So too, at the present time there is a remnant(A) chosen by grace.(B) And if by grace, then it cannot be based on works;(C) if it were, grace would no longer be grace.

What then? What the people of Israel sought so earnestly they did not obtain.(D) The elect among them did, but the others were hardened,(E) as it is written:

“God gave them a spirit of stupor,
    eyes that could not see
    and ears that could not hear,(F)
to this very day.”[a](G)

And David says:

“May their table become a snare and a trap,
    a stumbling block and a retribution for them.
10 May their eyes be darkened so they cannot see,(H)
    and their backs be bent forever.”[b](I)

Ingrafted Branches

11 Again I ask: Did they stumble so as to fall beyond recovery? Not at all!(J) Rather, because of their transgression, salvation has come to the Gentiles(K) to make Israel envious.(L) 12 But if their transgression means riches for the world, and their loss means riches for the Gentiles,(M) how much greater riches will their full inclusion bring!

13 I am talking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch as I am the apostle to the Gentiles,(N) I take pride in my ministry 14 in the hope that I may somehow arouse my own people to envy(O) and save(P) some of them. 15 For if their rejection brought reconciliation(Q) to the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead?(R) 16 If the part of the dough offered as firstfruits(S) is holy, then the whole batch is holy; if the root is holy, so are the branches.

17 If some of the branches have been broken off,(T) and you, though a wild olive shoot, have been grafted in among the others(U) and now share in the nourishing sap from the olive root, 18 do not consider yourself to be superior to those other branches. If you do, consider this: You do not support the root, but the root supports you.(V) 19 You will say then, “Branches were broken off so that I could be grafted in.” 20 Granted. But they were broken off because of unbelief, and you stand by faith.(W) Do not be arrogant,(X) but tremble.(Y)

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  1. Romans 11:8 Deut. 29:4; Isaiah 29:10
  2. Romans 11:10 Psalm 69:22,23

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