The Lamp and the Bread of the Sanctuary

24 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Command the sons of Israel that they bring to you (A)clear oil from beaten olives for the [a]light, to make a lamp [b]burn continually. Outside the veil of the testimony in the tent of meeting, Aaron shall keep it in order from evening to morning before the Lord continually; it shall be a permanent statute throughout your generations. He shall keep the lamps in order on the (B)pure gold lampstand before the Lord continually.

(C)Then you shall take fine flour and bake twelve [c]cakes with it; [d]two-tenths of an ephah shall be in each cake. And you shall set them in two rows, six to a row, on the (D)pure gold table before the Lord. You shall put pure frankincense on each row so that it may be (E)a memorial portion for the bread, an offering by fire to the Lord. (F)Every Sabbath day he shall set it in order before the Lord (G)continually; it is an everlasting covenant [e]for the sons of Israel. And (H)it shall be for Aaron and his sons, and they shall eat it in a holy place; for it is most holy to him from the Lords offerings by fire, his portion forever.”

10 Now the son of an Israelite woman—his father was an Egyptian—went out among the sons of Israel; and the Israelite woman’s son and an Israelite man had a fight within the camp. 11 And the son of the Israelite woman blasphemed the (I)Name and cursed. So they brought him to Moses. (Now his mother’s name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan.) 12 Then they put him in custody, waiting for Moses to give them a clear decision in accordance with (J)the command of the Lord.

13 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 14 “Bring the one who has cursed outside the camp, and have all who heard him (K)lay their hands on his head; then (L)have all the congregation stone him. 15 You shall also speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘(M)If anyone curses his God, then he will bear the responsibility for his sin. 16 Moreover, the one who (N)blasphemes the name of the Lord must be put to death; all the congregation shall certainly stone him. The stranger as well as the native, when he blasphemes the Name, shall be put to death.

An Eye for an Eye

17 ‘Now (O)if someone [f]takes any human life, he must be put to death. 18 But (P)the one who [g]takes the life of an animal shall make restitution, life for life. 19 If someone injures his neighbor, just as he has done, so shall it be done to him: 20 (Q)fracture for fracture, (R)eye for eye, tooth for tooth; just as he has injured a person, so shall it be [h]inflicted on him. 21 So the one who [i]kills an animal shall make restitution, but (S)the one who [j]kills a person shall be put to death. 22 There shall be only (T)one [k]standard for you; it shall be for the stranger as well as the native, for I am the Lord your God.’” 23 Then Moses spoke to the sons of Israel, and they brought the one who had cursed outside the camp, and stoned him with stones. So the sons of Israel did just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

The Sabbatical Year and Year of Jubilee

25 The Lord then spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying, “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you come into the land which I am going to give you, then the land shall have a Sabbath to the Lord. For (U)six years you shall sow your field, and for six years you shall prune your vineyard and gather in its produce, but during (V)the seventh year the land shall have a Sabbath rest, a Sabbath to the Lord; you shall not sow your field nor prune your vineyard. You shall not reap your harvest’s [l]aftergrowth, and you shall not gather your grapes of untrimmed vines; the land shall have a sabbatical year. (W)All of you shall have the Sabbath produce of the land as food; for yourself, your male and female slaves, and your hired worker and your foreign resident, those who live as strangers among you. Even your cattle and the animals that are in your land shall have all its produce to eat.

‘You are also to count off seven Sabbaths of years for yourself, seven times seven years, so that you have the time of the seven Sabbaths of years, that is, forty-nine years. You shall then sound a ram’s horn [m]abroad on (X)the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement you shall sound a horn all through your land. 10 So you shall consecrate the fiftieth year and (Y)proclaim [n]a release throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee for you, [o]and (Z)each of you shall return to his own property, [p]and each of you shall return to his family. 11 You shall have the fiftieth year as a jubilee; you shall not sow, nor harvest its aftergrowth, nor gather grapes from its untrimmed vines. 12 For it is a jubilee; it shall be holy to you. You shall eat its produce from the field.

