Judgment on Moab

48 Against (A)Moab.

Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel:

“Woe to (B)Nebo!
For it is plundered,
(C)Kirjathaim is shamed and taken;
[a]The high stronghold is shamed and dismayed—
(D)No more praise of Moab.
In (E)Heshbon they have devised evil against her:
‘Come, and let us cut her off as a nation.’
You also shall be cut down, O (F)Madmen![b]
The sword shall pursue you;
A voice of crying shall be from (G)Horonaim:
‘Plundering and great destruction!’

“Moab is destroyed;
[c]Her little ones have caused a cry to be heard;
(H)For in the Ascent of Luhith they ascend with continual weeping;
For in the descent of Horonaim the enemies have heard a cry of destruction.

“Flee, save your lives!
And be like [d]the (I)juniper in the wilderness.
For because you have trusted in your works and your (J)treasures,
You also shall be taken.
And (K)Chemosh shall go forth into captivity,
His (L)priests and his princes together.
And (M)the plunderer shall come against every city;
No one shall escape.
The valley also shall perish,
And the plain shall be destroyed,
As the Lord has spoken.

“Give(N) wings to Moab,
That she may flee and get away;
For her cities shall be desolate,
Without any to dwell in them.
10 (O)Cursed is he who does the work of the Lord deceitfully,
And cursed is he who keeps back his sword from blood.

11 “Moab has been at ease from [e]his youth;
He (P)has settled on his dregs,
And has not been emptied from vessel to vessel,
Nor has he gone into captivity.
Therefore his taste remained in him,
And his scent has not changed.

12 “Therefore behold, the days are coming,” says the Lord,
“That I shall send him [f]wine-workers
Who will tip him over
And empty his vessels
And break the bottles.
13 Moab shall be ashamed of (Q)Chemosh,
As the house of Israel (R)was ashamed of (S)Bethel, their confidence.

14 “How can you say, (T)‘We are mighty
And strong men for the war’?
15 Moab is plundered and gone up from her cities;
Her chosen young men have (U)gone down to the slaughter,” says (V)the King,
Whose name is the Lord of hosts.

16 “The calamity of Moab is near at hand,
And his affliction comes quickly.
17 Bemoan him, all you who are around him;
And all you who know his name,
Say, (W)‘How the strong staff is broken,
The beautiful rod!’

18 “O (X)daughter inhabiting (Y)Dibon,
Come down from your glory,
And sit in thirst;
For the plunderer of Moab has come against you,
He has destroyed your strongholds.
19 O inhabitant of (Z)Aroer,
(AA)Stand by the way and watch;
Ask him who flees
And her who escapes;
Say, ‘What has happened?’
20 Moab is shamed, for he is broken down.
(AB)Wail and cry!
Tell it in (AC)Arnon, that Moab is plundered.

21 “And judgment has come on the plain country:
On Holon and Jahzah and Mephaath,
22 On Dibon and Nebo and Beth Diblathaim,
23 On Kirjathaim and Beth Gamul and Beth Meon,
24 On (AD)Kerioth and Bozrah,
On all the cities of the land of Moab,
Far or near.
25 (AE)The [g]horn of Moab is cut off,
And his (AF)arm is broken,” says the Lord.

26 “Make(AG) him drunk,
Because he exalted himself against the Lord.
Moab shall wallow in his vomit,
And he shall also be in derision.
27 For (AH)was not Israel a derision to you?
(AI)Was he found among thieves?
For whenever you speak of him,
You shake your head in (AJ)scorn.
28 You who dwell in Moab,
Leave the cities and (AK)dwell in the rock,
And be like (AL)the dove which makes her nest
In the sides of the cave’s mouth.

29 “We have heard the (AM)pride of Moab
(He is exceedingly proud),
Of his loftiness and arrogance and (AN)pride,
And of the haughtiness of his heart.”

30 “I know his wrath,” says the Lord,
“But it is not right;
(AO)His [h]lies have made nothing right.
31 Therefore (AP)I will wail for Moab,
And I will cry out for all Moab;
[i]I will mourn for the men of Kir Heres.
32 (AQ)O vine of Sibmah! I will weep for you with the weeping of (AR)Jazer.
Your plants have gone over the sea,
They reach to the sea of Jazer.
The plunderer has fallen on your summer fruit and your vintage.
33 (AS)Joy and gladness are taken
From the plentiful field
And from the land of Moab;
I have caused wine to [j]fail from the winepresses;
No one will tread with joyous shouting—
Not joyous shouting!

