19 because (A)that which is known about God is evident [a]within them; for God made it evident to them. 20 For (B)since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, that is, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, (C)being understood by what has been made, so that they are without excuse. 21 For even though they knew God, they did not [b]honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became (D)futile in their reasonings, and their senseless hearts were darkened. 22 (E)Claiming to be wise, they became fools, 23 and they (F)exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible mankind, of birds, four-footed animals, and [c]crawling creatures.

24 Therefore (G)God gave them up to vile impurity in the lusts of their hearts, so that their bodies would be (H)dishonored among them. 25 For they exchanged the truth of God for [d](I)falsehood, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, (J)who is blessed [e]forever. Amen.

26 For this reason (K)God gave them over to (L)degrading passions; for their women exchanged natural relations for that which is contrary to nature, 27 and likewise the men, too, abandoned natural relations [f]with women and burned in their desire toward one another, (M)males with males committing [g]shameful acts and receiving in [h]their own persons the due penalty of their error.

28 And just as they did not see fit [i]to acknowledge God, (N)God gave them up to a depraved mind, to do those things that are not proper, 29 people having been filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, and evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, and malice; they are (O)gossips, 30 slanderers, [j](P)haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, (Q)disobedient to parents, 31 without understanding, untrustworthy, (R)unfeeling, and unmerciful; 32 and although they know the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of (S)death, they not only do the same, but also (T)approve of those who practice them.

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Footnotes

  1. Romans 1:19 Or among
  2. Romans 1:21 Lit glorify
  3. Romans 1:23 Or reptiles
  4. Romans 1:25 Lit the lie
  5. Romans 1:25 Lit unto the ages
  6. Romans 1:27 Lit of the female
  7. Romans 1:27 Lit shamelessness
  8. Romans 1:27 Lit themselves
  9. Romans 1:28 Lit to have God in knowledge
  10. Romans 1:30 Or hateful to God