the shadow of the Almighty [whose power no enemy can withstand]. 2 I will say of the Lord, “He is my refuge and my fortress, My God, in whom I trust [with great confidence, and on whom I rely]!” 3 For He will save you from the trap of the fowler, And from the deadly pestilence. 4 He will cover you and completely protect you with His pinions, And under His wings you will find refuge; His faithfulness is a shield and a wall.
5 You will not be afraid of the terror of night, Nor of the arrow that flies by day, 6 Nor of the pestilence that stalks in darkness, Nor of the destruction (sudden death) that lays waste at noon. 7 A thousand may fall at your side And ten thousand at your right hand, But danger will not come near you. 8 You will only [be a spectator as you] look on with your eyes And witness the [divine] repayment of the wicked [as you watch safely from the shelter of the Most High]. 9 Because you have made the Lord, [who is] my refuge, Even the Most High, your dwelling place, 10 No evil will befall you, Nor will any plague come near your tent.
11 For He will command His angels in regard to you, To protect and defend and guard you in all your ways [of obedience and service]. 12 They will lift you up in their hands, So that you do not [even] strike your foot against a stone. 13 You will tread upon the lion and cobra; The young lion and the serpent you will trample underfoot.
14 “Because he set his love on Me, therefore I will save him; I will set him [securely] on high, because he knows My name [he confidently trusts and relies on Me, knowing I will never abandon him, no, never]. 15 “He will call upon Me, and I will answer him; I will be with him in trouble; I will rescue him and honor him. 16 “With a long life I will satisfy him And I will let him see My salvation.”
Praise for the Lord’s Goodness.
A Psalm. A Song for the Sabbath day.
92 It is a good and delightful thing to give thanks to the Lord, To sing praises to Your name, O Most High, 2 To declare Your lovingkindness in the morning And Your faithfulness by night, 3 With an instrument of ten strings and with the harp, With a solemn sound on the lyre. 4 For You, O Lord, have made me glad by Your works; At the works of Your hands I joyfully sing.
5 How great are Your works, O Lord! Your thoughts are very deep [beyond man’s understanding]. 6 A senseless man [in his crude and uncultivated state] knows nothing, Nor does a [self-righteous] fool understand this: 7 That though the wicked sprout up like grass And all evildoers flourish, They will be destroyed forever. 8 But You, Lord, are on high forever. 9 For behold, Your enemies, O Lord, For behold, Your enemies will perish; All who do evil will be scattered.
10 But my horn [my emblem of strength and power] You have exalted like that of a wild ox; I am anointed with fresh oil [for Your service]. 11 My eye has looked on my foes; My ears hear of the evildoers who rise up against me. 12 The righteous will flourish like the date palm [long-lived, upright and useful]; They will grow like a cedar in Lebanon [majestic and stable]. 13 Planted in the house of the Lord, They will flourish in the courts of our God. 14 [Growing in grace] they will still thrive and bear fruit and prosper in old age; They will flourish and be [d]vital and fresh [rich in trust and love and contentment]; 15 [They are living memorials] to declare that the Lord is upright and faithful [to His promises]; He is my rock, and there is no unrighteousness in Him.
The Majesty of the Lord.
93 The Lord reigns, He is clothed with majesty and splendor; The Lord has clothed and encircled Himself with strength; the world is firmly established, it cannot be moved. 2 Your throne is established from of old; You are from everlasting.
3 The floods have lifted up, O Lord, The floods have lifted up their voice; The floods lift up their pounding waves. 4 More than the sounds of many waters, More than the mighty breakers of the sea, The Lord on high is mighty. 5 Your precepts are fully confirmed and completely reliable; Holiness adorns Your house, O Lord, forever.
The Lord Implored to Avenge His People.
94 O Lord God, You to whom vengeance belongs, O God, You to whom vengeance belongs, shine forth [in judgment]! 2 Rise up, O Judge of the earth; Give to the proud a fitting compensation. 3 O Lord, how long will the wicked, How long will the wicked rejoice in triumph? 4 They pour out words, speaking arrogant things; All who do evil boast proudly. 5 They crush Your people, O Lord, And afflict and abuse Your heritage. 6 [e]They kill the widow and the alien And murder the fatherless. 7 Yet they say, “The Lord does not see, Nor does the God of Jacob (Israel) notice it.”
