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Abraham and David’s Faith Counted as Righteousness

What then shall we say that Abraham, [a]our forefather (A)according to the flesh, has found? For if Abraham was justified [b]by works, he has something to boast about—but (B)not [c]before God! For what does the Scripture say? “(C)Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness.” Now to the one who (D)works, his wage is not counted according to grace, but according to what is due. But to the one who does not work, but (E)believes upon Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness, just as David also speaks of the blessing on the man to whom God counts righteousness apart from works:

(F)Blessed are those whose lawless deeds have been forgiven,
And whose sins have been covered.
(G)Blessed is the man whose sin the [d]Lord will not (H)take into account.”

Therefore, is this blessing on [e](I)the circumcised, or on [f]the uncircumcised also? For (J)we say, “(K)Faith was counted to Abraham as righteousness.” 10 How then was it counted? While he was [g]circumcised, or [h]uncircumcised? Not while [i]circumcised, but while [j]uncircumcised; 11 and he (L)received the sign of circumcision, (M)a seal of the righteousness of the faith which [k]he had while uncircumcised, so that he might be (N)the father of (O)all who believe without being circumcised, that righteousness might be counted to them, 12 and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also follow in the steps of the faith of our father Abraham which [l]he had while uncircumcised.

13 For (P)the promise to Abraham or to his seed (Q)that he would be heir of the world was not [m]through the Law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14 For (R)if those who are [n]of the Law are heirs, faith has been made empty and the promise has been abolished; 15 for (S)the Law brings about wrath, but (T)where there is no law, there also is no trespass.

16 For this reason it is [o]by faith, in order that it may be according to (U)grace, so that the promise will be guaranteed to (V)all the seed, not only to [p]those who are of the Law, but also to [q](W)those who are of the faith of Abraham, who is (X)the father of us all— 17 as it is written, “(Y)A father of many nations have I made you”—in the presence of Him whom he believed, even God, (Z)who gives life to the dead and [r](AA)calls into being (AB)that which does not exist. 18 In hope against hope he believed, so that he might become (AC)a father of many nations according to that which had been spoken, “(AD)So shall your seed be.” 19 And without becoming weak in faith he contemplated his own body, now (AE)as good as dead since (AF)he was about a hundred years old, and (AG)the deadness of Sarah’s womb; 20 yet, with respect to the promise of God, he did not waver in unbelief but grew strong in faith, (AH)giving glory to God, 21 and (AI)being fully assured that (AJ)what God had promised, He was able also to do. 22 Therefore (AK)it was also counted to him as righteousness. 23 Now (AL)not for his sake only was it written that it was counted to him, 24 but for our sake also, to whom it will be counted, as those (AM)who believe upon Him who (AN)raised Jesus our Lord from the dead, 25 He who was (AO)delivered over on account of our transgressions, and was (AP)raised on account of our justification.


  1. Romans 4:1 Or our forefather, has found according to the flesh
  2. Romans 4:2 Lit out of
  3. Romans 4:2 Lit toward
  4. Romans 4:8 In OT, Yahweh, cf. Ps 32:2
  5. Romans 4:9 Lit circumcision
  6. Romans 4:9 Lit uncircumcision
  7. Romans 4:10 Lit in circumcision
  8. Romans 4:10 Lit in uncircumcision
  9. Romans 4:10 Lit in circumcision
  10. Romans 4:10 Lit in uncircumcision
  11. Romans 4:11 Lit was in uncircumcision
  12. Romans 4:12 Lit was in uncircumcision
  13. Romans 4:13 Or through law
  14. Romans 4:14 Or of law
  15. Romans 4:16 Or out of
  16. Romans 4:16 Lit that which is
  17. Romans 4:16 Lit that which is
  18. Romans 4:17 Lit calls the things which do not exist as existing