34 “From(AT) the cry of Heshbon to (AU)Elealeh and to Jahaz
They have uttered their voice,
(AV)From Zoar to Horonaim,
Like [k]a three-year-old heifer;
For the waters of Nimrim also shall be desolate.

35 “Moreover,” says the Lord,
“I will cause to cease in Moab
(AW)The one who offers sacrifices in the [l]high places
And burns incense to his gods.
36 Therefore (AX)My heart shall wail like flutes for Moab,
And like flutes My heart shall wail
For the men of Kir Heres.
Therefore (AY)the riches they have acquired have perished.

37 “For (AZ)every head shall be bald, and every beard clipped;
On all the hands shall be cuts, and (BA)on the loins sackcloth—
38 A general lamentation
On all the (BB)housetops of Moab,
And in its streets;
For I have (BC)broken Moab like a vessel in which is no pleasure,” says the Lord.
39 “They shall wail:
‘How she is broken down!
How Moab has turned her back with shame!’
So Moab shall be a derision
And a dismay to all those about her.”

40 For thus says the Lord:

“Behold, (BD)one shall fly like an eagle,
And (BE)spread his wings over Moab.
41 Kerioth is taken,
And the strongholds are surprised;
(BF)The mighty men’s hearts in Moab on that day shall be
Like the heart of a woman in birth pangs.
42 And Moab shall be destroyed (BG)as a people,
Because he exalted himself against the Lord.
43 (BH)Fear and the pit and the snare shall be upon you,
O inhabitant of Moab,” says the Lord.
44 “He who flees from the fear shall fall into the pit,
And he who gets out of the pit shall be caught in the (BI)snare.
For upon Moab, upon it (BJ)I will bring
The year of their punishment,” says the Lord.

45 “Those who fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon
Because of exhaustion.
But (BK)a fire shall come out of Heshbon,
A flame from the midst of (BL)Sihon,
And (BM)shall devour the brow of Moab,
The crown of the head of the sons of tumult.
46 (BN)Woe to you, O Moab!
The people of Chemosh perish;
For your sons have been taken captive,
And your daughters captive.

47 “Yet I will bring back the captives of Moab
(BO)In the latter days,” says the Lord.

Thus far is the judgment of Moab.

Judgment on Ammon

49 Against the (BP)Ammonites.

Thus says the Lord:

“Has Israel no sons?
Has he no heir?
Why then does [m]Milcom inherit (BQ)Gad,
And his people dwell in its cities?
(BR)Therefore behold, the days are coming,” says the Lord,
“That I will cause to be heard an alarm of war
In (BS)Rabbah of the Ammonites;
It shall be a desolate mound,
And her [n]villages shall be burned with fire.
Then Israel shall take possession of his inheritance,” says the Lord.

“Wail, O (BT)Heshbon, for Ai is plundered!
Cry, you daughters of Rabbah,
(BU)Gird yourselves with sackcloth!
Lament and run to and fro by the walls;
For [o]Milcom shall go into captivity
With his (BV)priests and his princes together.
Why (BW)do you boast in the valleys,
[p]Your flowing valley, O (BX)backsliding daughter?
Who trusted in her (BY)treasures, (BZ)saying,
‘Who will come against me?’
Behold, I will bring fear upon you,”
Says the Lord God of hosts,
“From all those who are around you;
You shall be driven out, everyone headlong,
And no one will gather those who wander off.
But (CA)afterward I will bring back
The captives of the people of Ammon,” says the Lord.

Judgment on Edom

(CB)Against Edom.

Thus says the Lord of hosts:

(CC)Is wisdom no more in Teman?
(CD)Has counsel perished from the prudent?
Has their wisdom (CE)vanished?
Flee, turn back, dwell in the depths, O inhabitants of (CF)Dedan!
For I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him,
The time that I will punish him.
(CG)If grape-gatherers came to you,
Would they not leave some gleaning grapes?
If thieves by night,
Would they not destroy until they have enough?
10 (CH)But I have made Esau bare;
I have uncovered his secret places,
And he shall not be able to hide himself.
His descendants are plundered,
His brethren and his neighbors,
And (CI)he is no more.
11 Leave your fatherless children,
I will preserve them alive;
And let your widows trust in Me.”

12 For thus says the Lord: “Behold, (CJ)those whose judgment was not to drink of the cup have assuredly drunk. And are you the one who will altogether go unpunished? You shall not go unpunished, but you shall surely drink of it. 13 For (CK)I have sworn by Myself,” says the Lord, “that (CL)Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a [q]waste, and a curse. And all its cities shall be perpetual [r]wastes.”

