Results of Justification

(A)Therefore, having been justified by faith, [a](B)we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we also have (C)obtained our introduction by faith into this grace (D)in which we stand; and [b]we celebrate in hope of the glory of God. (E)And not only this, but [c]we also (F)celebrate in our tribulations, knowing that tribulation brings about (G)perseverance; and (H)perseverance, (I)proven character; and proven character, hope; and hope (J)does not disappoint, because the love of God has been (K)poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us.

For while we were still (L)helpless, (M)at the right time (N)Christ died for the ungodly. For one will hardly die for a righteous person; [d]though perhaps for the good person someone would even dare to die. But God (O)demonstrates (P)His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, (Q)Christ died for us. Much more then, having now been justified [e](R)by His blood, we shall be saved (S)from the wrath of God through Him. 10 For if while we were (T)enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved [f](U)by His life. 11 (V)And not only this, but [g]we also celebrate in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received (W)the reconciliation.

12 Therefore, just as through (X)one man sin entered into the world, and (Y)death through sin, and (Z)so death spread to all mankind, because all sinned— 13 for [h]until the Law sin was in the world, but (AA)sin is not [i]counted against anyone when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned (AB)in the likeness of the [j]violation committed by Adam, who is a [k](AC)type of Him who was to come.

15 But [l]the gracious gift is not like the offense. For if by the offense of (AD)the one (AE)the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by (AF)the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many. 16 The gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand (AG)the judgment arose from one offense, [m]resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the gracious gift arose from many offenses, [n]resulting in justification. 17 For if by the offense of the one, death reigned (AH)through the one, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness (AI)reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.

18 So then, as through (AJ)one offense [o]the result was condemnation to all mankind, so also through one (AK)act of righteousness [p]the result was (AL)justification of life to all mankind. 19 For as through the one man’s disobedience (AM)the many (AN)were made sinners, so also through (AO)the obedience of the One (AP)the many will be made righteous. 20 [q](AQ)The Law came in so that the offense would increase; but where sin increased, (AR)grace abounded all the more, 21 so that, as (AS)sin reigned in death, so also (AT)grace would reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Believers Are Dead to Sin, Alive to God

(AU)What shall we say then? Are we to (AV)continue in sin so that grace may increase? [r](AW)Far from it! How shall we who (AX)died to sin still live in it? Or do you not know that all of us who have been (AY)baptized into (AZ)Christ Jesus have been baptized into His death? Therefore we have been (BA)buried with Him through baptism into death, so that, just as Christ was (BB)raised from the dead through the (BC)glory of the Father, so we too may walk in (BD)newness of life. For (BE)if we have become [s]united with Him in the likeness of His death, certainly we shall also be [t]in the likeness of His resurrection, knowing this, that our (BF)old [u]self was (BG)crucified with Him, in order that our (BH)body of sin might be [v]done away with, so that we would no longer be slaves to sin; for (BI)the one who has died is [w]freed from sin.

Now (BJ)if we have died with Christ, we believe that (BK)we shall also live with Him, knowing that Christ, having been (BL)raised from the dead, [x]is never to die again; (BM)death no longer is master over Him. 10 For [y]the death that He died, He died to sin once for all time; but [z]the life that He lives, He lives to [aa]God. 11 So you too, consider yourselves to be (BN)dead to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus.

12 Therefore sin is not to (BO)reign in your mortal body so that you obey its lusts, 13 and do not go on (BP)presenting [ab]the parts of your body to sin as [ac]instruments of unrighteousness; but (BQ)present yourselves to God as those who are alive from the dead, and [ad]your body’s parts as [ae]instruments of righteousness for God. 14 For (BR)sin shall not (BS)be master over you, for (BT)you are not under [af]the Law but (BU)under grace.

15 What then? (BV)Are we to sin because we are not under [ag]the Law but under grace? [ah](BW)Far from it! 16 Do you not (BX)know that the one to whom you present yourselves as (BY)slaves for obedience, you are slaves of that same one whom you obey, either of (BZ)sin [ai]resulting in death, or of obedience [aj]resulting in righteousness? 17 But (CA)thanks be to God that [ak]though you were slaves of sin, you became obedient from the heart to that [al](CB)form of teaching to which you were entrusted, 18 and after being (CC)freed from sin, you became slaves to righteousness. 19 (CD)I am speaking [am]in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just (CE)as you presented [an]the parts of your body as slaves to impurity and to lawlessness, [ao]resulting in further lawlessness, so now present [ap]your body’s parts as slaves to righteousness, [aq]resulting in sanctification.

