Consecration of the Firstborn

13 The Lord said to Moses, (A)“Consecrate to me all the firstborn. Whatever is the first to open the womb among the people of Israel, both of man and of beast, is mine.”

The Feast of Unleavened Bread

Then Moses said to the people, (B)“Remember this day in which you came out from Egypt, out of the house of slavery, (C)for by a strong hand the Lord brought you out from this place. (D)No leavened bread shall be eaten. Today, in the month of (E)Abib, you are going out. And when the Lord brings you into (F)the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which (G)he swore to your fathers to give you, a land (H)flowing with milk and honey, (I)you shall keep this service in this month. (J)Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall be a feast to the Lord. Unleavened bread shall be eaten for seven days; no leavened bread shall be seen with you, and no leaven shall be seen with you in all your territory. (K)You shall tell your son on that day, ‘It is because of what the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ And it shall (L)be to you as a sign on your hand and as (M)a memorial (N)between your eyes, that the law of the Lord may be in your mouth. For with a strong hand the Lord has brought you out of Egypt. 10 (O)You shall therefore keep this statute at its appointed time from year to year.

11 “When the Lord brings you into the land of the Canaanites, (P)as he swore to you and your fathers, and shall give it to you, 12 (Q)you shall set apart to the Lord all that first opens the womb. All the firstborn of your animals that are males shall be the Lord's. 13 (R)Every firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb, or if you will not redeem it you shall break its neck. Every (S)firstborn of man among your sons you shall redeem. 14 (T)And when in time to come your son asks you, ‘What does this mean?’ you shall say to him, (U)‘By a strong hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt, from the house of (V)slavery. 15 For when Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, the (W)Lord killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of animals. Therefore I sacrifice to the Lord all the males that first open the womb, but (X)all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.’ 16 (Y)It shall be as a mark on your hand or frontlets between your eyes, for (Z)by a strong hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt.”

Pillars of Cloud and Fire

17 When Pharaoh let the people go, God did (AA)not lead them by way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near. For God said, “Lest the people (AB)change their minds when they see war and return to Egypt.” 18 But God (AC)led the people around by the way of the wilderness toward the Red Sea. And the people of Israel went up out of the land of Egypt equipped for battle. 19 Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for Joseph[a] had made the sons of Israel solemnly swear, saying, (AD)“God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones with you from here.” 20 And (AE)they moved on from Succoth and encamped at Etham, on the edge of the wilderness. 21 And (AF)the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them along the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night. 22 The pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night did not depart from before the people.

Crossing the Red Sea

14 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell the people of Israel to (AG)turn back and encamp in front of Pi-hahiroth, between (AH)Migdol and the sea, in front of Baal-zephon; you shall encamp facing it, by the sea. For Pharaoh will say of the people of Israel, ‘They are wandering in the land; the wilderness has shut them in.’ And (AI)I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and he will pursue them, and I will (AJ)get glory over Pharaoh and all his host, (AK)and the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord.” And they did so.

When the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled, the (AL)mind of Pharaoh and his servants was changed toward the people, and they said, “What is this we have done, that we have let Israel go from serving us?” So he made ready his chariot and took his army with him, and took (AM)six hundred chosen chariots and all the other chariots of Egypt with officers over all of them. And (AN)the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued the people of Israel while (AO)the people of Israel were going out defiantly. The (AP)Egyptians pursued them, all Pharaoh's horses and chariots and his horsemen and his army, and overtook them (AQ)encamped at the sea, by Pi-hahiroth, in front of Baal-zephon.

10 When Pharaoh drew near, the people of Israel lifted up their eyes, and behold, the Egyptians were marching after them, and they feared greatly. And the people of Israel (AR)cried out to the Lord. 11 They (AS)said to Moses, “Is it because there are no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the wilderness? What have you done to us in bringing us out of Egypt? 12 Is not this what (AT)we said to you in Egypt: ‘Leave us alone that we may serve the Egyptians’? For it would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the wilderness.” 13 And Moses said to the people, (AU)“Fear not, stand firm, and see the salvation of the Lord, which he will work for you today. For (AV)the Egyptians whom you see today, you shall never see again. 14 (AW)The Lord will fight for you, and you have only (AX)to be silent.”

15 The Lord said to Moses, “Why do you cry to me? Tell the people of Israel to go forward. 16 (AY)Lift up your staff, and (AZ)stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it, that the people of Israel may go through the sea on dry ground. 17 And (BA)I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians so that they shall go in after them, and (BB)I will get glory over Pharaoh and all his host, his chariots, and his horsemen. 18 And the Egyptians (BC)shall know that I am the Lord, (BD)when I have gotten glory over Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.”

19 (BE)Then the angel of God who was going before the host of Israel moved and went behind them, and the pillar of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them, 20 coming between the host of Egypt and the host of Israel. And there was the cloud and the darkness. And it lit up the night[b] without one coming near the other all night.

