Israel Multiplies in Egypt

Now these are the (A)names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob; they came, each one [a]with his household: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah; Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin; Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. [b]All the people who descended from Jacob were (B)seventy [c]people, but Joseph was already in Egypt. And (C)Joseph died, and all his brothers and all that generation. But the sons of Israel (D)were fruitful and [d]increased greatly, and multiplied, and became exceedingly [e]mighty, so that the land was filled with them.

Now a new (E)king arose over Egypt, who did not know Joseph. And (F)he said to his people, “Behold, the people of the sons of Israel are [f]too many and too mighty for us. 10 Come, let us (G)deal [g]shrewdly with them, otherwise they will multiply, and [h]in the event of war, they will also join those who hate us, and fight against us and [i]depart from the land.” 11 So they appointed (H)taskmasters over them to oppress them with [j](I)hard labor. And they built for Pharaoh (J)storage cities, Pithom and (K)Raamses. 12 But the more they oppressed them, (L)the more they multiplied and the more they [k]spread out, so that they dreaded the sons of Israel. 13 The Egyptians [l]used violence to compel the sons of Israel (M)to labor; 14 and they made (N)their lives bitter with hard labor in mortar and bricks and at all kinds of labor in the field, all their labors which they violently had them perform as slaves.

15 Then the king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, one of whom [m]was named Shiphrah, and the other [n]was named Puah; 16 and he said, “When you are helping the Hebrew women to give birth and see them upon the birthstool, (O)if it is a son, then you shall put him to death; but if it is a daughter, then she shall live.” 17 But the midwives [o](P)feared God, and (Q)did not do as the king of Egypt had [p]commanded them, but let the boys live. 18 So the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this thing, and let the boys live?” 19 The midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women; for they are vigorous and give birth before the midwife [q]can get to them.” 20 So (R)God was good to the midwives, and (S)the people multiplied, and became very [r]mighty. 21 And because the midwives [s](T)feared God, He [t](U)established [u]households for them. 22 Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, “(V)Every son who is born, [v]you are to throw into (W)the Nile, but every daughter, you are to keep alive.”

The Birth of Moses

Now a man from (X)the house of Levi went and [w]married a daughter of Levi. And the woman conceived and gave birth to a son; and when she saw [x]that he was [y](Y)beautiful, she hid him for three months. But when she could no longer hide him, she got him a (Z)papyrus [z]basket and covered it with tar and pitch. Then she put the child in it and set it among the (AA)reeds by the bank of the Nile. (AB)And his sister stood at a distance to [aa]find out what would [ab]happen to him.

Now the daughter of Pharaoh came down (AC)to bathe at the Nile, with her female attendants walking alongside the Nile; and she saw the [ac]basket among the reeds and sent her slave woman, and she brought it to her. When she opened it, she [ad]saw the child, and behold, the boy was crying. And she had pity on him and said, “This is one of the Hebrews’ children.” Then his sister said to Pharaoh’s daughter, “Shall I go and call a woman for you who is nursing from the Hebrew women, so that she may nurse the child for you?” Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Go ahead.” So the girl went and called the child’s mother. Then Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Take this child away and nurse him for me, and I will give you your wages.” So the woman took the child and nursed him. 10 And the child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter and (AD)he became her son. And she named him [ae]Moses, and said, “Because I drew him out of the water.”

11 Now it came about in those days, (AE)when Moses had grown up, that he went out to his [af]fellow Hebrews and looked at their [ag](AF)hard labors; and (AG)he saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew, one of his [ah]fellow Hebrews. 12 So he [ai]looked this way and that, and when he saw that there was no one around, he (AH)struck and killed the Egyptian, and hid [aj]his body in the sand. 13 Now he went out (AI)the next day, and behold, two Hebrews were [ak]fighting with each other; and he said to the [al]offender, “Why are you striking your companion?” 14 But he said, “(AJ)Who made you a [am]ruler and a judge over us? Do you [an]intend to kill me as you killed the Egyptian?” Then Moses was afraid and said, “Surely the matter has become known!”