14 (CM)I have heard a message from the Lord,
And an ambassador has been sent to the nations:
“Gather together, come against her,
And rise up to battle!

15 “For indeed, I will make you small among nations,
Despised among men.
16 Your fierceness has deceived you,
The (CN)pride of your heart,
O you who dwell in the clefts of the rock,
Who hold the height of the hill!
(CO)Though you make your (CP)nest as high as the eagle,
(CQ)I will bring you down from there,” says the Lord.

17 “Edom also shall be an astonishment;
(CR)Everyone who goes by it will be astonished
And will hiss at all its plagues.
18 (CS)As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah
And their neighbors,” says the Lord,
“No one shall remain there,
Nor shall a son of man dwell in it.

19 “Behold,(CT) he shall come up like a lion from (CU)the [s]floodplain of the Jordan
Against the dwelling place of the strong;
But I will suddenly make him run away from her.
And who is a chosen man that I may appoint over her?
For (CV)who is like Me?
Who will arraign Me?
And (CW)who is that shepherd
Who will withstand Me?”

20 (CX)Therefore hear the counsel of the Lord that He has taken against Edom,
And His purposes that He has proposed against the inhabitants of Teman:
Surely the least of the flock shall [t]draw them out;
Surely He shall make their dwelling places desolate with them.
21 (CY)The earth shakes at the noise of their fall;
At the cry its noise is heard at the Red Sea.
22 Behold, (CZ)He shall come up and fly like the eagle,
And spread His wings over Bozrah;
The heart of the mighty men of Edom in that day shall be
Like the heart of a woman in birth pangs.


  1. Jeremiah 48:1 Heb. Misgab
  2. Jeremiah 48:2 A city of Moab
  3. Jeremiah 48:4 So with MT, Tg., Vg.; LXX Proclaim it in Zoar
  4. Jeremiah 48:6 Or Aroer, a city of Moab
  5. Jeremiah 48:11 Heb. uses masc. and fem. pronouns interchangeably in this chapter.
  6. Jeremiah 48:12 Lit. tippers of wine bottles
  7. Jeremiah 48:25 Strength
  8. Jeremiah 48:30 idle talk
  9. Jeremiah 48:31 So with DSS, LXX, Vg.; MT He
  10. Jeremiah 48:33 cease
  11. Jeremiah 48:34 Or The Third Eglath, an unknown city, Is. 15:5
  12. Jeremiah 48:35 Places for pagan worship
  13. Jeremiah 49:1 Heb. Malcam, lit. their king; an Ammonite god, 1 Kin. 11:5; Molech, Lev. 18:21
  14. Jeremiah 49:2 Lit. daughters
  15. Jeremiah 49:3 See v. 1
  16. Jeremiah 49:4 Lit. Your valley is flowing
  17. Jeremiah 49:13 ruin
  18. Jeremiah 49:13 ruins
  19. Jeremiah 49:19 Or thicket
  20. Jeremiah 49:20 Or drag them away

Preach the Word

I (A)charge you [a]therefore before God and the Lord Jesus Christ, (B)who will judge the living and the dead [b]at His appearing and His kingdom: Preach the word! Be ready in season and out of season. (C)Convince, (D)rebuke, (E)exhort, with all longsuffering and teaching. (F)For the time will come when they will not endure (G)sound doctrine, (H)but according to their own desires, because they have itching ears, they will heap up for themselves teachers; and they will turn their ears away from the truth, and (I)be turned aside to fables. But you be watchful in all things, (J)endure afflictions, do the work of (K)an evangelist, fulfill your ministry.

Paul’s Valedictory

For (L)I am already being poured out as a drink offering, and the time of (M)my departure is at hand. (N)I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. Finally, there is laid up for me (O)the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous (P)Judge, will give to me (Q)on that Day, and not to me only but also to all who have loved His appearing.

The Abandoned Apostle

Be diligent to come to me quickly; 10 for (R)Demas has forsaken me, (S)having loved this present world, and has departed for Thessalonica—Crescens for Galatia, Titus for Dalmatia. 11 Only Luke is with me. Get (T)Mark and bring him with you, for he is useful to me for ministry. 12 And (U)Tychicus I have sent to Ephesus. 13 Bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas when you come—and the books, especially the parchments.

14 (V)Alexander the coppersmith did me much harm. May the Lord repay him according to his works. 15 You also must beware of him, for he has greatly resisted our words.

