The Coming Judgment on Edom

The vision of Obadiah.

Thus says the Lord God (A)concerning Edom
(B)(We have heard a report from the Lord,
And a messenger has been sent among the nations, saying,
“Arise, and let us rise up against her for battle”):

“Behold, I will make you small among the nations;
You shall be greatly despised.
The (C)pride of your heart has deceived you,
You who dwell in the clefts of the rock,
Whose habitation is high;
(D)You who say in your heart, ‘Who will bring me down to the ground?’
(E)Though you ascend as high as the eagle,
And though you (F)set your nest among the stars,
From there I will bring you down,” says the Lord.

“If (G)thieves had come to you,
If robbers by night—
Oh, how you will be cut off!—
Would they not have stolen till they had enough?
If grape-gatherers had come to you,
(H)Would they not have left some gleanings?

“Oh, how Esau shall be searched out!
How his hidden treasures shall be sought after!
All the men in your confederacy
Shall force you to the border;
(I)The men at peace with you
Shall deceive you and prevail against you.
Those who eat your bread shall lay a [a]trap for you.
(J)No[b] one is aware of it.

“Will(K) I not in that day,” says the Lord,
“Even destroy the wise men from Edom,
And understanding from the mountains of Esau?
Then your (L)mighty men, O (M)Teman, shall be dismayed,
To the end that everyone from the mountains of Esau
May be cut off by slaughter.

Edom Mistreated His Brother

10 “For (N)violence against your brother Jacob,
Shame shall cover you,
And (O)you shall be cut off forever.
11 In the day that you (P)stood on the other side—
In the day that strangers carried captive his forces,
When foreigners entered his gates
And (Q)cast lots for Jerusalem—
Even you were as one of them.

12 “But you should not have (R)gazed[c] on the day of your brother
[d]In the day of his captivity;
Nor should you have (S)rejoiced over the children of Judah
In the day of their destruction;
Nor should you have spoken proudly
In the day of distress.
13 You should not have entered the gate of My people
In the day of their calamity.
Indeed, you should not have [e]gazed on their affliction
In the day of their calamity,
Nor laid hands on their substance
In the day of their calamity.
14 You should not have stood at the crossroads
To cut off those among them who escaped;
Nor should you have [f]delivered up those among them who remained
In the day of distress.

15 “For(T) the day of the Lord upon all the nations is near;
(U)As you have done, it shall be done to you;
Your [g]reprisal shall return upon your own head.
16 (V)For as you drank on My holy mountain,
So shall all the nations drink continually;
Yes, they shall drink, and swallow,
And they shall be as though they had never been.

Israel’s Final Triumph

17 “But on Mount Zion there (W)shall be [h]deliverance,
And there shall be holiness;
The house of Jacob shall possess their possessions.
18 The house of Jacob shall be a fire,
And the house of Joseph (X)a flame;
But the house of Esau shall be stubble;
They shall kindle them and devour them,
And no survivor shall remain of the house of Esau,”
For the Lord has spoken.

19 The [i]South (Y)shall possess the mountains of Esau,
(Z)And the Lowland shall possess Philistia.
They shall possess the fields of Ephraim
And the fields of Samaria.
Benjamin shall possess Gilead.
20 And the captives of this host of the children of Israel
Shall possess the land of the Canaanites
As (AA)far as Zarephath.
The captives of Jerusalem who are in Sepharad
(AB)Shall possess the cities of the [j]South.
21 Then (AC)saviors[k] shall come to Mount Zion
To judge the mountains of Esau,
And the (AD)kingdom shall be the Lord’s.

Jonah’s Disobedience

Now the word of the Lord came to (AE)Jonah the son of Amittai, saying, “Arise, go to (AF)Nineveh, that (AG)great city, and cry out against it; for (AH)their wickedness has come up before Me.” But Jonah arose to flee to Tarshish from the presence of the Lord. He went down to (AI)Joppa, and found a ship going to Tarshish; so he paid the fare, and went down into it, to go with them to (AJ)Tarshish (AK)from the presence of the Lord.

The Storm at Sea

But (AL)the Lord [l]sent out a great wind on the sea, and there was a mighty tempest on the sea, so that the ship was about to be broken up.

Then the mariners were afraid; and every man cried out to his god, and threw the cargo that was in the ship into the sea, to lighten [m]the load. But Jonah had gone down (AM)into the lowest parts of the ship, had lain down, and was fast asleep.

So the captain came to him, and said to him, “What do you mean, sleeper? Arise, (AN)call on your God; (AO)perhaps your God will consider us, so that we may not perish.”

And they said to one another, “Come, let us (AP)cast lots, that we may know for whose cause this trouble has come upon us.” So they cast lots, and the lot fell on Jonah. Then they said to him, (AQ)“Please tell us! For whose cause is this trouble upon us? What is your occupation? And where do you come from? What is your country? And of what people are you?”

So he said to them, “I am a Hebrew; and I fear [n]the Lord, the God of heaven, (AR)who made the sea and the dry land.

Jonah Thrown into the Sea

10 Then the men were exceedingly afraid, and said to him, “Why have you done this?” For the men knew that he fled from the presence of the Lord, because he had told them. 11 Then they said to him, “What shall we do to you that the sea may be calm for us?”—for the sea was growing more tempestuous.

12 And he said to them, (AS)“Pick me up and [o]throw me into the sea; then the sea will become calm for you. For I know that this great tempest is because of me.”