Moses Escapes to Midian

15 When Pharaoh heard about this matter, he tried to kill Moses. But (AK)Moses fled from the presence of Pharaoh and [ao]settled in the land of Midian, and he sat down (AL)by a well.

16 Now (AM)the priest of Midian had seven daughters; and (AN)they came to draw water and filled the troughs to water their father’s flock. 17 Then the shepherds came and drove them away, but (AO)Moses stood up and helped them and watered their flock. 18 When they came to their father (AP)Reuel, he said, “Why have you come back so soon today?” 19 They said, “An Egyptian saved us from [ap]the shepherds, and what is more, he even drew water for us and watered the flock.” 20 So he said to his daughters, “Where is he then? Why is it that you have left the man behind? Invite him [aq]to have something to eat.” 21 And (AQ)Moses was willing to live with the man. And he gave his daughter (AR)Zipporah to Moses. 22 Then she gave birth to (AS)a son, and he named him [ar]Gershom, for he said, “I have been (AT)a stranger in a foreign land.”

23 Now it came about in the course of those many days that the king of Egypt died. And the sons of Israel (AU)groaned because of the bondage, and they cried out; and (AV)their cry for help because of their bondage ascended to God. 24 So (AW)God heard their groaning; and God remembered (AX)His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. 25 And (AY)God saw the sons of Israel, and God [as]took notice of them.

The Burning Bush

Now Moses was pasturing the flock of his father-in-law (AZ)Jethro, the priest of Midian; and he led the flock to the [at]west side of the wilderness and came to (BA)Horeb, the (BB)mountain of God. Then (BC)the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a blazing fire from the midst of [au]a (BD)bush; and he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire, yet the bush was not being consumed. So Moses said, “(BE)I must turn aside and see this [av]marvelous sight, why the bush is not burning up!” When the Lord saw that he turned aside to look, (BF)God called to him from the midst of the bush and said, “Moses, Moses!” And he said, “Here I am.” Then He said, “Do not come near here; (BG)remove your sandals from your feet, for the place on which you are standing is holy ground.” And He said, “(BH)I am the God of your father—the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” (BI)Then Moses hid his face, for he was (BJ)afraid to look at God.

And the Lord said, “I have certainly (BK)seen the oppression of My people who are in Egypt, and have heard their outcry because of their taskmasters, for I am aware of their sufferings. So I have come down (BL)to rescue them from the [aw]power of the Egyptians, and to bring them up from that land to a (BM)good and spacious land, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of (BN)the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite. And now, behold, (BO)the cry of the sons of Israel has come to Me; furthermore, I have seen the oppression with which the Egyptians are oppressing them.

The Mission of Moses

10 And now come, and I will send you to Pharaoh, (BP)so that you may bring My people, the sons of Israel, out of Egypt.” 11 But Moses said to God, “(BQ)Who am I, that I should go to Pharaoh, and that I should bring the sons of Israel out of Egypt?” 12 And He said, “Assuredly (BR)I will be with you, and this shall be the sign to you that it is I who have sent you: (BS)when you have brought the people out of Egypt, (BT)you shall [ax]worship God at this mountain.”

