Jacob Blesses Joseph’s Sons(A)

48 Now it came to pass after these things that Joseph was told, “Indeed your father is sick”; and he took with him his two sons, (B)Manasseh and Ephraim. And Jacob was told, “Look, your son Joseph is coming to you”; and Israel [a]strengthened himself and sat up on the bed. Then Jacob said to Joseph: “God (C)Almighty appeared to me at (D)Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me, and said to me, ‘Behold, I will (E)make you fruitful and multiply you, and I will make of you a multitude of people, and (F)give this land to your descendants after you (G)as an everlasting possession.’ And now your (H)two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you in Egypt, are mine; as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine. Your [b]offspring [c]whom you beget after them shall be yours; they will be called by the name of their brothers in their inheritance. But as for me, when I came from Padan, (I)Rachel died beside me in the land of Canaan on the way, when there was but a little distance to go to Ephrath; and I buried her there on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem).”

Then Israel saw Joseph’s sons, and said, “Who are these?”

Joseph said to his father, “They are my sons, whom God has given me in this place.

And he said, “Please bring them to me, and (J)I will bless them.” 10 Now (K)the eyes of Israel were dim with age, so that he could not see. Then Joseph brought them near him, and he (L)kissed them and embraced them. 11 And Israel said to Joseph, (M)“I had not thought to see your face; but in fact, God has also shown me your offspring!”

12 So Joseph brought them from beside his knees, and he bowed down with his face to the earth. 13 And Joseph took them both, Ephraim with his right hand toward Israel’s left hand, and Manasseh with his left hand toward Israel’s right hand, and brought them near him. 14 Then Israel stretched out his right hand and (N)laid it on Ephraim’s head, who was the younger, and his left hand on Manasseh’s head, (O)guiding his hands knowingly, for Manasseh was the (P)firstborn. 15 And (Q)he blessed Joseph, and said:

“God, (R)before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked,
The God who has fed me all my life long to this day,
16 The Angel (S)who has redeemed me from all evil,
Bless the lads;
Let (T)my name be named upon them,
And the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac;
And let them (U)grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.”

17 Now when Joseph saw that his father (V)laid his right hand on the head of Ephraim, it displeased him; so he took hold of his father’s hand to remove it from Ephraim’s head to Manasseh’s head. 18 And Joseph said to his father, “Not so, my father, for this one is the firstborn; put your right hand on his head.”

19 But his father refused and said, (W)“I know, my son, I know. He also shall become a people, and he also shall be great; but truly (X)his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his descendants shall become a multitude of nations.”

20 So he blessed them that day, saying, (Y)“By you Israel will bless, saying, ‘May God make you as Ephraim and as Manasseh!’ ” And thus he set Ephraim before Manasseh.

21 Then Israel said to Joseph, “Behold, I am dying, but (Z)God will be with you and bring you back to the land of your fathers. 22 Moreover (AA)I have given to you one [d]portion above your brothers, which I took from the hand (AB)of the Amorite with my sword and my bow.”

Jacob’s Last Words to His Sons

49 And Jacob called his sons and said, “Gather together, that I may (AC)tell you what shall befall you (AD)in the last days:

“Gather together and hear, you sons of Jacob,
And listen to Israel your father.

“Reuben, you are (AE)my firstborn,
My might and the beginning of my strength,
The excellency of dignity and the excellency of power.
Unstable as water, you shall not excel,
Because you (AF)went up to your father’s bed;
Then you defiled it
He went up to my couch.

“Simeon and Levi are brothers;
Instruments of [e]cruelty are in their dwelling place.
(AG)Let not my soul enter their council;
Let not my honor be united (AH)to their assembly;
(AI)For in their anger they slew a man,
And in their self-will they [f]hamstrung an ox.
Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce;
And their wrath, for it is cruel!
(AJ)I will divide them in Jacob
And scatter them in Israel.

