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The word of the Lord that came to Zephaniah son of Cushi son of Gedaliah son of Amariah son of Hezekiah, in the days of King Josiah son of Amon of Judah.(A)

The Coming Judgment on Judah

I will utterly sweep away everything
    from the face of the earth, says the Lord.(B)
I will sweep away humans and animals;
    I will sweep away the birds of the air
    and the fish of the sea.
I will make the wicked stumble.[a]
    I will cut off humanity
    from the face of the earth, says the Lord.(C)
I will stretch out my hand against Judah
    and against all the inhabitants of Jerusalem,
and I will cut off from this place every remnant of Baal
    and the name of the idolatrous priests,[b](D)
those who bow down on the roofs
    to the host of the heavens,
those who bow down and swear to the Lord
    but also swear by Milcom,[c](E)
those who have turned back from following the Lord,
    who have not sought the Lord or inquired of him.(F)

Be silent before the Lord God,
    for the day of the Lord is at hand!
The Lord has prepared a sacrifice;
    he has consecrated his guests.(G)
And on the day of the Lord’s sacrifice
I will punish the officials and the king’s sons
    and all who dress themselves in foreign attire.(H)
On that day I will punish
    all who leap over the threshold,
who fill their master’s house
    with violence and fraud.(I)

10 On that day, says the Lord,
    a cry will be heard from the Fish Gate,
a wail from the Second Quarter,
    a loud crash from the hills.(J)
11 The inhabitants of the Mortar wail,
    for all the traders have perished;
    all who weigh out silver are cut off.
12 At that time I will search Jerusalem with lamps,
    and I will punish the people
who settle like dregs in wine,
    those who say in their hearts,
“The Lord will not do good,
    nor will he do harm.”(K)
13 Their wealth shall be plundered
    and their houses laid waste.
Though they build houses,
    they shall not inhabit them;
though they plant vineyards,
    they shall not drink wine from them.(L)

The Great Day of the Lord

14 The great day of the Lord is near,
    near and hastening fast;
the sound of the day of the Lord is bitter;
    the warrior cries aloud there.(M)
15 That day will be a day of wrath,
    a day of distress and anguish,
a day of ruin and devastation,
    a day of darkness and gloom,
a day of clouds and thick darkness,(N)
16     a day of trumpet blast and battle cry
against the fortified cities
    and against the lofty battlements.

17 I will bring such distress upon people
    that they shall walk like the blind;
    because they have sinned against the Lord,
their blood shall be poured out like dust
    and their flesh like dung.(O)
18 Neither their silver nor their gold
    will be able to save them
    on the day of the Lord’s wrath;
in the fire of his passion
    the whole earth shall be consumed,
for a full, a terrible end
    he will make of all the inhabitants of the earth.(P)

Judgment on Israel’s Enemies

Gather together, gather,
    O shameless nation,(Q)
before you are driven away[d]
    like the drifting chaff,[e]
before there comes upon you
    the fierce anger of the Lord,
before there comes upon you
    the day of the Lord’s wrath.(R)
Seek the Lord, all you humble of the land
    who do his commands;
seek righteousness, seek humility;
    perhaps you may be hidden
    on the day of the Lord’s wrath.(S)
For Gaza shall be deserted,
    and Ashkelon shall become a desolation;
Ashdod’s people shall be driven out at noon,
    and Ekron shall be uprooted.(T)

Woe, inhabitants of the seacoast,
    you nation of the Cherethites!
The word of the Lord is against you,
    O Canaan, land of the Philistines,
    and I will destroy you until no inhabitant is left.(U)
And you, O seacoast, shall be pastures,
    meadows for shepherds,
    and folds for flocks.(V)
The seacoast shall become the possession
    of the remnant of the house of Judah,
    on which they shall pasture,
and in the houses of Ashkelon
    they shall lie down at evening.
For the Lord their God will be mindful of them
    and restore their fortunes.(W)

I have heard the taunts of Moab
    and the revilings of the Ammonites,
how they have taunted my people
    and made boasts against their territory.(X)
Therefore, as I live, says the Lord of hosts,
    the God of Israel,
Moab shall become like Sodom
    and the Ammonites like Gomorrah,
a land possessed by nettles and salt pits
    and a waste forever.
The remnant of my people shall plunder them,
    and the survivors of my nation shall possess them.(Y)
10 This shall be their lot in return for their pride,
    because they scoffed and boasted
    against the people of the Lord of hosts.(Z)
11 The Lord will be terrible against them;
    he will shrivel all the gods of the earth,
and to him shall bow down
    each in its place,
    all the coasts and islands of the nations.(AA)