13 Nevertheless the men rowed hard to return to land, (AT)but they could not, for the sea continued to grow more tempestuous against them. 14 Therefore they cried out to the Lord and said, “We pray, O Lord, please do not let us perish for this man’s life, and (AU)do not charge us with innocent blood; for You, O Lord, (AV)have done as it pleased You.” 15 So they picked up Jonah and threw him into the sea, (AW)and the sea ceased from its raging. 16 Then the men (AX)feared the Lord exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice to the Lord and took vows.

Jonah’s Prayer and Deliverance

17 Now the Lord had prepared a great fish to swallow Jonah. And (AY)Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.

Jonah’s Prayer and God’s Answer

Then Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the fish’s belly. And he said:

“I (AZ)cried out to the Lord because of my affliction,
(BA)And He answered me.

“Out of the belly of Sheol I cried,
And You heard my voice.
(BB)For You cast me into the deep,
Into the heart of the seas,
And the floods surrounded me;
(BC)All Your billows and Your waves passed over me.
(BD)Then I said, ‘I have been cast out of Your sight;
Yet I will look again (BE)toward Your holy temple.’
The (BF)waters surrounded me, even to my soul;
The deep closed around me;
Weeds were wrapped around my head.
I went down to the [p]moorings of the mountains;
The earth with its bars closed behind me forever;
Yet You have brought up my (BG)life from the pit,
O Lord, my God.

“When my soul fainted within me,
I remembered the Lord;
(BH)And my prayer went up to You,
Into Your holy temple.

“Those who regard (BI)worthless idols
Forsake their own [q]Mercy.
But I will (BJ)sacrifice to You
With the voice of thanksgiving;
I will pay what I have (BK)vowed.
(BL)Salvation is of the (BM)Lord.”

10 So the Lord spoke to the fish, and it vomited Jonah onto dry land.

Jonah Preaches at Nineveh

Now the word of the Lord came to Jonah the second time, saying, “Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and preach to it the message that I tell you.” So Jonah arose and went to Nineveh, according to the word of the Lord. Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, [r]a three-day journey in extent. And Jonah began to enter the city on the first day’s walk. Then (BN)he cried out and said, “Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!”

The People of Nineveh Believe

So the (BO)people of Nineveh believed God, proclaimed a fast, and put on sackcloth, from the greatest to the least of them. Then word came to the king of Nineveh; and he arose from his throne and laid aside his robe, covered himself with sackcloth (BP)and sat in ashes. (BQ)And he caused it to be proclaimed and published throughout Nineveh by the decree of the king and his [s]nobles, saying,

Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything; do not let them eat, or drink water. But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily to God; yes, (BR)let every one turn from his evil way and from (BS)the violence that is in his hands. (BT)Who can tell if God will turn and relent, and turn away from His fierce anger, so that we may not perish?

10 (BU)Then God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God relented from the disaster that He had said He would bring upon them, and He did not do it.

Jonah’s Anger and God’s Kindness

But it displeased Jonah exceedingly, and he became angry. So he prayed to the Lord, and said, “Ah, Lord, was not this what I said when I was still in my country? Therefore I (BV)fled previously to Tarshish; for I know that You are a (BW)gracious and merciful God, slow to anger and abundant in lovingkindness, One who relents from doing harm. (BX)Therefore now, O Lord, please take my life from me, for (BY)it is better for me to die than to live!”

Then the Lord said, “Is it right for you to be angry?”

So Jonah went out of the city and sat on the east side of the city. There he made himself a shelter and sat under it in the shade, till he might see what would become of the city. And the Lord God prepared a [t]plant and made it come up over Jonah, that it might be shade for his head to deliver him from his misery. So Jonah [u]was very grateful for the plant. But as morning dawned the next day God prepared a worm, and it so damaged the plant that it withered. And it happened, when the sun arose, that God prepared a vehement east wind; and the sun beat on Jonah’s head, so that he grew faint. Then he wished death for himself, and said, (BZ)It is better for me to die than to live.”

Then God said to Jonah, “Is it right for you to be angry about the plant?”

And he said, “It is right for me to be angry, even to death!”

10 But the Lord said, “You have had pity on the plant for which you have not labored, nor made it grow, which [v]came up in a night and perished in a night. 11 And should I not pity Nineveh, (CA)that great city, in which are more than one hundred and twenty thousand persons (CB)who cannot discern between their right hand and their left—and much livestock?”


  1. Obadiah 1:7 Or wound or plot
  2. Obadiah 1:7 Or There is no understanding in him
  3. Obadiah 1:12 Gloated over
  4. Obadiah 1:12 Lit. On the day he became a foreigner
  5. Obadiah 1:13 Gloated over
  6. Obadiah 1:14 Handed over to the enemy
  7. Obadiah 1:15 Or reward
  8. Obadiah 1:17 Or salvation
  9. Obadiah 1:19 Heb. Negev
  10. Obadiah 1:20 Heb. Negev
  11. Obadiah 1:21 deliverers
  12. Jonah 1:4 Lit. hurled
  13. Jonah 1:5 Lit. from upon them
  14. Jonah 1:9 Heb. YHWH
  15. Jonah 1:12 Lit. hurl
  16. Jonah 2:6 foundations or bases
  17. Jonah 2:8 Or Lovingkindness
  18. Jonah 3:3 Exact meaning unknown
  19. Jonah 3:7 Lit. great ones
  20. Jonah 4:6 Heb. kikayon, exact identity unknown
  21. Jonah 4:6 Lit. rejoiced with great joy
  22. Jonah 4:10 Lit. was a son of a night

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