The Lord Implored to Defend the Psalmist against the Wicked.
An [a]Ode of David, [perhaps in a wild, irregular, enthusiastic strain,] which he sang to the Lord concerning the words of Cush, a Benjamite.
7 O Lord my God, in You I take refuge; Save me and rescue me from all those who pursue me, 2 So that my enemy will not tear me like a lion, Dragging me away while there is no one to rescue [me].
3 O Lord my God, if I have done this, If there is injustice in my hands, 4 If I have done evil to him who was at peace with me, Or without cause robbed him who was my enemy, 5 Let the enemy pursue me and overtake me; And let him trample my life to the ground And lay my honor in the dust. Selah.
6 Arise, O Lord, in Your anger; Lift up Yourself against the rage of my enemies; Rise up for me; You have commanded judgment and vindication. 7 Let the assembly of the nations be gathered around You, And return on high over them. 8 The Lord judges the peoples; Judge me, O Lord, and grant me justice according to my righteousness and according to the integrity within me. 9 Oh, let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end, but establish the righteous [those in right standing with You]; For the righteous God tries the hearts and minds. 10 My shield and my defense depend on God, Who saves the upright in heart. 11 God is a righteous judge, And a God who is indignant every day.
12 If a man does not repent, God will sharpen His sword; He has strung and bent His [mighty] bow and made it ready. 13 He has also prepared [other] deadly weapons for Himself; He makes His arrows fiery shafts [aimed at the unrepentant]. 14 Behold, the [wicked and irreverent] man is pregnant with sin, And he conceives mischief and gives birth to lies. 15 He has dug a pit and hollowed it out, And has fallen into the [very] pit which he made [as a trap]. 16 His mischief will return on his own head, And his violence will come down on the top of his head [like loose dirt].
17 I will give thanks to the Lord according to His righteousness and justice, And I will sing praise to the name of the Lord Most High.
Psalm 7:1Meaning uncertain, perhaps a wild, enthusiastic song. The ancient rabbis connected the Hebrew word to another word of similar spelling meaning “inadvertent sin” or “error,” and maintained that God called David to account for what he said in 6:10. He had in essence cursed his enemies, and God supposedly pointed out that Saul was David’s enemy, so David thereby had cursed Saul in violation of Ex 22:28. David pleaded with God to count this a sin of error on his part, and thereafter composed Ps 7. The rabbis also maintained that Cush was a reference to Saul (cf 1 Sam 9:1).
27 The Lord is my light and my salvation— Whom shall I fear? The Lord is the refuge and fortress of my life— Whom shall I dread? 2 When the wicked came against me to eat up my flesh, My adversaries and my enemies, they stumbled and fell. 3 Though an army encamp against me, My heart will not fear; Though war arise against me, Even in this I am confident.
4 One thing I have asked of the Lord, and that I will seek: That I may dwell in the house of the Lord [in His presence] all the days of my life, To gaze upon the beauty [the delightful loveliness and majestic grandeur] of the Lord And to meditate in His temple. 5 For in the day of trouble He will hide me in His shelter; In the secret place of His tent He will hide me; He will lift me up on a rock. 6 And now my head will be lifted up above my enemies around me, In His tent I will offer sacrifices with shouts of joy; I will sing, yes, I will sing praises to the Lord.
7 Hear, O Lord, when I cry aloud; Be gracious and compassionate to me and answer me. 8 When You said, “Seek My face [in prayer, require My presence as your greatest need],” my heart said to You, “Your face, O Lord, I will seek [on the authority of Your word].” 9 Do not hide Your face from me, Do not turn Your servant away in anger; You have been my help; Do not abandon me nor [a]leave me, O God of my salvation! 10 Although my father and my mother have abandoned me, Yet the Lord will take me up [adopt me as His child].
11 Teach me Your way, O Lord, And lead me on a level path Because of my enemies [who lie in wait]. 12 Do not give me up to the will of my adversaries, For false witnesses have come against me; They breathe out violence. 13 I would have despaired had I not believed that I would see the goodness of the Lord In the land of the living. 14 Wait for and confidently expect the Lord; Be strong and let your heart take courage; Yes, wait for and confidently expect the Lord.
31 In You, O Lord, I have placed my trust and taken refuge; Let me never be [a]ashamed; In Your righteousness rescue me. 2 Incline Your ear to me, deliver me quickly; Be my rock of refuge, And a strong fortress to save me. 3 Yes, You are my rock and my fortress; For Your name’s sake You will lead me and guide me. 4 You will draw me out of the net that they have secretly laid for me, For You are my strength and my stronghold. 5 [b]Into Your hand I commit my spirit; You have redeemed me, O Lord, the God of truth and faithfulness.
6 I hate those who pay regard to vain (empty, worthless) idols; But I trust in the Lord [and rely on Him with unwavering confidence]. 7 I will rejoice and be glad in Your steadfast love, Because You have seen my affliction; You have taken note of my life’s distresses, 8 And You have not given me into the hand of the enemy; You have set my feet in a broad place.
9 Be gracious and compassionate to me, O Lord, for I am in trouble; My eye is clouded and weakened by grief, my soul and my body also. 10 For my life is spent with sorrow And my years with sighing; My strength has failed because of my iniquity, And even my body has wasted away. 11 Because of all my enemies I have become a reproach and disgrace, Especially to my neighbors, And an object of dread to my acquaintances; Those who see me on the street run from me. 12 I am forgotten like a dead man, out of mind; I am like a broken vessel. 13 For I have heard the slander and whispering of many, Terror is on every side; While they schemed together against me, They plotted to take away my life.