12 You also, O Cushites,
    shall be killed by my sword.(AB)

13 And he will stretch out his hand against the north
    and destroy Assyria,
and he will make Nineveh a desolation,
    a dry waste like the desert.(AC)
14 Herds shall lie down in it,
    every wild animal of the earth;[f]
the desert owl[g] and the screech owl[h]
    shall lodge on its capitals;
the owl[i] shall hoot at the window,
    the raven[j] croak on the threshold,
    for its cedar work will be laid bare.(AD)
15 Is this the exultant city
    that lived secure,
that said to itself,
    “I am, and there is no one else”?
What a desolation it has become,
    a lair for wild animals!
Everyone who passes by it
    hisses and shakes the fist.(AE)

The Wickedness of Jerusalem

Woe, soiled, defiled,
    oppressing city!(AF)
It has listened to no voice;
    it has accepted no correction.
It has not trusted in the Lord;
    it has not drawn near to its God.(AG)

The officials within it
    are roaring lions;
its judges are evening wolves
    that leave nothing until the morning.(AH)
Its prophets are reckless,
    faithless persons;
its priests have profaned what is sacred;
    they have done violence to the law.(AI)
The Lord within it is righteous;
    he does no wrong.
Every morning he renders his judgment,
    each dawn without fail,
    but the unjust knows no shame.(AJ)

I have cut off nations;
    their battlements are in ruins;
I have laid waste their streets
    so that no one walks in them;
their cities have been made desolate,
    without people, without inhabitants.(AK)
I said, “Surely the city[k] will fear me;
    it will accept correction;
it will not lose sight[l]
    of all that I have brought upon it.”
But they were the more eager
    to make all their deeds corrupt.(AL)

Punishment and Conversion of the Nations

Therefore wait for me, says the Lord,
    for the day when I arise as a witness.
For my decision is to gather nations,
    to assemble kingdoms,
to pour out upon them my indignation,
    all the heat of my anger,
for in the fire of my passion
    all the earth shall be consumed.(AM)

At that time I will change the speech of the peoples
    to a pure speech,
that all of them may call on the name of the Lord
    and serve him with one accord.(AN)
10 From beyond the rivers of Cush
    my suppliants, my scattered ones,
    shall bring my offering.(AO)

11 On that day you shall not be put to shame
    because of all the deeds by which you have rebelled against me;
for then I will remove from your midst
    your proudly exultant ones,
and you shall no longer be haughty
    in my holy mountain.(AP)
12 For I will leave in the midst of you
    a people humble and lowly.
They shall seek refuge in the name of the Lord(AQ)
13     the remnant of Israel;
they shall do no wrong
    and utter no lies,
nor shall a deceitful tongue
    be found in their mouths.
Then they will pasture and lie down,
    and no one shall make them afraid.(AR)

A Song of Joy

14 Sing aloud, O daughter Zion;
    shout, O Israel!
Rejoice and exult with all your heart,
    O daughter Jerusalem!(AS)
15 The Lord has taken away the judgments against you;
    he has turned away your enemies.
The king of Israel, the Lord, is in your midst;
    you shall fear disaster no more.(AT)
16 On that day it shall be said to Jerusalem:
“Do not fear, O Zion;
    do not let your hands grow weak.(AU)
17 The Lord, your God, is in your midst,
    a warrior who gives victory;
he will rejoice over you with gladness;
    he will renew you[m] in his love;
he will exult over you with loud singing(AV)
18     as on a day of festival.”[n]
I will remove disaster from you,[o]
    so that you will not bear reproach for it.
19 I will deal with all your oppressors
    at that time.
And I will save the lame
    and gather the outcast,
and I will change their shame into praise
    and renown in all the earth.(AW)
20 At that time I will bring you home,
    at the time when I gather you;
for I will make you renowned and praised
    among all the peoples of the earth,
when I restore your fortunes
    before your eyes, says the Lord.(AX)


  1. 1.3 Cn: Heb and those who cause the wicked to stumble
  2. 1.4 Compare Gk: Heb the idolatrous priests with the priests
  3. 1.5 Gk mss Syr Vg: Heb their king
  4. 2.2 Cn: Heb before a decree is born
  5. 2.2 Cn: Heb like chaff a day has passed away
  6. 2.14 Gk: Heb nation
  7. 2.14 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  8. 2.14 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  9. 2.14 Cn: Heb a voice
  10. 2.14 Gk Vg: Heb desolation
  11. 3.7 Heb it
  12. 3.7 Gk Syr: Heb its dwelling will not be cut off
  13. 3.17 Gk Syr: Heb he will be silent
  14. 3.18 Gk Syr: Meaning of Heb uncertain
  15. 3.18 Cn: Heb I will remove from you; they were