8 Consider thoughtfully, you senseless (stupid ones) among the people; And you [dull-minded] fools, when will you become wise and understand? 9 He who made the ear, does He not hear? He who formed the eye, does He not see? 10 He who instructs the nations, Does He not rebuke and punish, He who teaches man knowledge? 11 The Lord knows the thoughts of man, That they are a mere breath (vain, empty, futile).
12 Blessed [with wisdom and prosperity] is the man whom You discipline and instruct, O Lord, And whom You teach from Your law, 13 That You may grant him [power to calm himself and find] peace in the days of adversity, Until the pit is dug for the wicked and ungodly. 14 For the Lord will not abandon His people, Nor will He abandon His inheritance. 15 For judgment will again be righteous, And all the upright in heart will follow it. 16 Who will stand up for me against the evildoers? Who will take a stand for me against those who do wickedness?
17 If the Lord had not been my help, I would soon have dwelt in [the land of] silence. 18 If I say, “My foot has slipped,” Your compassion and lovingkindness, O Lord, will hold me up. 19 When my anxious thoughts multiply within me, Your comforts delight me. 20 Can a throne of destruction be allied with You, One which frames and devises mischief by decree [under the sacred name of law]? 21 They band themselves together against the life of the righteous And condemn the innocent to death. 22 But the Lord has become my high tower and defense, And my God the rock of my refuge. 23 He has turned back their own wickedness upon them And will destroy them by means of their own evil; The Lord our God will wipe them out.
Praise to the Lord, and Warning against Unbelief.
95 O come, let us sing joyfully to the Lord; Let us shout joyfully to the rock of our salvation. 2 Let us come before His presence with a song of thanksgiving; Let us shout joyfully to Him with songs. 3 For the Lord is a great God And a great King above all gods, 4 In whose hand are the depths of the earth; The peaks of the mountains are His also. 5 The sea is His, for He made it [by His command]; And His hands formed the dry land.
6 O come, let us worship and bow down, Let us kneel before the Lord our Maker [in reverent praise and prayer]. 7 For He is our God And we are the people of His pasture and the sheep of His hand. Today, if you will hear His voice, 8 Do not harden your hearts and become spiritually dull as at Meribah [the place of strife], And as at Massah [the place of testing] in the wilderness, 9 “When your fathers tested Me, They tried Me, even though they had seen My work [of miracles]. 10 “For forty years I was grieved and disgusted with that generation, And I said, ‘They are a people who err in their heart, And they do not acknowledge or regard My ways.’ 11 “Therefore I swore [an oath] in My wrath, ‘They absolutely shall not enter My rest [the land of promise].’”
Psalm 90:4This was understood by the ancient rabbis to mean that a “thousand years” are literally only one day in God’s reckoning, and Peter seems to confirm the idea in 2 Pet 3:8.
Psalm 90:10This psalm is credited to Moses, who is interceding with God to remove the curse which made it necessary for every Israelite over twenty years of age (when they rebelled against God at Kadesh-barnea) to die before reaching the promised land of Canaan (Num 14:26-35). Moses himself lived to be 120 years old, Aaron 123, Miriam several years older, and Joshua 110 years of age; but it is conceivable that Moses considered such longevity the exception. The ancient rabbis taught that by the time of David, 70 was the age of death for an old man and 80 for a vigorous old man.
Psalm 91:1The wonderful promises of this chapter are dependent upon one’s meeting the conditions stated in these first two verses (see Ex 15:26).
Psalm 94:6Widows, resident aliens, and the fatherless were particularly vulnerable members of ancient society, since they often had little or no economic means. The wicked could easily take advantage of them. God in several Old Testament passages commanded Israel to care especially for these helpless members of society. See, for example, Deut 24:17-22; Ps 146:9; Is 1:17; Zech 7:9, 10.
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