13 (AA)On this year of jubilee each of you shall return to his own property. 14 Furthermore, if you make a sale to your friend, or buy from your friend’s hand, (AB)you shall not [q]wrong one another. 15 Corresponding to the number of years after the jubilee, you shall buy from your [r]friend; he is to sell to you according to the number of years of crops. 16 (AC)In proportion to [s]a greater number of years you shall increase its price, and in proportion to [t]fewer years you shall decrease its price, because it is the number of crops that he is selling to you. 17 So (AD)you shall not [u]wrong one another, but you shall [v]fear your God; for I am the Lord your God.

18 ‘You shall therefore [w]follow My statutes and keep My judgments so as to carry them out, so that (AE)you may live securely on the land. 19 Then the land will yield its produce, so that you can eat your fill and live securely on it. 20 But if you say, “(AF)What are we going to eat in the seventh year if we do not sow nor gather in our produce?” 21 then (AG)I will so order My blessing for you in the sixth year that it will bring forth the produce for three years. 22 When you are sowing the eighth year, you can still eat (AH)old things from the produce, eating the old until the ninth year when its produce comes in.

The Law of Redemption

23 ‘The land, moreover, shall not be sold permanently, because (AI)the land is Mine; for (AJ)you are only strangers and residents with Me. 24 So for every [x]piece of your property, you are to provide for the redemption of the land.

25 (AK)If a fellow countryman of yours becomes so poor that he sells part of his property, then his closest [y]redeemer is to come and buy back what his relative has sold. 26 Or in case someone has no redeemer, but [z]recovers to find sufficient means for its redemption, 27 (AL)then he shall calculate the years since its sale and refund the balance to the man to whom he sold it, and so return to his property. 28 But if [aa]he has not found sufficient means to get it back for himself, then what he has sold shall remain in the hands of its purchaser until the year of jubilee; but at the jubilee it shall [ab]revert, so that (AM)he may return to his property.

29 ‘Likewise, if a man sells a dwelling house in a walled city, then his redemption right remains valid until a full year after its sale; his right of redemption lasts a full year. 30 But if it is not bought back for him within the space of a full year, then the house that is in the walled city passes permanently to its purchaser throughout his generations; it does not [ac]revert in the jubilee. 31 The houses of the villages, however, which have no surrounding wall, shall be regarded [ad]as open fields; they have redemption rights and [ae]revert in the jubilee. 32 As for the (AN)cities of the Levites, the Levites have a permanent right of redemption for the houses of the cities which are their possession. 33 What, therefore, [af]belongs to the Levites may be redeemed, and a house sale [ag]in the city of this possession [ah]reverts in the jubilee, because the houses of the cities of the Levites are their possession among the sons of Israel. 34 (AO)But pasture fields of their cities shall not be sold, for that is their permanent possession.

Of Poor Countrymen

35 (AP)Now in case a countryman of yours becomes poor and his [ai]means among you falter, then you are to sustain him, like a stranger or a resident, so that he may live with you. 36 (AQ)Do not take [aj]any kind of interest from him, but [ak]fear your God, so that your countryman may live with you. 37 You shall not give him your silver at interest, nor your food [al]for profit. 38 (AR)I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt to give you the land of Canaan, and (AS)to be your God.

39 ‘Now (AT)if a countryman of yours becomes so poor with regard to you that he sells himself to you, you shall not subject him to a slave’s service. 40 He shall be with you as a hired worker, (AU)as if he were a foreign resident; he shall serve with you up to the year of jubilee. 41 He shall then leave you, he and his sons with him, and shall go back to his family, so that he may return to the property of his forefathers. 42 For they are My servants whom I brought out from the land of Egypt; they are not to be sold in a slave sale. 43 (AV)You shall not rule over him with [am]severity, but are to revere your God. 44 As for your male and female slaves whom you may have—you may acquire male and female slaves from the pagan nations that are around you. 45 You may also acquire them from the sons of the foreign residents who reside among you, and from their families who are with you, whom they will have produced in your land; they also may become your possession. 46 You may also pass them on as an inheritance to your sons after you, to receive as a possession; you can use them as permanent slaves. (AW)But in respect to your countrymen, the sons of Israel, you shall not rule with [an]severity over one another.