“Judah,(AK) you are he whom your brothers shall praise;
(AL)Your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies;
(AM)Your father’s children shall bow down before you.
Judah is (AN)a lion’s whelp;
From the prey, my son, you have gone up.
(AO)He [g]bows down, he lies down as a lion;
And as a lion, who shall rouse him?
10 (AP)The [h]scepter shall not depart from Judah,
Nor (AQ)a lawgiver from between his feet,
(AR)Until Shiloh comes;
(AS)And to Him shall be the obedience of the people.
11 Binding his donkey to the vine,
And his donkey’s colt to the choice vine,
He washed his garments in wine,
And his clothes in the blood of grapes.
12 His eyes are darker than wine,
And his teeth whiter than milk.

13 “Zebulun(AT) shall dwell by the haven of the sea;
He shall become a haven for ships,
And his border shall (AU)adjoin Sidon.

14 “Issachar(AV) is a strong donkey,
Lying down between two burdens;
15 He saw that rest was good,
And that the land was pleasant;
He bowed (AW)his shoulder to bear a burden,
And became a band of slaves.

16 “Dan(AX) shall judge his people
As one of the tribes of Israel.
17 (AY)Dan shall be a serpent by the way,
A viper by the path,
That bites the horse’s heels
So that its rider shall fall backward.
18 (AZ)I have waited for your salvation, O Lord!

19 “Gad,(BA)[i] a troop shall [j]tramp upon him,
But he shall triumph at last.

20 “Bread from (BB)Asher shall be rich,
And he shall yield royal dainties.

21 “Naphtali(BC) is a deer let loose;
He uses beautiful words.

22 “Joseph is a fruitful bough,
A fruitful bough by a well;
His branches run over the wall.
23 The archers have (BD)bitterly grieved him,
Shot at him and hated him.
24 But his (BE)bow remained in strength,
And the arms of his hands were [k]made strong
By the hands of (BF)the Mighty God of Jacob
(BG)(From there (BH)is the Shepherd, (BI)the Stone of Israel),
25 (BJ)By the God of your father who will help you,
(BK)And by the Almighty (BL)who will bless you
With blessings of heaven above,
Blessings of the deep that lies beneath,
Blessings of the breasts and of the womb.
26 The blessings of your father
Have excelled the blessings of my ancestors,
(BM)Up to the utmost bound of the everlasting hills.
(BN)They shall be on the head of Joseph,
And on the crown of the head of him who was separate from his brothers.

27 “Benjamin is a (BO)ravenous wolf;
In the morning he shall devour the prey,
(BP)And at night he shall divide the spoil.”

28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father spoke to them. And he blessed them; he blessed each one according to his own blessing.

Jacob’s Death and Burial

29 Then he charged them and said to them: “I (BQ)am to be gathered to my people; (BR)bury me with my fathers (BS)in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, 30 in the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre in the land of Canaan, (BT)which Abraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite as a possession for a burial place. 31 (BU)There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife, (BV)there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife, and there I buried Leah. 32 The field and the cave that is there were purchased from the sons of Heth.” 33 And when Jacob had finished commanding his sons, he drew his feet up into the bed and breathed his last, and was gathered to his people.


  1. Genesis 48:2 Collected his strength
  2. Genesis 48:6 children
  3. Genesis 48:6 Who are born to you
  4. Genesis 48:22 Lit. shoulder
  5. Genesis 49:5 violence
  6. Genesis 49:6 lamed
  7. Genesis 49:9 couches
  8. Genesis 49:10 A symbol of kingship
  9. Genesis 49:19 Lit. Troop
  10. Genesis 49:19 Lit. raid
  11. Genesis 49:24 Or supple

Jesus Heals Great Multitudes(A)

29 (B)Jesus departed from there, (C)skirted the Sea of Galilee, and went up on the mountain and sat down there. 30 (D)Then great multitudes came to Him, having with them the lame, blind, mute, [a]maimed, and many others; and they laid them down at Jesus’ (E)feet, and He healed them. 31 So the multitude marveled when they saw the mute speaking, the [b]maimed made whole, the lame walking, and the blind seeing; and they (F)glorified the God of Israel.