20 For (CF)when you were slaves of sin, you were free in relation to righteousness. 21 Therefore what [ar](CG)benefit were you then [as]deriving from the things of which you are now ashamed? For the outcome of those things is (CH)death. 22 But now having been (CI)freed from sin and (CJ)enslaved to God, you [at]derive your [au](CK)benefit, [av]resulting in sanctification, and (CL)the outcome, eternal life. 23 For the wages of (CM)sin is death, but the gracious gift of God is (CN)eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Believers United to Christ

Or do you not know, (CO)brothers and sisters (for I am speaking to those who know the [aw]Law), that the [ax]Law has jurisdiction over a person as long as he lives? For (CP)the married woman is bound by law to her [ay]husband as long as he is alive; but if her husband dies, she is released from the law [az]concerning the husband. So then, if while her husband is alive she [ba]gives herself to another man, she will be called an adulteress; but if her husband dies, she is free from the law, so that she is not an adulteress if she [bb]gives herself to another man.

Therefore, my brothers and sisters, you also were (CQ)put to death (CR)in regard to the Law (CS)through the body of Christ, so that you might belong to another, to Him who was raised from the dead, in order that we might bear fruit for God. For while we were (CT)in the flesh, the sinful passions, which were (CU)brought to light by the Law, were at work (CV)in [bc]the parts of our body to bear fruit for death. But now we have been (CW)released from the Law, having (CX)died to that by which we were bound, so that we serve in (CY)newness of (CZ)the [bd]Spirit and not in oldness of the letter.

(DA)What shall we say then? Is the Law sin? (DB)[be]Far from it! On the contrary, (DC)I would not have come to know sin except [bf]through the Law; for I would not have known about [bg]coveting if the Law had not said, “(DD)You shall not [bh]covet.” But sin, (DE)taking an opportunity (DF)through the commandment, produced in me [bi]coveting of every kind; for (DG)apart [bj]from the Law sin is dead. I was once alive apart [bk]from the Law; but when the commandment came, sin came to life, and I died; 10 and this commandment, which was [bl](DH)to result in life, proved [bm]to result in death for me; 11 for sin, (DI)taking an opportunity (DJ)through the commandment, (DK)deceived me, and through it, killed me. 12 (DL)So then, the Law is holy, and the commandment is holy and righteous and good.

13 Therefore did that which is good become a cause of death for me? [bn](DM)Far from it! Rather it was sin, in order that it might be shown to be sin by bringing about my death through that which is good, so that through the commandment sin would become utterly sinful.

The Conflict of Serving Two Masters

14 For we know that the Law is (DN)spiritual, but I am (DO)fleshly, (DP)sold [bo](DQ)into bondage to sin. 15 For (DR)I do not understand what I am doing; for I am not practicing (DS)what I want to do, but I do the very thing I hate. 16 However, if I do the very thing I do not want to do, I agree with (DT)the Law, that the Law is good. 17 But now, (DU)no longer am I the one doing it, but sin that dwells in me. 18 For I know that good does not dwell in me, that is, in my (DV)flesh; for the willing is present in me, but the doing of the good is not. 19 For (DW)the good that I want, I do not do, but I practice the very evil that I do not want. 20 But if I do the very thing I do not want, (DX)I am no longer the one doing it, but sin that dwells in me.

21 I find then (DY)the [bp]principle that evil is present in me, the one who wants to do good. 22 For I joyfully agree with the law of God [bq]in (DZ)the inner person, 23 but I see (EA)a different law in [br]the parts of my body waging war against the (EB)law of my mind, and making me a prisoner [bs]of (EC)the law of sin, the law which is in [bt]my body’s parts. 24 Wretched man that I am! Who will set me free from [bu](ED)the body of this (EE)death? 25 (EF)Thanks be to God through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, on the one hand I myself with my mind am serving the law of God, but on the other, with my flesh (EG)the law of sin.