14 But as for me, I trust [confidently] in You and Your greatness, O Lord; I said, “You are my God.” 15 My times are in Your hands; Rescue me from the hand of my enemies and from those who pursue and persecute me. 16 Make Your face shine upon Your servant; Save me in Your lovingkindness. 17 Let me not be put to shame, O Lord, for I call on You; Let the wicked (godless) be put to shame, let them be silent in Sheol (the nether world, the place of the dead). 18 Let the lying lips be mute, Which speak insolently and arrogantly against the [consistently] righteous With pride and contempt.
19 How great is Your goodness, Which You have stored up for those who [reverently] fear You, Which You have prepared for those who take refuge in You, [c]Before the sons of man! 20 In the secret place of Your presence You hide them from the plots and conspiracies of man; You keep them secretly in a shelter (pavilion) from the strife of tongues. 21 Blessed be the Lord, For He has shown His marvelous favor and lovingkindness to me [when I was assailed] in a besieged city. 22 As for me, I said in my alarm, “I am cut off from Your eyes.” Nevertheless You heard the voice of my supplications (specific requests) When I cried to You [for help].
23 O love the Lord, all you His godly ones! The Lord preserves the faithful [those with moral and spiritual integrity] And fully repays the [self-righteousness of the] arrogant. 24 Be strong and let your hearts take courage, All you who wait for and confidently expect the Lord.
Psalm 31:1I.e. have my expectations in Your goodness be disappointed.
Psalm 31:5The ancient rabbis made this statement a bedtime prayer.
A Psalm of David; when he pretended to be insane before Abimelech, who drove him out, and he went away.
34 I will bless the Lord at all times; His praise shall continually be in my mouth. 2 My soul makes its boast in the Lord; The humble and downtrodden will hear it and rejoice. 3 O [a]magnify the Lord with me, And let us lift up His name together.
4 I sought the Lord [on the authority of His word], and He answered me, And delivered me from all my fears. 5 They looked to Him and were radiant; Their faces will never blush in shame or confusion. 6 This poor man cried, and the Lord heard him And saved him from all his troubles. 7 The [b]angel of the Lord encamps around those who fear Him [with awe-inspired reverence and worship Him with obedience], And He rescues [each of] them.
8 O taste and see that the Lord [our God] is good; How blessed [fortunate, prosperous, and favored by God] is the man who takes refuge in Him. 9 O [reverently] fear the Lord, you His saints (believers, holy ones); For to those who fear Him there is no want. 10 The young lions lack [food] and grow hungry, But they who seek the Lord will not lack any good thing. 11 Come, you children, listen to me; I will teach you to fear the Lord [with awe-inspired reverence and worship Him with obedience]. 12 Who is the man who desires life And loves many days, that he may see good? 13 Keep your tongue from evil And your lips from speaking deceit. 14 Turn away from evil and do good; Seek peace and pursue it.
15 The eyes of the Lord are toward the righteous [those with moral courage and spiritual integrity] And His ears are open to their cry. 16 The face of the Lord is against those who do evil, To cut off the memory of them from the earth. 17 When the righteous cry [for help], the Lord hears And rescues them from all their distress and troubles. 18 The Lord is near to the heartbroken And He saves those who are crushed in spirit (contrite in heart, truly sorry for their sin).
19 Many hardships and perplexing circumstances confront the righteous, But the Lord rescues him from them all. 20 He keeps all his bones; Not one of them is broken. 21 Evil will cause the death of the wicked, And those who hate the righteous will be held guilty and will be condemned. 22 The Lord redeems the soul of His servants, And none of those who take refuge in Him will be condemned.
Psalm 34:3The ancient rabbis applied this verse specifically to the saying of grace after a meal and instituted the practice of zimmum (“invitation”) as a religious duty for three or more men who had eaten together. They were to invite one another to say the blessing. One then said the blessing and the others were required to say “Amen” in voices no louder than that of the speaker of the blessing, based on the word together. It was also taught that all the participants in the blessing receive a reward from God.
To the Chief Musician. A skillful song, or a didactic or reflective poem. A Psalm of David, when Doeg the Edomite came and told Saul, “David has come to the house of Ahimelech.”
52 Why do you boast of evil, O mighty man? The lovingkindness of God endures all day long. 2 Your tongue devises destruction, Like a sharp razor, working deceitfully. 3 You love evil more than good, And falsehood more than speaking what is right. Selah. 4 You love all words that devour, O deceitful tongue.
5 But God will break you down forever; He will take you away and tear you away from your tent, And uproot you from the land of the living. Selah. 6 The righteous will see it and fear, And will [scoffingly] laugh, saying, 7 “Look, [this is] the man who would not make God his strength [his stronghold and fortress], But trusted in the abundance of his riches, Taking refuge in his wealth.”
8 But as for me, I am like a green olive tree in the house of God; I trust [confidently] in the lovingkindness of God forever and ever. 9 I will thank You forever, because You have done it, [You have rescued me and kept me safe]. I will wait on Your name, for it is good, in the presence of Your godly ones.
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