21 Then Moses (BF)stretched out his hand over the sea, and the Lord drove the sea back by (BG)a strong east wind all night and (BH)made the sea dry land, and the waters were (BI)divided. 22 And (BJ)the people of Israel went into the midst of the sea on dry ground, the waters being (BK)a wall to them on their right hand and on their left. 23 The Egyptians pursued and went in after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. 24 And in the morning watch the Lord in the pillar of fire and of cloud looked down on the Egyptian forces and threw the Egyptian forces into a panic, 25 clogging[c] their chariot wheels so that they drove heavily. And the Egyptians said, “Let us flee from before Israel, for the (BL)Lord fights for them against the Egyptians.”

26 Then the Lord said to Moses, (BM)“Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the water may come back upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen.” 27 (BN)So Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the sea (BO)returned to its normal course when the morning appeared. And as the Egyptians fled into it, the Lord (BP)threw[d] the Egyptians into the midst of the sea. 28 The (BQ)waters returned and covered the chariots and the horsemen; of all the host of Pharaoh that had followed them into the sea, (BR)not one of them remained. 29 But the (BS)people of Israel walked on dry ground through the sea, the waters being a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.

30 Thus the Lord (BT)saved Israel that day from the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. 31 (BU)Israel saw the great power that the Lord used against the Egyptians, so the people feared the Lord, and they (BV)believed in the Lord and in his servant Moses.

The Song of Moses

15 Then Moses and the people of Israel (BW)sang this song to the Lord, saying,

(BX)“I will sing to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously;
    the horse and his rider[e] he has thrown into the sea.
(BY)The Lord is my strength and my (BZ)song,
    and he has become (CA)my salvation;
this is my God, and I will praise him,
    (CB)my father's God, and (CC)I will exalt him.
The Lord is (CD)a man of war;
    (CE)the Lord is his name.

(CF)“Pharaoh's chariots and his host he cast into the sea,
    and his chosen (CG)officers were sunk in the Red Sea.
The (CH)floods covered them;
    they (CI)went down into the depths like a stone.
(CJ)Your right hand, O Lord, glorious in power,
    your right hand, O Lord, (CK)shatters the enemy.
In the (CL)greatness of your majesty you overthrow your adversaries;
    you send out your fury; it (CM)consumes them like stubble.
At the (CN)blast of your nostrils the waters piled up;
    the (CO)floods stood up in a heap;
    the deeps congealed in the heart of the sea.
The enemy said, (CP)‘I will pursue, I will overtake,
    I (CQ)will divide the spoil, my desire shall have its fill of them.
    I will draw my sword; my hand shall destroy them.’
10 You (CR)blew with your wind; the (CS)sea covered them;
    they sank like lead in the mighty waters.

11 (CT)“Who is like you, O Lord, among the gods?
    Who is like you, majestic in holiness,
    awesome in (CU)glorious deeds, (CV)doing wonders?
12 You stretched out (CW)your right hand;
    the earth swallowed them.

13 “You have (CX)led in your steadfast love the people whom (CY)you have redeemed;
    you have (CZ)guided them by your strength to your holy abode.
14 (DA)The peoples have heard; they tremble;
    pangs have seized the inhabitants of Philistia.
15 Now are the chiefs of Edom (DB)dismayed;
    trembling seizes the leaders of (DC)Moab;
    (DD)all the inhabitants of Canaan have melted away.
16 Terror and (DE)dread fall upon them;
    because of the greatness of your arm, they are still (DF)as a stone,
till your people, O Lord, pass by,
    till the people pass by whom (DG)you have purchased.
17 You will bring them in and (DH)plant them on your own mountain,
    the place, O Lord, which you have made for your abode,
    (DI)the sanctuary, O Lord, which your hands have established.
18 (DJ)The Lord will reign forever and ever.”

19 For when (DK)the horses of Pharaoh with his chariots and his horsemen went into the sea, (DL)the Lord brought back the waters of the sea upon them, but the people of Israel walked on dry ground in the midst of the sea. 20 Then (DM)Miriam (DN)the prophetess, the (DO)sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand, and (DP)all the women went out after her with tambourines and dancing. 21 And Miriam sang to them:

(DQ)“Sing to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously;
the horse and his rider he has thrown into the sea.”

Bitter Water Made Sweet

22 Then Moses made Israel set out from the Red Sea, and they went into the wilderness of (DR)Shur. They went three days in the wilderness and found no water. 23 When they came to (DS)Marah, they could not drink the water of Marah because it was bitter; therefore it was named Marah.[f] 24 And the people (DT)grumbled against Moses, saying, “What shall we drink?” 25 And he (DU)cried to the Lord, and the Lord showed him a log,[g] and he (DV)threw it into the water, and the water became sweet.

There the Lord[h] made for them a statute and a rule, and there he (DW)tested them, 26 saying, (DX)“If you will diligently listen to the voice of the Lord your God, and do that which is right in his eyes, and give ear to his commandments and keep all his statutes, I will put none of the (DY)diseases on you that I put on the Egyptians, for I am the Lord, (DZ)your healer.”

