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18 Yahweh’s word came to me again, saying, “What do you mean, that you use this proverb concerning the land of Israel, saying,

‘The fathers have eaten sour grapes,
    and the children’s teeth are set on edge’?

“As I live,” says the Lord Yahweh, “you shall not use this proverb any more in Israel. Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine. The soul who sins, he shall die.

“But if a man is just,
    and does that which is lawful and right,
and has not eaten on the mountains,
    hasn’t lifted up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel,
hasn’t defiled his neighbor’s wife,
    hasn’t come near a woman in her impurity,
and has not wronged any,
    but has restored to the debtor his pledge,
has taken nothing by robbery,
    has given his bread to the hungry,
    and has covered the naked with a garment;
he who hasn’t lent to them with interest,
    hasn’t taken any increase from them,
who has withdrawn his hand from iniquity,
    has executed true justice between man and man,
has walked in my statutes,
    and has kept my ordinances,
    to deal truly;
he is just,
    he shall surely live,” says the Lord Yahweh.

10 “If he fathers a son who is a robber who sheds blood, and who does any one of these things, 11 or who does not do any of those things,

but even has eaten at the mountain shrines,
    and defiled his neighbor’s wife,
12 has wronged the poor and needy,
    has taken by robbery,
has not restored the pledge,
    and has lifted up his eyes to the idols,
    has committed abomination,
13 has lent with interest,
    and has taken increase from the poor;

shall he then live? He shall not live. He has done all these abominations. He shall surely die. His blood will be on him.

14 “Now, behold, if he fathers a son, who sees all his father’s sins, which he has done, and fears, and does not such like;

15 who hasn’t eaten on the mountains,
    hasn’t lifted up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel,
    hasn’t defiled his neighbor’s wife,
16 hasn’t wronged any,
    hasn’t taken anything to pledge,
hasn’t taken by robbery,
    but has given his bread to the hungry,
    and has covered the naked with a garment;
17 who has withdrawn his hand from the poor,
    who hasn’t received interest or increase,
has executed my ordinances,
    has walked in my statutes;

he shall not die for the iniquity of his father. He shall surely live. 18 As for his father, because he cruelly oppressed, robbed his brother, and did that which is not good among his people, behold, he will die in his iniquity.

19 “Yet you say, ‘Why doesn’t the son bear the iniquity of the father?’ When the son has done that which is lawful and right, and has kept all my statutes, and has done them, he will surely live. 20 The soul who sins, he shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son. The righteousness of the righteous shall be on him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be on him.

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