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SusannaWycliffe Bible (WYC)

A man was in Babylon, and his name was Joakim./Here beginneth an epistle of (or about) holy Susanna. In those days a man was in Babylon, and his name was Joakim. [A man was in Babylon, and the name of him Joakim.]

And he took a wife, Susanna by name, the daughter of Hilkiah, a woman full fair, and dreading the Lord.

Forsooth her father and mother, when they were rightful, taught their daughter[a] by the law of Moses. [Forsooth the father and mother of her, when they were just, learned their daughter after the law of Moses.]

Soothly Joakim was full rich, and had a garden nigh his house; and the Jews came to him, for he was the most worshipful of (or than) all (the others). [Forsooth Joakim was full rich, and to him was a garden nigh to his house; and Jews came together to him, for he was more honourable of all.]

And twain eld men were ordained to be judges in that year, of which the Lord spake, that wickedness went out of Babylon, of (or from) the elder judges, that seemed to govern the people. [And two old doomsmen be ordained in that year, of which the Lord spake, for wickedness went out of Babylon, of the elder judges which were seen for to rule the people.]

These judges used often the house of Joakim; and all men that had dooms came to them. [These often haunted the house of Joakim; and all that had dooms came to them.]

Forsooth when the people had (re)turned again (home) after midday, Susanna entered, and walked in the garden of her husband.

And the (two) elder men saw her entering each day, and walking; and they burnt out into the covetousness or concupiscence of (or for) her. [And the (two) elder men saw her each day entering, and walking; and they burned in the covetousness of her.]

And they turned away their wit, and bowed down their eyes, (so) that they saw not heaven, neither bethought on just dooms. [And they turned away their wit, and bowed away their eyes, that they should not see heaven, neither should have mind on just dooms.]

10 Soothly both were wounded by the love of (or for) her, and they showed not their sorrow to themselves together (or to each other); [Forsooth both were wounded in the love of her, neither showed to themselves their sorrow;]

11 for they were ashamed to show to themselves (or to each other) their covetousness or concupiscence, willing (or desiring) to lie fleshly by her. [forsooth they shamed for to show to themselves their covetousness, willing for to lie with her.]

12 And they espied each day more busily to see her. [And they espied each day busilier for to see her.]

13 And the one said to the tother, Go we home, for the hour of meat is.

14 And they went out, and parted from themselves. And when they had (re)turned again, they came into one place (or But then they returned again, and they came to the same place); and they asked each of (the) other (or each other) the cause, and they acknowledged their covetousness. And then in common they ordained a time, when they might find her alone.

15 Forsooth it was done, when they espied a covenable (or an opportune) day, she entered sometime, as yesterday and the third day ago, with two damsels alone, and would be washed in the garden; for why heat was (or it was hot).

16 And there was not any man (there)/And no man was there, except the two eld [or (the) two old] men hid, beholding her.

17 Therefore she said to the damsels, Bring ye to me oil, and ointments; and close the doors of the garden, (so) that I (can) be washed. [And she said to the maidens, Bring ye to me oil, and soap, or ointment; and shut ye the doors of the garden, that I be washed.]

18 And they did as she commanded; and they closed the doors of the garden, and went out by a postern (or by a back door), to bring those things that she had commanded. And they knew not, that the (two) eld [or the (two) old] men were hid within.

19 Soothly when the damsels were gone out, (the) twain eld men rised (up), and ran to her, and said, [Soothly when the damsels were gone out, the two old men rose, and ran to her, and said,]

20 Lo! the doors of the garden be closed, and no man seeth us, and we be in the covetousness or concupiscence of (or for) thee. Wherefore assent thou to us, and be thou meddled (or mingled) with us. [Lo! doors of the garden be closed, and no man seeth us, and we be in the covetousness of thee. Wherefore accord to us, and be joined with us.]

21 And if thou wilt not, we shall say witnessing against thee, that a young man was with thee, and for this cause thou sentest out the damsels from thee.

22 And Susanna inwardly sorrowed, and said, Anguishes be to me on each side; for if I do this (thing), death is to me; forsooth if I do (it) not, I shall not escape your hands. [And Susanna inwardly sorrowed, and saith, Anguishes be to me on each side; forsooth if I shall do this thing, death is to me; soothly if I shall not do, I shall not escape your hands.]

23 But it is better for me to fall into your hands, without work, than to do sin in the sight of the Lord. [But better it is to me for to fall without work into your hands, than for to sin in the sight of the Lord.]