27 Then (EA)they came to Elim, where there were twelve springs of water and seventy palm trees, and they encamped there by the water.

Bread from Heaven

16 They (EB)set out from Elim, and all the congregation of the people of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they had departed from the land of Egypt. And the whole congregation of the people of Israel (EC)grumbled against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness, and the people of Israel said to them, (ED)“Would that we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, (EE)when we sat by the meat pots and ate bread to the full, for you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger.”

Then the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I am about to rain (EF)bread from heaven for you, and the people shall go out and gather a day's portion every day, that I may (EG)test them, whether they will walk in my law or not. On the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, (EH)it will be twice as much as they gather daily.” So Moses and Aaron said to all the people of Israel, (EI)“At evening (EJ)you shall know that it was the Lord who brought you out of the land of Egypt, and in the morning you shall see the (EK)glory of the Lord, because he has heard your grumbling against the Lord. For (EL)what are we, that you grumble against us?” And Moses said, “When the Lord gives you in the evening meat to eat and in the morning bread to the full, because the Lord has heard your grumbling that you grumble against him—(EM)what are we? Your grumbling is not (EN)against us but against the Lord.”

Then Moses (EO)said to Aaron, “Say to the whole congregation of the people of Israel, (EP)‘Come near before the Lord, for he has heard your grumbling.’” 10 And as soon as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the people of Israel, they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the (EQ)glory of the Lord appeared in the cloud. 11 And the Lord said to Moses, 12 “I (ER)have heard the grumbling of the people of Israel. Say to them, ‘At (ES)twilight you shall eat meat, and (ET)in the morning you shall be filled with bread. Then you shall know that I am the Lord your God.’”

13 In the evening (EU)quail came up and covered the camp, and in the morning (EV)dew lay around the camp. 14 And when the dew had gone up, there was on the face of the wilderness a fine, flake-like thing, fine as frost on the ground. 15 When the people of Israel saw it, they said to one another, (EW)“What is it?”[i] For they (EX)did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, (EY)“It is the bread that the Lord has given you to eat. 16 This is what the Lord has commanded: ‘Gather of it, each one of you, as much as he can eat. You shall each take an (EZ)omer,[j] according to the number of the persons that each of you has in his tent.’” 17 And the people of Israel did so. They gathered, some more, some less. 18 But when they measured it with an omer, (FA)whoever gathered much had nothing left over, and whoever gathered little had no lack. Each of them gathered as much as he could eat. 19 And Moses said to them, “Let no one leave any of it over till the morning.” 20 But they did not listen to Moses. Some left part of it till the morning, and (FB)it bred worms and stank. And Moses was angry with them. 21 Morning by morning they gathered it, each as much as he could eat; but when the sun grew hot, it melted.

22 On (FC)the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers each. And when all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses, 23 he said to them, “This is what the Lord has commanded: ‘Tomorrow is a day of (FD)solemn rest, a holy Sabbath to the Lord; bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over lay aside to be kept till the morning.’” 24 So they laid it aside till the morning, as Moses commanded them, and (FE)it did not stink, and there were no worms in it. 25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for (FF)today is a Sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field. 26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, which is a Sabbath, there will be none.”

27 On the seventh day some of the people went out to gather, but they found none. 28 And the Lord said to Moses, (FG)“How long will you refuse to keep my commandments and my laws? 29 See! The Lord has given you the Sabbath; therefore on the sixth day he gives you bread for two days. Remain each of you in his place; let no one go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people (FH)rested on the seventh day.

31 Now the house of Israel called its name (FI)manna. It was (FJ)like coriander seed, white, and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey. 32 Moses said, “This is what the Lord has commanded: ‘Let an omer of it be kept throughout your generations, so that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.’” 33 And Moses said to Aaron, “Take a (FK)jar, and put an omer of manna in it, and place it before the Lord to be kept throughout your generations.” 34 As the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before (FL)the testimony to be kept. 35 The people of Israel (FM)ate the manna forty years, till they came to a habitable land. They ate the manna till (FN)they came to the border of the land of Canaan. 36 (An omer is (FO)the tenth part of an ephah.)[k]


  1. Exodus 13:19 Samaritan, Septuagint; Hebrew he
  2. Exodus 14:20 Septuagint and the night passed
  3. Exodus 14:25 Or binding (compare Samaritan, Septuagint, Syriac); Hebrew removing
  4. Exodus 14:27 Hebrew shook off
  5. Exodus 15:1 Or its chariot; also verse 21
  6. Exodus 15:23 Marah means bitterness
  7. Exodus 15:25 Or tree
  8. Exodus 15:25 Hebrew he
  9. Exodus 16:15 Or “It is manna”; Hebrew man hu
  10. Exodus 16:16 An omer was about 2 quarts or 2 liters
  11. Exodus 16:36 An ephah was about 3/5 bushel or 22 liters

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