Ruth’s Appeal to Boaz

Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, shouldn’t I find rest for you, so that you will be taken care of? Now isn’t Boaz our relative?(A) Haven’t you been working with his female servants? This evening he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. Wash, put on perfumed oil, and wear your best clothes. Go down to the threshing floor, but don’t let the man know you are there until he has finished eating and drinking. When he lies down, notice the place where he’s lying, go in and uncover his feet, and lie down. Then he will explain to you what you should do.”

So Ruth said to her, “I will do everything you say.”[a] She went down to the threshing floor and did everything her mother-in-law had charged her to do. After Boaz ate, drank, and was in good spirits, he went to lie down at the end of the pile of barley, and she came secretly, uncovered his feet, and lay down.

At midnight, Boaz was startled, turned over, and there lying at his feet was a woman! So he asked, “Who are you?”

“I am Ruth, your servant,” she replied. “Take me under your wing,[b](B) for you are a family redeemer.”(C)

10 Then he said, “May the Lord bless you,(D) my daughter. You have shown more kindness now than before,[c] because you have not pursued younger men, whether rich or poor. 11 Now don’t be afraid, my daughter. I will do for you whatever you say,[d] since all the people in my town[e] know that you are a woman of noble character.(E) 12 Yes, it is true that I am a family redeemer, but there is a redeemer closer than I am. 13 Stay here tonight, and in the morning, if he wants to redeem you, that’s good.(F) Let him redeem you. But if he doesn’t want to redeem you, as the Lord lives,(G) I will. Now lie down until morning.”

14 So she lay down at his feet until morning but got up while it was still dark.[f] Then Boaz said, “Don’t let it be known that a[g] woman came to the threshing floor.” 15 And he told Ruth, “Bring the shawl you’re wearing and hold it out.” When she held it out, he shoveled six measures of barley into her shawl, and she[h] went into the town.

16 She went to her mother-in-law, Naomi, who asked her, “What happened,[i] my daughter?”

Then Ruth told her everything the man had done for her. 17 She said, “He gave me these six measures of barley, because he said,[j] ‘Don’t go back to your mother-in-law empty-handed.’”

18 Naomi said, “My daughter, wait until you find out how things go, for he won’t rest unless he resolves this today.”

Ruth and Boaz Marry

Boaz went to the gate of the town(H) and sat down there. Soon the family redeemer Boaz had spoken about came by. Boaz said, “Come over here[k] and sit down.” So he went over and sat down. Then Boaz took ten men of the town’s elders(I) and said, “Sit here.” And they sat down. He said to the redeemer, “Naomi, who has returned from the territory of Moab, is selling the portion of the field that belonged to our brother Elimelech.(J) I thought I should inform you: Buy it back in the presence of those seated here and in the presence of the elders of my people. If you want to redeem it, do it. But if you do[l] not want to redeem it, tell me so that I will know, because there isn’t anyone other than you to redeem it, and I am next after you.”

“I want to redeem it,” he answered.

Then Boaz said, “On the day you buy the field from Naomi, you will acquire[m] Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the deceased man, to perpetuate the man’s name on his property.”[n](K)

The redeemer replied, “I can’t redeem it myself, or I will ruin my own inheritance. Take my right of redemption, because I can’t redeem it.”

At an earlier period in Israel, a man removed his sandal(L) and gave it to the other party in order to make any matter legally binding concerning the right of redemption or the exchange of property. This was the method of legally binding a transaction in Israel.

So the redeemer removed his sandal and said to Boaz, “Buy back the property yourself.”

Boaz said to the elders and all the people, “You are witnesses today that I am buying from Naomi everything that belonged to Elimelech, Chilion, and Mahlon. 10 I have also acquired Ruth the Moabitess, Mahlon’s widow, as my wife, to perpetuate the deceased man’s name on his property, so that his name will not disappear among his relatives or from the gate of his hometown. You are witnesses today.”

11 All the people who were at the city gate, including the elders, said, “We are witnesses. May the Lord make the woman who is entering your house like Rachel and Leah,(M) who together built the house of Israel. May you be powerful in Ephrathah and your name well known in Bethlehem. 12 May your house become like the house of Perez, the son Tamar bore to Judah,(N) because of the offspring the Lord will give you by this young woman.”

13 Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife. He slept with her, and the Lord granted conception to her, and she gave birth to a son. 14 The women said to Naomi, “Blessed be the Lord, who has not left you without a family redeemer today. May his name become well known in Israel. 15 He will renew your life and sustain you in your old age. Indeed, your daughter-in-law, who loves you and is better to you than seven sons,(O) has given birth to him.” 16 Naomi took the child, placed him on her lap, and became a mother to him. 17 The neighbor women said, “A son has been born to Naomi,” and they named him Obed. He was the father of Jesse, the father of David.

David’s Genealogy from Judah’s Son

18 Now these are the family records of Perez:

Perez fathered Hezron,

19 Hezron fathered Ram,[o]

Ram fathered Amminadab,

20 Amminadab fathered Nahshon,

Nahshon fathered Salmon,

21 Salmon fathered Boaz,

Boaz fathered Obed,

22 Obed fathered Jesse,

and Jesse fathered David.(P)


  1. 3:5 Alt Hb tradition reads say to me
  2. 3:9 Or “Spread the edge of your garment; lit “Spread the wing of your garment; Ru 2:12
  3. 3:10 Lit kindness at the last than at the first
  4. 3:11 Some Hb mss, Orig, Syr, Tg, Vg read say to me
  5. 3:11 Lit all the gate of my people
  6. 3:14 Lit up before a man could recognize his companion
  7. 3:14 LXX; MT reads the
  8. 3:15 Some Hb mss, Aramaic, Syr, Vg; other Hb mss read he
  9. 3:16 Lit “Who are you
  10. 3:17 Alt Hb tradition, LXX, Syr, Tg read said to me
  11. 4:1 Or said, “Come here Mr. So-and-so
  12. 4:4 Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr, Vg; other Hb mss read if he does
  13. 4:5 Lit Naomi and from
  14. 4:5 Alt Hb tradition reads Naomi, I will have already acquired from Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead man, the privilege of raising up the name of the dead man on his property
  15. 4:19 LXX reads Aram; Mt 1:3–4

Bible Gateway Recommends

CSB She Reads Truth Bible, Poppy Linen
CSB She Reads Truth Bible, Poppy Linen
Retail: $49.99
Our Price: $25.49
Save: $24.50 (49%)
5.0 of 5.0 stars
CSB Tony Evans Study Bible, hardcover
CSB Tony Evans Study Bible, hardcover
Retail: $49.99
Our Price: $30.49
Save: $19.50 (39%)
5.0 of 5.0 stars
CSB Gospel of John
CSB Gospel of John
Retail: $1.49
Our Price: $0.99
Save: $0.50 (34%)
CSB Baby's New Testament with Psalms, Pink Imitation Leather
CSB Baby's New Testament with Psalms, Pink Imitation Leather
Retail: $6.99
Our Price: $4.99
Save: $2.00 (29%)
5.0 of 5.0 stars