10 Brothers, my heart’s desire and petition to God for them is for their salvation. 2 For I testify concerning them that they have a zeal for God— but not in-accordance-with knowledge.
For They Are Ignorant of The Source of True Righteousness
3 For being-ignorant-of the righteousness of God, and seeking to establish their own righteousness, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God. 4 For[a] Christ is the end[b]of the Law for[c] righteousness for everyone believing.
The Law Requires Performance; True Righteousness Comes By Faith In Christ
5 For Moses writes [in Lev 18:5] as to the righteousness of the Law that “The person having done them will live by them”. 6 But the righteousness of faith speaks[d] as follows: “Do not say in your heart, “Who will go up into heaven?”, that is, to bring[e] Christ down, 7 or “who will go down into the abyss?”, that is, to bring[f] Christ up from the dead. 8 But what does it say? “The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart”, that is, the word of[g] faith which we are proclaiming, 9 that[h] if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord and you believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. 10 For it is believed with the heart resulting-in righteousness, and it is confessed with the mouth resulting in salvation.
The Scripture Says Faith Leads To Salvation For Both Jew And Greek
11 For the Scripture says [in Isa 28:16] “everyone putting-faith upon Him will not be put-to-shame”. 12 For there is no distinction between both Jew and Greek— for the same Lord is Lord of all, being rich toward all the ones calling-upon Him. 13 For “everyone who calls-upon the name of the Lord will be saved” [Joel 2:32].
This Is Why God Sent Forth His Messengers With The Report About Christ
14 How then[i] may they[j] call-upon the One in Whom they did not believe? And how may they believe the One Whom[k] they did not hear? And how may they hear without one proclaiming? 15 And how may they proclaim if they are not sent-forth?— just as it has been written[l] [in Isa 52:7]: “How beautiful are the feet of the ones announcing-good-news-of good things!” 16 But[m] they did not all obey the good-news, for Isaiah says [in Isa 53:1], “Lord, who put-faith-in our report?” 17 So[n] the faith[o]comes from a report-hearing[p], and the report-hearing through a word[q]about[r] Christ.
But It Is Not As Though Israel Did Not Hear
18 But I say[s]— it is not that they did not hear[t], is it ? On the contrary: “Their voice went-out into all the earth, and their words to the ends of the world” [Ps 19:4].
And It Is Not As Though Israel Did Not Know
19 But I say— it is not that Israel did not know[u], is it ? First, Moses says [in Deut 32:21] “I will provoke you to jealousy over what is not a nation. I will provoke you to anger over a nation without-understanding[v]”. 20 And Isaiah is very-bold and says [in Isa 65:1] “I was found by the ones not seeking Me. I became visible[w]to the ones not asking-for Me”. 21 But with-regard-to Israel He says [in Isa 65:2], “I held-out[x] My hands the whole day toward a disobeying[y] and contradicting[z] people”.
Romans 10:4This sentence summarizes the heart of their ignorance, the relationship between Christ, Law, righteousness, faith, and works.
Romans 10:15Paul quotes Isaiah to prove that God has done His part. He sent forth messengers and they have proclaimed the message.
Romans 10:16Isaiah predicted this rejection by Israel as well, further proof of Israel’s ignorance.
Romans 10:17Paul summarizes the process he has deduced from Scripture. Faith in the hearer comes in response to a report about Christ, and this report comes through a message proclaimed by one sent.
Romans 10:17That is, the faith to call upon the Lord and be saved.
Romans 10:17This word means both hearing (the act of hearing) and report (the message heard). It is the same word as ‘report’ in v 16, and is related to ‘hear’ in v 18, and is rendered this way to show the connection to both. An obedient-hearing is in view here.
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