73 The priests, the Levites, the gatekeepers, the musicians and the temple servants,(A) along with certain of the people and the rest of the Israelites, settled in their own towns.(B)

Ezra Reads the Law

When the seventh month came and the Israelites had settled in their towns,(C) all the people came together as one in the square before the Water Gate.(D) They told Ezra the teacher of the Law to bring out the Book of the Law of Moses,(E) which the Lord had commanded for Israel.

So on the first day of the seventh month(F) Ezra the priest brought the Law(G) before the assembly, which was made up of men and women and all who were able to understand. He read it aloud from daybreak till noon as he faced the square before the Water Gate(H) in the presence of the men, women and others who could understand. And all the people listened attentively to the Book of the Law.

Ezra the teacher of the Law stood on a high wooden platform(I) built for the occasion. Beside him on his right stood Mattithiah, Shema, Anaiah, Uriah, Hilkiah and Maaseiah; and on his left were Pedaiah, Mishael, Malkijah, Hashum, Hashbaddanah, Zechariah and Meshullam.

Ezra opened the book. All the people could see him because he was standing(J) above them; and as he opened it, the people all stood up. Ezra praised the Lord, the great God; and all the people lifted their hands(K) and responded, “Amen! Amen!” Then they bowed down and worshiped the Lord with their faces to the ground.

The Levites(L)—Jeshua, Bani, Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodiah, Maaseiah, Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan and Pelaiah—instructed(M) the people in the Law while the people were standing there. They read from the Book of the Law of God, making it clear[a] and giving the meaning so that the people understood what was being read.

Then Nehemiah the governor, Ezra the priest and teacher of the Law, and the Levites(N) who were instructing the people said to them all, “This day is holy to the Lord your God. Do not mourn or weep.”(O) For all the people had been weeping as they listened to the words of the Law.

10 Nehemiah said, “Go and enjoy choice food and sweet drinks, and send some to those who have nothing(P) prepared. This day is holy to our Lord. Do not grieve, for the joy(Q) of the Lord is your strength.”

11 The Levites calmed all the people, saying, “Be still, for this is a holy day. Do not grieve.”

12 Then all the people went away to eat and drink, to send portions of food and to celebrate with great joy,(R) because they now understood the words that had been made known to them.

13 On the second day of the month, the heads of all the families, along with the priests and the Levites, gathered around Ezra the teacher to give attention to the words of the Law. 14 They found written in the Law, which the Lord had commanded through Moses, that the Israelites were to live in temporary shelters(S) during the festival of the seventh month 15 and that they should proclaim this word and spread it throughout their towns and in Jerusalem: “Go out into the hill country and bring back branches from olive and wild olive trees, and from myrtles, palms and shade trees, to make temporary shelters”—as it is written.[b]

16 So the people went out and brought back branches and built themselves temporary shelters on their own roofs, in their courtyards, in the courts of the house of God and in the square by the Water Gate(T) and the one by the Gate of Ephraim.(U) 17 The whole company that had returned from exile built temporary shelters and lived in them.(V) From the days of Joshua son of Nun until that day, the Israelites had not celebrated(W) it like this. And their joy was very great.

18 Day after day, from the first day to the last, Ezra read(X) from the Book of the Law(Y) of God. They celebrated the festival for seven days, and on the eighth day, in accordance with the regulation,(Z) there was an assembly.(AA)

The Israelites Confess Their Sins

On the twenty-fourth day of the same month, the Israelites gathered together, fasting and wearing sackcloth and putting dust on their heads.(AB) Those of Israelite descent had separated themselves from all foreigners.(AC) They stood in their places and confessed their sins and the sins of their ancestors.(AD) They stood where they were and read from the Book of the Law of the Lord their God for a quarter of the day, and spent another quarter in confession and in worshiping the Lord their God. Standing on the stairs of the Levites(AE) were Jeshua, Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, Bani and Kenani. They cried out with loud voices to the Lord their God. And the Levites—Jeshua, Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabneiah, Sherebiah, Hodiah, Shebaniah and Pethahiah—said: “Stand up and praise the Lord your God,(AF) who is from everlasting to everlasting.[c]

“Blessed be your glorious name,(AG) and may it be exalted above all blessing and praise. You alone are the Lord.(AH) You made the heavens,(AI) even the highest heavens, and all their starry host,(AJ) the earth(AK) and all that is on it, the seas(AL) and all that is in them.(AM) You give life to everything, and the multitudes of heaven(AN) worship you.

“You are the Lord God, who chose Abram(AO) and brought him out of Ur of the Chaldeans(AP) and named him Abraham.(AQ) You found his heart faithful to you, and you made a covenant with him to give to his descendants the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Jebusites and Girgashites.(AR) You have kept your promise(AS) because you are righteous.(AT)

“You saw the suffering of our ancestors in Egypt;(AU) you heard their cry at the Red Sea.[d](AV) 10 You sent signs(AW) and wonders(AX) against Pharaoh, against all his officials and all the people of his land, for you knew how arrogantly the Egyptians treated them. You made a name(AY) for yourself,(AZ) which remains to this day. 11 You divided the sea before them,(BA) so that they passed through it on dry ground, but you hurled their pursuers into the depths,(BB) like a stone into mighty waters.(BC) 12 By day(BD) you led(BE) them with a pillar of cloud,(BF) and by night with a pillar of fire to give them light on the way they were to take.