24 And (then) Susanna cried with (a) great (or with a loud) voice, but also the eld men cried (out) against her. [And Susanna cried with a great voice, forsooth and the old men cried against her.]

25 Forsooth one ran, and opened the door of (or to) the garden. [Soothly the one ran, and opened the door of the garden.]

26 Soothly when the servants of the house had heard the cry in the garden, they fell in by the postern (or by the back door), to see what it was.

27 But after that the eld men spake, the servants were ashamed greatly, for never was such a word said of (or about) Susanna. [Forsooth after that the old men spake, the servants shamed greatly, for such word was never heard of Susanna.]

28 And the morrow day was made. And when the people was come to Joakim, her husband, also the two priests (or the two eld men) full of wicked thoughts came against Susanna, for to slay her. [And the morrow day is made. And when the people came to her husband Joakim, and the two priests (or the two old men) came full of evil thought against Susanna, for to slay her.]

29 And they said before all the people, Send ye to Susanna (or Send for Susanna), the daughter of Hilkiah, the wife of Joakim. And anon (or at once) they sent (for her).

30 And she came with her father, and mother, and children, and all [her] kinsmen.

31 And certainly Susanna was full delicate, either tender, and fair of shape. [Forsooth Susanna was full delicate, and fair of form, or shape.]

32 And those wicked men commanded, that she should be uncovered, for she was covered; that namely so (or so that namely) they should be filled of (or with) her fairness. [And those wicked men commanded, that she should be uncovered, soothly she was covered; that or so they were full-filled with fairness of her.]

33 Therefore her kinsmen wept, and all that knew her. [Therefore her nigh friends wept, and all that knew her.]

34 Forsooth the two priests (or the two old men) rised together in the midst of the people, and set their hands on the head of her. [Soothly (the) two priests rising together in (the) middle of the people, putted their hands upon the head of her.]

35 And she wept, and beheld to heaven, for her heart had trust in the Lord. [Which weeping beheld to heaven, forsooth the heart of her was having trust in the Lord.]

36 And the priests (or the two old men) said, When we walked alone in the garden, this Susanna entered with two damsels; and she closed the door of the garden, and let go the damsels. [And the priests said, When we walked alone in the garden, she this came in with two maidens; and closed the door of the garden, and left the damsels.]

37 And a young man, that was hid, came to her, and lay by her. [And a young man, that was hid, came to her, and did lechery with her.]

38 Certainly when we were in a corner of the garden, we saw the wickedness, and ran to them, [Forsooth we, when we were in a corner of the garden, seeing the wickedness, ran to them,]

39 and we saw them meddled together. And soothly we might not take (hold of) him, for he was stronger than we; and when he had opened the doors, he skipped out. [and we saw them for to be mingled together. And soothly we might not catch him, for he was stronger than we; and the doors opened, he leapt out.]

40 But when we had taken (hold of) this woman, we asked, who was the young man; and she would not show to us. Of this thing we be witnesses. [Soothly when we had caught this (woman), we asked, who was that young man; and she would not show to us. Of this thing we be witnesses.]

41 The multitude believed to them, as to (or because they were) the elder men and judges of the people, and condemned her to death.

42 Forsooth Susanna cried loud with (a) great voice, and said, Lord God, without beginning and end, thou art/that art (the) knower of hid things, that knowest all things before that they be done; [Forsooth Susanna cried with great voice, and said, Lord God everlasting, that art knower of hid things, that hast known all things before they be made;]

43 thou knowest, that they have borne false witnessing against me. And lo! I die, when I have not done any of these things, which these men have made (out) maliciously against me. [thou knowest, for they have borne false witnessing against me. And lo! I die, when I did nought of these things, which these (men) maliciously make together against me.]

44 Forsooth the Lord heard the voice of her.

45 And when she was led to the death, the Lord raised (up) the holy spirit of a young child (or of a young man), whose name was Daniel.

46 And he cried (out) loud with a great voice, I am clean of (or I am clear from) the blood of this woman.

47 And all the people turned again to(wards) him, and said, What is this word, which thou hast spoken? [And all the people together turned to him said, What is this word, whom thou hast spoken?]

48 And when he stood in the midst of them, he said, So ye, fond children of Israel, not deeming neither knowing that that is true, (have) condemned the daughter of Israel. [Which, when he stood in the middle of them, said, So ye, fools, sons of Israel, not deeming neither knowing that thing that is just, condemned the daughter of Israel.]