Deliverance from Bondage

Therefore there is now no (EH)condemnation at all for those who are (EI)in (EJ)Christ Jesus. For (EK)the law of the Spirit of life [bv]in (EL)Christ Jesus (EM)has set you free from the law of sin and of death. For (EN)what the Law could not do, [bw](EO)weak as it was through the flesh, God did: sending His own Son in (EP)the likeness of [bx]sinful flesh and as an offering for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh, so that the (EQ)requirement of the Law might be fulfilled in us who (ER)do not walk [by]according to the flesh but [bz]according to the Spirit. For those who are in accord with the flesh set their minds on (ES)the things of the flesh, but those who are in accord with the Spirit, (ET)the things of the Spirit. (EU)For the mind [ca]set on the flesh is (EV)death, but the mind [cb]set on the Spirit is life and peace, because the mind [cc]set on the flesh is (EW)hostile toward God; for it does not subject itself to the law of God, for it is not even able to do so, and those who are (EX)in the flesh cannot please God.

However, you are not (EY)in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God (EZ)dwells in you. But (FA)if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him. 10 (FB)If Christ is in you, though the body is dead because of sin, yet the spirit is [cd]alive because of righteousness. 11 But if the Spirit of Him who (FC)raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, (FD)He who raised (FE)Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies [ce]through His Spirit who dwells in you.

12 So then, brothers and sisters, we are under obligation, not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh— 13 for (FF)if you are living in accord with the flesh, you are going to die; but if by the Spirit you are (FG)putting to death the deeds of the body, you will live. 14 For all who are (FH)being led by the Spirit of God, these are (FI)sons and daughters of God. 15 For you (FJ)have not received a spirit of slavery [cf]leading to fear again, but you (FK)have received [cg]a spirit of adoption as sons and daughters by which we cry out, “(FL)Abba! [ch]Father!” 16 The Spirit Himself (FM)testifies with our spirit that we are (FN)children of God, 17 and if children, (FO)heirs also, heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, (FP)if indeed we suffer with Him so that we may also be glorified with Him.

18 For I consider that the sufferings of this present time (FQ)are not worthy to be compared with the (FR)glory that is to be revealed to us. 19 For the (FS)eagerly awaiting creation waits for (FT)the revealing of the (FU)sons and daughters of God. 20 For the creation (FV)was subjected to (FW)futility, not willingly, but (FX)because of Him who subjected it, [ci]in hope 21 that (FY)the creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God. 22 For we know that the whole creation (FZ)groans and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now. 23 (GA)And not only that, but also we ourselves, having (GB)the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves (GC)groan within ourselves, (GD)waiting eagerly for our adoption as sons and daughters, (GE)the redemption of our body. 24 For (GF)in hope we have been saved, but (GG)hope that is seen is not hope; for who hopes for what he already sees? 25 But (GH)if we hope for what we do not see, through perseverance we wait eagerly for it.

Our Victory in Christ

26 Now in the same way the Spirit also helps our weakness; for (GI)we do not know what to pray for as we should, but (GJ)the Spirit Himself intercedes for us with [cj]groanings too deep for words; 27 and (GK)He who searches the hearts knows what (GL)the mind of the Spirit is, because He (GM)intercedes for the [ck]saints according to the will of God.

28 And we know that [cl]God [cm]causes (GN)all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are (GO)called according to His purpose. 29 For those whom He (GP)foreknew, He also (GQ)predestined to become (GR)conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the (GS)firstborn among many brothers and sisters; 30 and these whom He (GT)predestined, He also (GU)called; and these whom He called, He also (GV)justified; and these whom He justified, He also (GW)glorified.

31 (GX)What then shall we say to these things? (GY)If God is for us, who is against us? 32 He who (GZ)did not spare His own Son, but (HA)delivered Him over for us all, how will He not also with Him freely give us all things? 33 Who will bring charges against (HB)God’s elect? (HC)God is the one who justifies; 34 who is the one who (HD)condemns? Christ Jesus is He who (HE)died, but rather, was [cn](HF)raised, who is (HG)at the right hand of God, who also (HH)intercedes for us. 35 Who will separate us from (HI)the love of [co]Christ? Will (HJ)tribulation, or trouble, or (HK)persecution, or (HL)famine, or (HM)nakedness, or (HN)danger, or sword? 36 Just as it is written:

(HO)For Your sake we are killed all day long;
We were regarded as sheep to be slaughtered.”

37 But in all these things we overwhelmingly (HP)conquer through (HQ)Him who loved us. 38 For I am convinced that neither (HR)death, nor life, nor (HS)angels, nor principalities, nor (HT)things present, nor things to come, nor powers, 39 nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing will be able to separate us from (HU)the love of God that is (HV)in Christ Jesus our Lord.