13 “You came down on Mount Sinai;(BG) you spoke(BH) to them from heaven.(BI) You gave them regulations and laws that are just(BJ) and right, and decrees and commands that are good.(BK) 14 You made known to them your holy Sabbath(BL) and gave them commands, decrees and laws through your servant Moses. 15 In their hunger you gave them bread from heaven(BM) and in their thirst you brought them water from the rock;(BN) you told them to go in and take possession of the land you had sworn with uplifted hand(BO) to give them.(BP)

16 “But they, our ancestors, became arrogant and stiff-necked,(BQ) and they did not obey your commands.(BR) 17 They refused to listen and failed to remember(BS) the miracles(BT) you performed among them. They became stiff-necked(BU) and in their rebellion appointed a leader in order to return to their slavery.(BV) But you are a forgiving God,(BW) gracious and compassionate,(BX) slow to anger(BY) and abounding in love.(BZ) Therefore you did not desert them,(CA) 18 even when they cast for themselves an image of a calf(CB) and said, ‘This is your god, who brought you up out of Egypt,’ or when they committed awful blasphemies.(CC)

19 “Because of your great compassion you did not abandon(CD) them in the wilderness. By day the pillar of cloud(CE) did not fail to guide them on their path, nor the pillar of fire by night to shine on the way they were to take. 20 You gave your good Spirit(CF) to instruct(CG) them. You did not withhold your manna(CH) from their mouths, and you gave them water(CI) for their thirst. 21 For forty years(CJ) you sustained them in the wilderness; they lacked nothing,(CK) their clothes did not wear out nor did their feet become swollen.(CL)


  1. Nehemiah 8:8 Or God, translating it
  2. Nehemiah 8:15 See Lev. 23:37-40.
  3. Nehemiah 9:5 Or God for ever and ever
  4. Nehemiah 9:9 Or the Sea of Reeds

Paul’s Rights as an Apostle

Am I not free?(A) Am I not an apostle?(B) Have I not seen Jesus our Lord?(C) Are you not the result of my work in the Lord?(D) Even though I may not be an apostle to others, surely I am to you! For you are the seal(E) of my apostleship in the Lord.

This is my defense to those who sit in judgment on me. Don’t we have the right to food and drink?(F) Don’t we have the right to take a believing wife(G) along with us, as do the other apostles and the Lord’s brothers(H) and Cephas[a]?(I) Or is it only I and Barnabas(J) who lack the right to not work for a living?

Who serves as a soldier(K) at his own expense? Who plants a vineyard(L) and does not eat its grapes? Who tends a flock and does not drink the milk? Do I say this merely on human authority? Doesn’t the Law say the same thing? For it is written in the Law of Moses: “Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain.”[b](M) Is it about oxen that God is concerned?(N) 10 Surely he says this for us, doesn’t he? Yes, this was written for us,(O) because whoever plows and threshes should be able to do so in the hope of sharing in the harvest.(P) 11 If we have sown spiritual seed among you, is it too much if we reap a material harvest from you?(Q) 12 If others have this right of support from you, shouldn’t we have it all the more?

But we did not use this right.(R) On the contrary, we put up with anything rather than hinder(S) the gospel of Christ.

13 Don’t you know that those who serve in the temple get their food from the temple, and that those who serve at the altar share in what is offered on the altar?(T) 14 In the same way, the Lord has commanded that those who preach the gospel should receive their living from the gospel.(U)

15 But I have not used any of these rights.(V) And I am not writing this in the hope that you will do such things for me, for I would rather die than allow anyone to deprive me of this boast.(W) 16 For when I preach the gospel, I cannot boast, since I am compelled to preach.(X) Woe to me if I do not preach the gospel! 17 If I preach voluntarily, I have a reward;(Y) if not voluntarily, I am simply discharging the trust committed to me.(Z) 18 What then is my reward? Just this: that in preaching the gospel I may offer it free of charge,(AA) and so not make full use of my rights(AB) as a preacher of the gospel.

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  1. 1 Corinthians 9:5 That is, Peter
  2. 1 Corinthians 9:9 Deut. 25:4

12 Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord,(A)
    the people he chose(B) for his inheritance.(C)
13 From heaven the Lord looks down(D)
    and sees all mankind;(E)
14 from his dwelling place(F) he watches
    all who live on earth—
15 he who forms(G) the hearts of all,
    who considers everything they do.(H)

16 No king is saved by the size of his army;(I)
    no warrior escapes by his great strength.
17 A horse(J) is a vain hope for deliverance;
    despite all its great strength it cannot save.
18 But the eyes(K) of the Lord are on those who fear him,
    on those whose hope is in his unfailing love,(L)
19 to deliver them from death(M)
    and keep them alive in famine.(N)

20 We wait(O) in hope for the Lord;
    he is our help and our shield.
21 In him our hearts rejoice,(P)
    for we trust in his holy name.(Q)
22 May your unfailing love(R) be with us, Lord,
    even as we put our hope in you.

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11 When a mocker is punished, the simple gain wisdom;
    by paying attention to the wise they get knowledge.(A)

12 The Righteous One[a] takes note of the house of the wicked
    and brings the wicked to ruin.(B)

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  1. Proverbs 21:12 Or The righteous person

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