21 Then Reuben, Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh replied to the heads of the clans of Israel: 22 “The Mighty One, God, the Lord! The Mighty One, God,(A) the Lord!(B) He knows!(C) And let Israel know! If this has been in rebellion or disobedience to the Lord, do not spare us this day. 23 If we have built our own altar to turn away from the Lord and to offer burnt offerings and grain offerings,(D) or to sacrifice fellowship offerings on it, may the Lord himself call us to account.(E)

24 “No! We did it for fear that some day your descendants might say to ours, ‘What do you have to do with the Lord, the God of Israel? 25 The Lord has made the Jordan a boundary between us and you—you Reubenites and Gadites! You have no share in the Lord.’ So your descendants might cause ours to stop fearing the Lord.

26 “That is why we said, ‘Let us get ready and build an altar—but not for burnt offerings or sacrifices.’ 27 On the contrary, it is to be a witness(F) between us and you and the generations that follow, that we will worship the Lord at his sanctuary with our burnt offerings, sacrifices and fellowship offerings.(G) Then in the future your descendants will not be able to say to ours, ‘You have no share in the Lord.’

28 “And we said, ‘If they ever say this to us, or to our descendants, we will answer: Look at the replica of the Lord’s altar, which our ancestors built, not for burnt offerings and sacrifices, but as a witness(H) between us and you.’

29 “Far be it from us to rebel(I) against the Lord and turn away from him today by building an altar for burnt offerings, grain offerings and sacrifices, other than the altar of the Lord our God that stands before his tabernacle.(J)

30 When Phinehas the priest and the leaders of the community—the heads of the clans of the Israelites—heard what Reuben, Gad and Manasseh had to say, they were pleased. 31 And Phinehas son of Eleazar, the priest, said to Reuben, Gad and Manasseh, “Today we know that the Lord is with us,(K) because you have not been unfaithful to the Lord in this matter. Now you have rescued the Israelites from the Lord’s hand.”

32 Then Phinehas son of Eleazar, the priest, and the leaders returned to Canaan from their meeting with the Reubenites and Gadites in Gilead and reported to the Israelites.(L) 33 They were glad to hear the report and praised God.(M) And they talked no more about going to war against them to devastate the country where the Reubenites and the Gadites lived.

34 And the Reubenites and the Gadites gave the altar this name: A Witness(N) Between Us—that the Lord is God.

Joshua’s Farewell to the Leaders

23 After a long time had passed and the Lord had given Israel rest(O) from all their enemies around them, Joshua, by then a very old man,(P) summoned all Israel—their elders,(Q) leaders, judges and officials(R)—and said to them: “I am very old.(S) You yourselves have seen everything the Lord your God has done to all these nations for your sake; it was the Lord your God who fought for you.(T) Remember how I have allotted(U) as an inheritance(V) for your tribes all the land of the nations that remain—the nations I conquered—between the Jordan and the Mediterranean Sea(W) in the west. The Lord your God himself will push them out(X) for your sake. He will drive them out(Y) before you, and you will take possession of their land, as the Lord your God promised you.(Z)

“Be very strong; be careful to obey all that is written in the Book of the Law(AA) of Moses, without turning aside(AB) to the right or to the left.(AC) Do not associate with these nations that remain among you; do not invoke the names of their gods or swear(AD) by them. You must not serve them or bow down(AE) to them. But you are to hold fast to the Lord(AF) your God, as you have until now.

“The Lord has driven out before you great and powerful nations;(AG) to this day no one has been able to withstand you.(AH) 10 One of you routs a thousand,(AI) because the Lord your God fights for you,(AJ) just as he promised. 11 So be very careful(AK) to love the Lord(AL) your God.

12 “But if you turn away and ally yourselves with the survivors of these nations that remain among you and if you intermarry with them(AM) and associate with them,(AN) 13 then you may be sure that the Lord your God will no longer drive out(AO) these nations before you. Instead, they will become snares(AP) and traps for you, whips on your backs and thorns in your eyes,(AQ) until you perish from this good land,(AR) which the Lord your God has given you.

