15 The Spirit(A) you received does not make you slaves, so that you live in fear again;(B) rather, the Spirit you received brought about your adoption to sonship.[a] And by him we cry, “Abba,[b] Father.”(C) 16 The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit(D) that we are God’s children.(E)

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  1. Romans 8:15 The Greek word for adoption to sonship is a term referring to the full legal standing of an adopted male heir in Roman culture; also in verse 23.
  2. Romans 8:15 Aramaic for father

23 Not only so, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit,(A) groan(B) inwardly as we wait eagerly(C) for our adoption to sonship, the redemption of our bodies.(D)

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