13 Then Moses said to God, “Behold, I am going to the sons of Israel, and I will say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you.’ Now they may say to me, ‘What is His name?’ What shall I say to them?” 14 And God said to Moses, “[ay](BU)I AM WHO [az]I AM”; and He said, “This is what you shall say to the sons of Israel: ‘[ba]I AM has sent me to you.’” 15 God furthermore said to Moses, “This is what you shall say to the sons of Israel: ‘(BV)The Lord, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you.’ This is My name forever, and this is the [bb](BW)name for [bc]all generations to use to call upon Me. 16 Go and (BX)gather the elders of Israel together and say to them, ‘(BY)The Lord, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob has appeared to me, saying, “[bd](BZ)I am indeed concerned about you and what has been done to you in Egypt. 17 So (CA)I said, I will bring you up out of the oppression of Egypt to the land of (CB)the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, to a land (CC)flowing with milk and honey.”’ 18 Then (CD)they will [be]pay attention to what you say; and (CE)you with the elders of Israel will come to the king of Egypt, and you will say to him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us. So now, please let us go a (CF)three days’ journey into the wilderness, so that we may sacrifice to the Lord our God.’ 19 But I know that the king of Egypt (CG)will not permit you to go, (CH)except [bf]under compulsion. 20 So I will reach out with (CI)My hand and strike Egypt with all My (CJ)miracles which I shall do in the midst of it; and (CK)after that he will let you go. 21 I will grant this people (CL)favor in the sight of the Egyptians; and it shall be that when you go, you will not go empty-handed. 22 But every woman (CM)shall ask her neighbor and the woman who lives in her house for articles of silver and articles of gold, and clothing; and you will put them on your sons and daughters. So you will (CN)plunder the Egyptians.”


  1. Exodus 1:1 Lit and
  2. Exodus 1:5 Lit Every soul
  3. Exodus 1:5 Lit souls
  4. Exodus 1:7 Lit swarmed
  5. Exodus 1:7 Or numerous
  6. Exodus 1:9 Or more and mightier than we
  7. Exodus 1:10 Or wisely
  8. Exodus 1:10 Lit it will come about when war occurs that
  9. Exodus 1:10 Lit go up from
  10. Exodus 1:11 Lit their burdens
  11. Exodus 1:12 Lit broke forth
  12. Exodus 1:13 Lit with violence compelled
  13. Exodus 1:15 Lit the name was
  14. Exodus 1:15 Lit the name was
  15. Exodus 1:17 Or revered
  16. Exodus 1:17 Lit spoken to
  17. Exodus 1:19 Lit comes to
  18. Exodus 1:20 Or numerous
  19. Exodus 1:21 Or revered
  20. Exodus 1:21 Lit made
  21. Exodus 1:21 Or families
  22. Exodus 1:22 Some ancient versions insert to the Hebrews
  23. Exodus 2:1 Lit took
  24. Exodus 2:2 Lit him that
  25. Exodus 2:2 Lit good
  26. Exodus 2:3 Or chest
  27. Exodus 2:4 Lit know
  28. Exodus 2:4 Lit be done
  29. Exodus 2:5 Or chest
  30. Exodus 2:6 Heb saw it, the child
  31. Exodus 2:10 Heb Mosheh, from a verb meaning to draw out
  32. Exodus 2:11 Lit brothers
  33. Exodus 2:11 Lit burdens
  34. Exodus 2:11 Lit brothers
  35. Exodus 2:12 Lit turned
  36. Exodus 2:12 Lit him
  37. Exodus 2:13 Or quarreling
  38. Exodus 2:13 Or the guilty one
  39. Exodus 2:14 Lit man, a ruler
  40. Exodus 2:14 Lit say
  41. Exodus 2:15 Lit dwelt
  42. Exodus 2:19 Lit the hand of the
  43. Exodus 2:20 Lit that he may eat bread
  44. Exodus 2:22 Cf. Heb ger sham, a stranger there
  45. Exodus 2:25 Lit knew them
  46. Exodus 3:1 Or rear part
  47. Exodus 3:2 Lit the
  48. Exodus 3:3 Lit great
  49. Exodus 3:8 Lit hand
  50. Exodus 3:12 Or serve
  51. Exodus 3:14 Related to the name of God, YHWH, rendered Lord, which is derived from the verb HAYAH, to be
  52. Exodus 3:14 Related to the name of God, YHWH, rendered Lord, which is derived from the verb HAYAH, to be
  53. Exodus 3:14 Related to the name of God, YHWH, rendered Lord, which is derived from the verb HAYAH, to be
  54. Exodus 3:15 I.e., name used in prayer, vows, and ceremony
  55. Exodus 3:15 Lit generation of generation
  56. Exodus 3:16 Lit Visiting I have visited
  57. Exodus 3:18 Lit hear your voice
  58. Exodus 3:19 Lit by a strong hand

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