Various Rules for Priests

22 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Tell Aaron and his sons to be careful with the holy gifts of the sons of Israel, which they dedicate to Me, so as not to profane My holy name; I am the Lord. Say to them, ‘(A)Any man among all your [a]descendants throughout your generations who approaches the holy gifts which the sons of Israel consecrate to the Lord, while he has an uncleanness, that person shall be cut off from My presence; I am the Lord. (B)No man of the [b]descendants of Aaron, who has [c]leprosy or has a discharge, may eat of the holy gifts until he is clean. (C)And one who touches anything made unclean by a corpse, or (D)a man who has a seminal emission, or (E)a man who touches any swarming things by which he is made unclean, or touches any person by whom he is made unclean, whatever his uncleanness; a [d]person who touches any such thing shall be unclean until evening, and shall not eat of the holy gifts unless he has bathed his [e]body in water. But when the sun sets, he will be clean, and afterward he may eat of the holy gifts, for (F)it is his [f]food. He shall not eat (G)an animal which dies or is torn by animals, becoming unclean by it; I am the Lord. They shall therefore perform their (H)duty to Me, so that (I)they do not bear sin because of it and die by it because they profane it; I am the Lord who sanctifies them.

10 (J)No [g]layman, however, is to eat the holy gift; a foreign resident with the priest or a hired worker shall not eat the holy gift. 11 (K)But if a priest buys a [h]slave as his property with his money, [i]that person may eat of it, and those who are born in his house may eat of his [j]food. 12 If a priest’s daughter is married to a [k]layman, she shall not eat of the [l]offering of the holy gifts. 13 But if a priest’s daughter becomes a widow or divorced, and has no child and returns to her father’s house as in her youth, she may eat of her father’s [m]food; (L)but no [n]layman shall eat of it. 14 (M)If, however, someone eats a holy food unintentionally, then he shall add to it a fifth of it and shall give the holy food to the priest. 15 And (N)they shall not profane the holy gifts of the sons of Israel, which they offer to the Lord, 16 and thereby (O)bring upon them [o]punishment for guilt by eating their holy gifts; for I am the Lord who sanctifies them.’”

Flawless Animals for Sacrifice

17 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 18 “Speak to Aaron and to his sons, and to all the sons of Israel, and say to them, ‘(P)Anyone of the house of Israel or of the strangers in Israel who presents his offering, whether it is any of their [p]vows or any of their [q]voluntary offerings, which they present to the Lord as a burnt offering— 19 (Q)for you to be accepted—it must be a male without defect [r]from the cattle, the sheep, or the goats. 20 (R)Whatever has a defect, you shall not offer, for it will not be accepted for you. 21 When someone offers a sacrifice of peace offerings to the Lord (S)to fulfill a special vow or for a [s]voluntary offering, [t]of the herd or [u]of the flock, it must be without defect to be accepted; there shall be no defect in it. 22 Those that are blind, fractured, maimed, or have a wart, a festering rash, or scabs, you shall not offer to the Lord, nor make of them an offering by fire on the altar to the Lord. 23 Now as for an ox or a lamb which has an [v]overgrown or stunted member, you may present it as a [w]voluntary offering, but for a vow it will not be accepted. 24 Also (T)anything with its testicles squashed, crushed, torn off, or cut off, you shall not offer to the Lord, nor [x]sacrifice in your land, 25 nor shall you offer any of these animals taken from the hand of a [y]foreigner (U)as the [z]food of your God; for their deformity is in them, they have an impairment. They will not be accepted for you.’”

26 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 27 “When an ox or a sheep or a goat is born, it shall [aa]remain (V)seven days [ab]with its mother, and from the eighth day on it will be considered acceptable as a sacrifice of an offering by fire to the Lord. 28 (W)But, whether it is an ox or a sheep, you shall not slaughter both it and its young in one day. 29 When you sacrifice (X)a sacrifice of thanksgiving to the Lord, you shall sacrifice it so that you may be accepted. 30 It shall be eaten on the same day; you shall leave none of it until morning. I am the Lord. 31 (Y)So you shall keep My commandments, and do them; I am the Lord.

32 “And you shall not profane My holy name, but I will be sanctified among the sons of Israel; I am the Lord who sanctifies you, 33 (Z)who brought you out from the land of Egypt, to be your God; I am the Lord.”

Laws of Holy Days

23 The Lord spoke again to Moses, saying, “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘(AA)The Lords appointed times which you shall (AB)proclaim as holy convocations—My appointed times are these:

(AC)For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a Sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall not do any work; it is a Sabbath to the Lord in all your dwellings.

‘These are the (AD)appointed times of the Lord, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at the times appointed for them. (AE)In the [ac]first month, on the fourteenth day of the month [ad]at twilight is the Lords Passover. Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the (AF)Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall (AG)not do any laborious work. But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.’”

Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 10 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you enter the land which I am going to give to you and you (AH)gather its harvest, then you shall bring in the sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest. 11 He shall wave the sheaf before the Lord for you to be accepted; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12 Now on the day when you wave the sheaf, you shall offer a male lamb one year old without defect as a burnt offering to the Lord. 13 Its (AI)grain offering shall then be [ae]two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering by fire to the Lord for a soothing aroma, with its drink offering, a [af]fourth of a hin of wine. 14 Until this very day, until you have brought in the offering of your God, (AJ)you shall eat neither bread nor roasted grain nor new produce. It is to be a permanent statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places.