49 Turn ye again to the doom (or Return to the judgement seat), for they spake false witnessing against her. [Turn ye again to doom, for they have spoken false witnessing against her.]

50 Therefore the people (re)turned again with haste. And the (other) eld men of the people, not those two priests (or not those two old men), said to him, Come thou, and sit in the midst of us, and show (it) to us; for God hath given to thee the honour of (an) elder. [Therefore the people turned again with hieing. And the old men said to him, Come thou, and sit in (the) middle of us, and show thou to us; for God gave to thee honour of elder.]

51 And Daniel said to them, Part ye (or Separate) them atwain afar, and I shall deem them. [And Daniel said to them, Part ye them from atwain, or each from (the) other, far, and I shall wisely deem them.]

52 Therefore, when they were parted one from the other, he called one of them, and said to him, Thou eld man of evil days, now thy sins be come, which thou wroughtest before, [Therefore, when they were parted the tother from the tother, he called one of them, and said to him, Thou old of evil days, now thy sins come on thee, which thou wroughtest before,]

53 deeming unjust dooms, oppressing innocents, and delivering (or freeing) guilty men, when the Lord saith, Thou shalt not slay an innocent and just man. [deeming unjust dooms, oppressing innocents, and delivering (the) guilty, saying the Lord, Thou shalt not slay the innocent and just man.]

54 But now, if thou sawest her, say thou, under what tree thou sawest them speaking together to themselves (or with each other)? Which said, Under an haw(thorn) tree. [Now forsooth, if thou sawest her, say thou, under what tree thou saw them speaking to themselves (or to each other)? Which said, Under a sloe tree (or a blackthorn tree).]

55 Forsooth Daniel said, Rightly thou liest in (or against) thine (own) head; for lo! the angel of the Lord, by a sentence taken of (or from) him, shall cut thee by (or across) the middle. [Soothly Daniel said, Rightly thou liest into thine head; lo! forsooth an angel of the Lord, the sentence took of him, shall cut thee (across) the middle.]

56 And when he was (re)moved away, he commanded the tother to come, and said to him, Thou seed of Canaan, and not of Judah, fairness hath deceived thee, and covetousness hath mis-turned thine heart; [And him removed away, he commanded the tother for to come, and said to him, Seed of Canaan, and not of Judah, form, or fairness, deceived thee, and covetousness turned thine heart upside-down;]

57 thus ye did to (or with) the daughters of Israel, and they dreaded, and spake to (or with) you, but the daughter of Judah suffered not (or would not allow) your wickedness. [thus ye did to daughters of Israel, and they dreading spake with you, but the daughter of Judah suffered not your wickedness.]

58 Now therefore say to me, under what tree thou sawest them speaking together to themselves (or with each other)? Which said, Under a blackthorn (tree or shrub). [Now therefore say to me, under what tree thou sawest them speaking to themselves? Which saith, Under a plum tree.]

59 Forsooth Daniel said to him, Rightly also thou liest in (or against) thine (own) head; for the angel of the Lord dwelleth, and hath a sword, that he cut thee by (or across) the middle, and slay you. [Soothly Daniel said to him, Rightly and thou liest into thine head; forsooth an angel of the Lord dwelleth, having a sword, that he cut thee (across) the middle, and slay you.]

60 Therefore all the people cried (out) loud with (a) great voice, and blessed God, that saveth them that hope in him. [And so all the people cried with great voice, and blessed the Lord, that saveth men hoping in him.]

61 And they rised (up) together against the two priests (or the two old men); for Daniel had convicted them by (or with) their (own) mouth(s), (so) that they had borne false witnessing; [And they rose together against the two priests; soothly Daniel had convicted them of their mouth, for to have said false witnessing;]

62 and they did to them, as they had done evil (or had intended evilly to do) against the neighbouress, that they should do by the law of Moses, and they killed them. And (so) (the) guiltless blood was saved in that day. [and they did to them, as they had done evil against the neighbour, that they did after the law of Moses, and slew them. And the guiltless blood is saved in that day.]

63 Forsooth Hilkiah and his wife praised the Lord in that day for Susanna, their daughter, with Joakim, her husband, and with all her kinsmen, for a foul thing was not found in her. [Forsooth Hilkiah and his wife praised God in that day, for their daughter Susanna, with Joakim, her husband, and all her cousins, for foul thing was not found in her.]

64 Forsooth Daniel was made great in the sight of the people, from that day and afterward.

Footnotes:

  1. Susanna 1:3 Here fathers and mothers be admonished to teach by the law of God, not only their sons, but also their daughters.
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