Of Redeeming a Person Who Is Poor

47 ‘Now if the [ao]means of a stranger or of a foreign resident with you becomes sufficient, and a countryman of yours becomes poor in relation to him and sells himself to a stranger who is residing with you, or to the descendants of a stranger’s family, 48 then he shall have redemption right after he has been sold. One of his brothers may redeem him, 49 or his uncle, or his uncle’s son may redeem him, or one of his blood relatives from his family may redeem him; or [ap](AX)if he prospers, he may redeem himself. 50 He then, with his purchaser, shall calculate from the year when he sold himself to him up to the year of jubilee; and the price of his sale shall correspond to the number of years calculated. It is like the days of a hired worker that he will be with him. 51 If there are still many years remaining, (AY)he shall refund part of his purchase price in proportion to them for his own redemption; 52 but if few years remain until the year of jubilee, he shall so calculate with him. In proportion to his years he is to refund the amount for his redemption. 53 He shall be with him like a worker hired year by year; (AZ)he shall not rule over him with [aq]severity in your sight. 54 Even if he is not redeemed by [ar]these means, (BA)he shall still leave in the year of jubilee, he and his sons with him. 55 For the sons of Israel are My servants; they are My servants whom I brought out from the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 24:2 Or luminary
  2. Leviticus 24:2 Lit ascend
  3. Leviticus 24:5 I.e., ring-shaped bread loaves
  4. Leviticus 24:5 About 0.13 cubic feet or 0.004 cubic meters
  5. Leviticus 24:8 Lit from
  6. Leviticus 24:17 Lit strikes
  7. Leviticus 24:18 Lit strikes
  8. Leviticus 24:20 Lit given
  9. Leviticus 24:21 Lit strikes down
  10. Leviticus 24:21 Lit strikes down
  11. Leviticus 24:22 Lit judgment
  12. Leviticus 25:5 Lit growth from spilled kernels
  13. Leviticus 25:9 Lit signal
  14. Leviticus 25:10 Or freedom
  15. Leviticus 25:10 Or when
  16. Leviticus 25:10 Or when
  17. Leviticus 25:14 Lit oppress
  18. Leviticus 25:15 Lit friend’s hands
  19. Leviticus 25:16 Lit the multitude of
  20. Leviticus 25:16 Lit the years being few
  21. Leviticus 25:17 Lit oppress
  22. Leviticus 25:17 Or revere
  23. Leviticus 25:18 Lit do My
  24. Leviticus 25:24 Lit land
  25. Leviticus 25:25 I.e., male relative to act in his behalf
  26. Leviticus 25:26 Lit his hand reaches
  27. Leviticus 25:28 Lit his hand has not found sufficient to
  28. Leviticus 25:28 Lit go out
  29. Leviticus 25:30 Lit go out
  30. Leviticus 25:31 Lit according to
  31. Leviticus 25:31 Lit go out
  32. Leviticus 25:33 Lit is from
  33. Leviticus 25:33 Lit and
  34. Leviticus 25:33 Lit goes out
  35. Leviticus 25:35 Lit hand
  36. Leviticus 25:36 Prob. interest on money and food loans
  37. Leviticus 25:36 Or revere
  38. Leviticus 25:37 Lit at interest
  39. Leviticus 25:43 Or violence
  40. Leviticus 25:46 Or violence
  41. Leviticus 25:47 Lit hand...reaches
  42. Leviticus 25:49 Lit his hand has reached and he
  43. Leviticus 25:53 Or violence
  44. Leviticus 25:54 Or these years