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The Law Condemns Everyone

19 Now we know that whatever the law says is addressed to those who are under the law,[a] so that every mouth will be silenced and the whole world will be subject to God’s judgment. 20 For this reason, no one[b] will be declared righteous in his sight by works of the law, for through the law we become aware of sin.

A Righteousness Apart From the Law by Faith

21 But now, completely apart from the law, a righteousness from God has been made known. The Law and the Prophets testify to it. 22 This righteousness from God comes through faith in Jesus Christ to all and over all[c] who believe.

In fact, there is no difference, 23 because all have sinned and fall short of the glory[d] of God 24 and are justified[e] freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, 25 whom God publicly displayed as the atonement seat[f] through faith in his blood. God did this to demonstrate his justice, since, in his divine restraint, he had left the sins that were committed earlier unpunished. 26 He did this to demonstrate his justice at the present time, so that he would be both just and the one who justifies the person who has faith in Jesus.

27 What happens to boasting then? It has been eliminated. By what principle[g]—by the principle of works? No, but by the principle of faith. 28 For we conclude that a person is justified by faith without the works of the law.

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  1. Romans 3:19 Or those in the sphere of the law
  2. Romans 3:20 Literally flesh
  3. Romans 3:22 Some witnesses to the text omit and over all.
  4. Romans 3:23 Or approval
  5. Romans 3:24 Or declared righteous
  6. Romans 3:25 The atonement seat was the cover of the Ark of the Covenant. It served as the footstool of God’s throne and was the place where the sacrificial blood was sprinkled on the Day of Atonement (see Leviticus 16:2,14,15). Christ is the fulfillment of the function of the atonement seat.
  7. Romans 3:27 In this verse, principle translates the Greek term nomos, which is often translated law.