15 (AK)You shall also count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day when you brought in the sheaf of the wave offering; there shall be seven complete Sabbaths. 16 You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall present a (AL)new grain offering to the Lord. 17 You shall bring in from your dwelling places two loaves of bread as a wave offering, made of [ag]two-tenths of an ephah; they shall be of a fine flour, baked (AM)with leaven as first fruits to the Lord. 18 Along with the bread you shall present seven one-year-old male lambs without defect, and a bull of the herd and two rams; they are to be a burnt offering to the Lord, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to the Lord. 19 You shall also offer (AN)one male goat as a [ah]sin offering, and two male lambs one year old as a sacrifice of peace offerings. 20 The priest shall then wave them with the bread of the first fruits as a wave offering with two lambs before the Lord; they are to be holy to the Lord for the priest. 21 On this very day you shall (AO)make a proclamation as well; you are to have a holy convocation. You shall do no laborious (AP)work. It is to be a permanent statute in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.

22 (AQ)When you reap the harvest of your land, moreover, you shall not reap to the very edges of your field nor gather the gleaning of your harvest; you are to leave them for the needy and the stranger. I am the Lord your God.’”

23 Again the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 24 “Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘(AR)In the [ai]seventh month on the first of the month you shall have a [aj]rest, a (AS)reminder by blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. 25 You shall (AT)not do any laborious work, but you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord.’”

The Day of Atonement

26 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 27 “On exactly (AU)the tenth day of this seventh month is (AV)the Day of Atonement; it shall be a holy convocation for you, and you shall humble [ak]yourselves and present an offering by fire to the Lord. 28 You shall not do any work on this very day, for it is a (AW)Day of Atonement, (AX)to make atonement on your behalf before the Lord your God. 29 If there is any [al]person who does not humble himself on this very day, (AY)he shall be cut off from his people. 30 As for any person who does any work on this very day, that person I will eliminate from among his people. 31 You shall not do any work. It is to be a permanent statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places. 32 It is to be a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you shall humble [am]yourselves; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening, you shall keep your Sabbath.”

33 Again the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 34 “Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘On (AZ)the fifteenth of this [an]seventh month is the (BA)Feast of Booths for seven days to the Lord. 35 On the first day is a holy convocation; you shall (BB)not do any laborious work. 36 (BC)For seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord. On (BD)the eighth day you shall have a holy convocation and present an offering by fire to the Lord; it is an assembly. You shall not do any laborious work.

37 ‘These are (BE)the appointed times of the Lord which you shall proclaim as holy convocations, to present offerings by fire to the Lord—burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings, (BF)each day’s matter on its own day— 38 besides those of the Sabbaths of the Lord, and besides your gifts and besides all your [ao]vowed and [ap]voluntary offerings, which you give to the Lord.

39 ‘On exactly the fifteenth day of the seventh month, (BG)when you have gathered in the crops of the land, you shall celebrate the feast of the Lord for seven days, with a [aq]rest on the first day and a [ar]rest on the eighth day. 40 Now on the first day you shall take for yourselves the [as]foliage of beautiful trees, palm branches and branches of trees with thick branches and willows of the brook, and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. 41 So you shall celebrate it as a feast to the Lord for seven days in the year. It shall be a permanent statute throughout your generations; you shall celebrate it in the seventh month. 42 You shall live (BH)in booths for seven days; all the native-born in Israel shall live in booths, 43 so that (BI)your generations may know that I had the sons of Israel live in booths when I brought them out from the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.’” 44 So Moses declared to the sons of Israel (BJ)the appointed times of the Lord.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 22:3 Lit seed
  2. Leviticus 22:4 Lit seed
  3. Leviticus 22:4 I.e., leprosy or another serious skin disease
  4. Leviticus 22:6 Lit soul
  5. Leviticus 22:6 Lit flesh
  6. Leviticus 22:7 Lit bread
  7. Leviticus 22:10 Or unauthorized person
  8. Leviticus 22:11 Lit soul
  9. Leviticus 22:11 Lit he may
  10. Leviticus 22:11 Lit bread
  11. Leviticus 22:12 Lit stranger
  12. Leviticus 22:12 Or uplifted offering
  13. Leviticus 22:13 Lit bread
  14. Leviticus 22:13 Lit stranger
  15. Leviticus 22:16 Or wrongdoing requiring a guilt offering
  16. Leviticus 22:18 Or vowed offerings
  17. Leviticus 22:18 Or freewill offerings
  18. Leviticus 22:19 Lit among
  19. Leviticus 22:21 Or freewill offering
  20. Leviticus 22:21 Lit among
  21. Leviticus 22:21 Lit among
  22. Leviticus 22:23 Or a deformed
  23. Leviticus 22:23 Or freewill offering
  24. Leviticus 22:24 Lit do
  25. Leviticus 22:25 Lit son of a stranger
  26. Leviticus 22:25 Lit bread
  27. Leviticus 22:27 Lit be
  28. Leviticus 22:27 Lit under
  29. Leviticus 23:5 I.e., Nisan = March/April
  30. Leviticus 23:5 Lit between the two evenings
  31. Leviticus 23:13 About 0.13 cubic feet or 0.004 cubic meters
  32. Leviticus 23:13 About 0.25 gallon or 1 liter
  33. Leviticus 23:17 About 0.13 cubic feet or 0.004 cubic meters
  34. Leviticus 23:19 Or purification offering
  35. Leviticus 23:24 I.e., Tishri = September/October
  36. Leviticus 23:24 Lit Sabbath rest
  37. Leviticus 23:27 Lit your souls
  38. Leviticus 23:29 Lit soul
  39. Leviticus 23:32 Lit your souls
  40. Leviticus 23:34 I.e., Tishri = September/October
  41. Leviticus 23:38 Lit vows, and besides all your
  42. Leviticus 23:38 Or freewill offerings
  43. Leviticus 23:39 Lit Sabbath rest
  44. Leviticus 23:39 Lit Sabbath rest
  45. Leviticus 23:40 Lit products; or fruit