Feeding the Four Thousand(G)

32 (H)Now Jesus called His disciples to Himself and said, “I have compassion on the multitude, because they have now continued with Me three days and have nothing to eat. And I do not want to send them away hungry, lest they faint on the way.”

33 (I)Then His disciples said to Him, “Where could we get enough bread in the wilderness to fill such a great multitude?”

34 Jesus said to them, “How many loaves do you have?”

And they said, “Seven, and a few little fish.”

35 So He commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground. 36 And (J)He took the seven loaves and the fish and (K)gave thanks, broke them and gave them to His disciples; and the disciples gave to the multitude. 37 So they all ate and were filled, and they took up seven large baskets full of the fragments that were left. 38 Now those who ate were four thousand men, besides women and children. 39 (L)And He sent away the multitude, got into the boat, and came to the region of [c]Magdala.

The Pharisees and Sadducees Seek a Sign(M)

16 Then the (N)Pharisees and Sadducees came, and testing Him asked that He would show them a sign from heaven. He answered and said to them, “When it is evening you say, ‘It will be fair weather, for the sky is red’; and in the morning, ‘It will be foul weather today, for the sky is red and threatening.’ [d]Hypocrites! You know how to discern the face of the sky, but you cannot discern the signs of the times. (O)A wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign shall be given to it except the sign of [e]the prophet Jonah.” And He left them and departed.

The Leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees(P)

Now (Q)when His disciples had come to the other side, they had forgotten to take bread. Then Jesus said to them, (R)“Take heed and beware of the [f]leaven of the Pharisees and the Sadducees.”

And they reasoned among themselves, saying, “It is because we have taken no bread.”

But Jesus, being aware of it, said to them, “O you of little faith, why do you reason among yourselves because you [g]have brought no bread? (S)Do you not yet understand, or remember the five loaves of the five thousand and how many baskets you took up? 10 (T)Nor the seven loaves of the four thousand and how many large baskets you took up? 11 How is it you do not understand that I did not speak to you concerning bread?—but to beware of the [h]leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.” 12 Then they understood that He did not tell them to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the [i]doctrine of the Pharisees and Sadducees.


  1. Matthew 15:30 crippled
  2. Matthew 15:31 crippled
  3. Matthew 15:39 NU Magadan
  4. Matthew 16:3 NU omits Hypocrites
  5. Matthew 16:4 NU omits the prophet
  6. Matthew 16:6 yeast
  7. Matthew 16:8 NU have no bread
  8. Matthew 16:11 yeast
  9. Matthew 16:12 teaching

The Assurance of God’s Saving Work

To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.

20 May the Lord answer you in the day of trouble;
May the name of the God of Jacob [a]defend you;
May He send you help from the sanctuary,
And strengthen you out of Zion;
May He remember all your offerings,
And accept your burnt sacrifice. Selah

May He grant you according to your heart’s desire,
And (A)fulfill all your [b]purpose.
We will rejoice in your salvation,
And in the name of our God we will set up our banners!
May the Lord fulfill all your petitions.

Now I know that the Lord saves His [c]anointed;
He will answer him from His holy heaven
With the saving strength of His right hand.

Some trust in chariots, and some in (B)horses;
But we will remember the name of the Lord our God.
They have bowed down and fallen;
But we have risen and stand upright.

Save, Lord!
May the King answer us when we call.

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  1. Psalm 20:1 Lit. set you on high
  2. Psalm 20:4 counsel
  3. Psalm 20:6 Commissioned one, Heb. messiah

20 My son, give attention to my words;
Incline your ear to my sayings.
21 Do not let them depart from your eyes;
Keep them in the midst of your heart;
22 For they are life to those who find them,
And health to all their flesh.
23 Keep your heart with all diligence,
For out of it spring the issues of (A)life.
24 Put away from you a [a]deceitful mouth,
And put perverse lips far from you.
25 Let your eyes look straight ahead,
And your eyelids look right before you.
26 Ponder the path of your (B)feet,
And let all your ways be established.
27 Do not turn to the right or the left;
Remove your foot from evil.

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  1. Proverbs 4:24 devious

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