16 At my first defense no one stood with me, but all forsook me. (W)May it not be charged against them.

The Lord Is Faithful

17 (X)But the Lord stood with me and strengthened me, (Y)so that the message might be preached fully through me, and that all the Gentiles might hear. Also I was delivered (Z)out of the mouth of the lion. 18 (AA)And the Lord will deliver me from every evil work and preserve me for His heavenly kingdom. (AB)To Him be glory forever and ever. Amen!

Come Before Winter

19 Greet (AC)Prisca and Aquila, and the household of (AD)Onesiphorus. 20 (AE)Erastus stayed in Corinth, but (AF)Trophimus I have left in Miletus sick.

21 Do your utmost to come before winter.

Eubulus greets you, as well as Pudens, Linus, Claudia, and all the brethren.


22 The Lord [c]Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Grace be with you. Amen.

Read full chapter


  1. 2 Timothy 4:1 NU omits therefore
  2. 2 Timothy 4:1 NU and by
  3. 2 Timothy 4:22 NU omits Jesus Christ

A Call to Worship and Obedience

95 Oh come, let us sing to the Lord!
Let us shout joyfully to the Rock of our salvation.
Let us come before His presence with thanksgiving;
Let us shout joyfully to Him with (A)psalms.
For (B)the Lord is the great God,
And the great King above all gods.
[a]In His hand are the deep places of the earth;
The heights of the hills are His also.
(C)The sea is His, for He made it;
And His hands formed the dry land.

Oh come, let us worship and bow down;
Let (D)us kneel before the Lord our Maker.
For He is our God,
And (E)we are the people of His pasture,
And the sheep [b]of His hand.

(F)Today, if you will hear His voice:
“Do not harden your hearts, as in the [c]rebellion,
(G)As in the day of [d]trial in the wilderness,
When (H)your fathers tested Me;
They tried Me, though they (I)saw My work.
10 For (J)forty years I was [e]grieved with that generation,
And said, ‘It is a people who go astray in their hearts,
And they do not know My ways.’
11 So (K)I swore in My wrath,
‘They shall not enter My rest.’ ”

A Song of Praise to God Coming in Judgment(L)

96 Oh, (M)sing to the Lord a new song!
Sing to the Lord, all the earth.
Sing to the Lord, bless His name;
Proclaim the good news of His salvation from day to day.
Declare His glory among the [f]nations,
His wonders among all peoples.

For (N)the Lord is great and (O)greatly to be praised;
(P)He is to be feared above all gods.
For (Q)all the gods of the peoples are idols,
(R)But the Lord made the heavens.
Honor and majesty are before Him;
Strength and (S)beauty are in His sanctuary.

(T)Give[g] to the Lord, O families of the peoples,
Give to the Lord glory and strength.
[h]Give to the Lord the glory due His name;
Bring an offering, and come into His courts.
Oh, worship the Lord (U)in the beauty of holiness!
Tremble before Him, all the earth.

10 Say among the [i]nations, (V)“The Lord reigns;
The world also is firmly established,
It shall not be [j]moved;
(W)He shall judge the peoples righteously.”

11 (X)Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad;
(Y)Let the sea roar, and [k]all its fullness;
12 Let the field be joyful, and all that is in it.
Then all the trees of the woods will rejoice
13     before the Lord.
For He is coming, for He is coming to judge the earth.
(Z)He shall judge the world with righteousness,
And the peoples with His truth.


  1. Psalm 95:4 In His possession
  2. Psalm 95:7 Under His care
  3. Psalm 95:8 Or Meribah, lit. Strife, Contention
  4. Psalm 95:8 Or Massah, lit. Trial, Testing
  5. Psalm 95:10 disgusted
  6. Psalm 96:3 Gentiles
  7. Psalm 96:7 Ascribe
  8. Psalm 96:8 Ascribe
  9. Psalm 96:10 Gentiles
  10. Psalm 96:10 shaken
  11. Psalm 96:11 all that is in it

Like a thorn that goes into the hand of a drunkard
Is a proverb in the mouth of fools.
10 [a]The great God who formed everything
Gives the fool his hire and the transgressor his wages.
11 (A)As a dog returns to his own vomit,
(B)So a fool repeats his folly.
12 (C)Do you see a man wise in his own eyes?
There is more hope for a fool than for him.

Read full chapter


  1. Proverbs 26:10 Heb. difficult in v. 10; ancient and modern translators differ greatly

Bible Gateway Recommends