14 “Now I am about to go the way of all the earth.(AS) You know with all your heart and soul that not one of all the good promises the Lord your God gave you has failed. Every promise(AT) has been fulfilled; not one has failed.(AU) 15 But just as all the good things(AV) the Lord your God has promised you have come to you, so he will bring on you all the evil things(AW) he has threatened, until the Lord your God has destroyed you(AX) from this good land he has given you.(AY) 16 If you violate the covenant of the Lord your God, which he commanded you, and go and serve other gods and bow down to them, the Lord’s anger will burn against you, and you will quickly perish from the good land he has given you.(AZ)

The Resurrection and Marriage(A)

27 Some of the Sadducees,(B) who say there is no resurrection,(C) came to Jesus with a question. 28 “Teacher,” they said, “Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies and leaves a wife but no children, the man must marry the widow and raise up offspring for his brother.(D) 29 Now there were seven brothers. The first one married a woman and died childless. 30 The second 31 and then the third married her, and in the same way the seven died, leaving no children. 32 Finally, the woman died too. 33 Now then, at the resurrection whose wife will she be, since the seven were married to her?”

34 Jesus replied, “The people of this age marry and are given in marriage. 35 But those who are considered worthy of taking part in the age to come(E) and in the resurrection from the dead will neither marry nor be given in marriage, 36 and they can no longer die; for they are like the angels. They are God’s children,(F) since they are children of the resurrection. 37 But in the account of the burning bush, even Moses showed that the dead rise, for he calls the Lord ‘the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’[a](G) 38 He is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for to him all are alive.”

39 Some of the teachers of the law responded, “Well said, teacher!” 40 And no one dared to ask him any more questions.(H)

Whose Son Is the Messiah?(I)

41 Then Jesus said to them, “Why is it said that the Messiah is the son of David?(J) 42 David himself declares in the Book of Psalms:

“‘The Lord said to my Lord:
    “Sit at my right hand
43 until I make your enemies
    a footstool for your feet.”’[b](K)

44 David calls him ‘Lord.’ How then can he be his son?”

Warning Against the Teachers of the Law

45 While all the people were listening, Jesus said to his disciples, 46 “Beware of the teachers of the law. They like to walk around in flowing robes and love to be greeted with respect in the marketplaces and have the most important seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at banquets.(L) 47 They devour widows’ houses and for a show make lengthy prayers. These men will be punished most severely.”

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  1. Luke 20:37 Exodus 3:6
  2. Luke 20:43 Psalm 110:1

14 Righteousness and justice are the foundation of your throne;(A)
    love and faithfulness go before you.(B)
15 Blessed are those who have learned to acclaim you,
    who walk(C) in the light(D) of your presence, Lord.
16 They rejoice in your name(E) all day long;
    they celebrate your righteousness.
17 For you are their glory and strength,(F)
    and by your favor you exalt our horn.[a](G)
18 Indeed, our shield[b](H) belongs to the Lord,
    our king(I) to the Holy One of Israel.

19 Once you spoke in a vision,
    to your faithful people you said:
“I have bestowed strength on a warrior;
    I have raised up a young man from among the people.
20 I have found David(J) my servant;(K)
    with my sacred oil(L) I have anointed(M) him.
21 My hand will sustain him;
    surely my arm will strengthen him.(N)
22 The enemy will not get the better of him;(O)
    the wicked will not oppress(P) him.
23 I will crush his foes before him(Q)
    and strike down his adversaries.(R)
24 My faithful love will be with him,(S)
    and through my name his horn[c] will be exalted.
25 I will set his hand over the sea,
    his right hand over the rivers.(T)
26 He will call out to me, ‘You are my Father,(U)
    my God, the Rock(V) my Savior.’(W)
27 And I will appoint him to be my firstborn,(X)
    the most exalted(Y) of the kings(Z) of the earth.
28 I will maintain my love to him forever,
    and my covenant with him will never fail.(AA)
29 I will establish his line forever,
    his throne as long as the heavens endure.(AB)

30 “If his sons forsake my law
    and do not follow my statutes,
31 if they violate my decrees
    and fail to keep my commands,
32 I will punish their sin with the rod,
    their iniquity with flogging;(AC)
33 but I will not take my love from him,(AD)
    nor will I ever betray my faithfulness.
34 I will not violate my covenant
    or alter what my lips have uttered.(AE)
35 Once for all, I have sworn by my holiness—
    and I will not lie to David—
36 that his line will continue forever
    and his throne endure before me like the sun;(AF)
37 it will be established forever like the moon,
    the faithful witness in the sky.”(AG)

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  1. Psalm 89:17 Horn here symbolizes strong one.
  2. Psalm 89:18 Or sovereign
  3. Psalm 89:24 Horn here symbolizes strength.

17 A wicked messenger falls into trouble,(A)
    but a trustworthy envoy brings healing.(B)

18 Whoever disregards discipline comes to poverty and shame,(C)
    but whoever heeds correction is honored.(D)

19 A longing fulfilled is sweet to the soul,(E)
    but fools detest turning from evil.

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