  1. Romans 5:1 Two early mss let’s have
  2. Romans 5:2 Lit we boast; or let’s
  3. Romans 5:3 Lit we also boast; or let’s also boast
  4. Romans 5:7 Lit for
  5. Romans 5:9 Or in
  6. Romans 5:10 Or in
  7. Romans 5:11 Lit also boasting
  8. Romans 5:13 Or until law
  9. Romans 5:13 Lit credited to
  10. Romans 5:14 I.e., of God’s command
  11. Romans 5:14 Or foreshadowing
  12. Romans 5:15 Lit not as the offense, so also is the gracious gift
  13. Romans 5:16 Lit to condemnation
  14. Romans 5:16 Lit to an act of righteousness
  15. Romans 5:18 Lit to condemnation
  16. Romans 5:18 Lit to justification
  17. Romans 5:20 Or law
  18. Romans 6:2 Lit May it never happen!
  19. Romans 6:5 Or united with the likeness
  20. Romans 6:5 Or with
  21. Romans 6:6 Lit person (Gr anthropos)
  22. Romans 6:6 Or made powerless
  23. Romans 6:7 Or acquitted
  24. Romans 6:9 Lit no longer dies
  25. Romans 6:10 Lit that which He died
  26. Romans 6:10 Lit that which He lives
  27. Romans 6:10 I.e., the Father
  28. Romans 6:13 Lit your parts to sin
  29. Romans 6:13 Or weapons
  30. Romans 6:13 Lit your parts as
  31. Romans 6:13 Or weapons
  32. Romans 6:14 Or law
  33. Romans 6:15 Or law
  34. Romans 6:15 Lit May it never happen!
  35. Romans 6:16 Lit to death
  36. Romans 6:16 Lit to righteousness
  37. Romans 6:17 Lit you were slaves...but you became
  38. Romans 6:17 Or pattern
  39. Romans 6:19 I.e., reluctantly using slavery as an analogy
  40. Romans 6:19 Lit your parts as
  41. Romans 6:19 Lit to lawlessness
  42. Romans 6:19 Lit your parts as
  43. Romans 6:19 Lit to sanctification
  44. Romans 6:21 Lit fruit
  45. Romans 6:21 Lit having
  46. Romans 6:22 Lit have
  47. Romans 6:22 Lit fruit
  48. Romans 6:22 Lit to sanctification
  49. Romans 7:1 Or law
  50. Romans 7:1 Or law
  51. Romans 7:2 Lit living husband; but if
  52. Romans 7:2 Lit of
  53. Romans 7:3 Lit becomes another man’s
  54. Romans 7:3 I.e., in marriage; lit becomes another man’s
  55. Romans 7:5 Lit our parts to bear
  56. Romans 7:6 Or spirit
  57. Romans 7:7 Lit May it never happen!
  58. Romans 7:7 Or through law
  59. Romans 7:7 Or lust
  60. Romans 7:7 Or lust
  61. Romans 7:8 Or lust
  62. Romans 7:8 Or from law
  63. Romans 7:9 Or from law
  64. Romans 7:10 Lit to life
  65. Romans 7:10 Lit to death
  66. Romans 7:13 Lit May it never happen!
  67. Romans 7:14 Lit under sin
  68. Romans 7:21 Lit law
  69. Romans 7:22 Or with respect to
  70. Romans 7:23 Lit my parts waging
  71. Romans 7:23 Lit in
  72. Romans 7:23 Lit my parts
  73. Romans 7:24 Or this body of death
  74. Romans 8:2 Or has set you free in Christ Jesus
  75. Romans 8:3 Lit in which it was weak
  76. Romans 8:3 Lit flesh of sin
  77. Romans 8:4 Or in accordance with
  78. Romans 8:4 Or in accordance with
  79. Romans 8:6 Lit of the
  80. Romans 8:6 Lit of the
  81. Romans 8:7 Lit of the
  82. Romans 8:10 Lit life
  83. Romans 8:11 One early ms because of
  84. Romans 8:15 Lit for fear again
  85. Romans 8:15 Or the Spirit
  86. Romans 8:15 Gr translation of the Aramaic Abba provided by Paul
  87. Romans 8:20 Or in hope; because the creation
  88. Romans 8:26 Lit wordless groanings
  89. Romans 8:27 Lit holy ones; i.e., God’s people
  90. Romans 8:28 One early ms He; i.e., God
  91. Romans 8:28 Or in all things works together with those...for good
  92. Romans 8:34 One early ms raised from the dead
  93. Romans 8:35 Two early mss God

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