English Standard Version
The Great Prostitute and the Beast
17 Then (A)one of the seven angels who had (B)the seven bowls came and said to me, “Come, I will show you the judgment of (C)the great prostitute (D)who is seated on many waters, 2 (E)with whom the kings of the earth have committed sexual immorality, and (F)with the wine of whose sexual immorality (G)the dwellers on earth have become drunk.” 3 And (H)he carried me away in the Spirit (I)into a wilderness, and I saw a woman sitting on (J)a scarlet beast that was full of (K)blasphemous names, and (L)it had seven heads and ten horns. 4 The woman (M)was arrayed in purple and scarlet, and adorned (N)with gold and jewels and pearls, holding in her hand (O)a golden cup full of abominations and the impurities of her sexual immorality. 5 And on her forehead was written a name of (P)mystery: (Q)“Babylon the great, mother of prostitutes and of earth's abominations.” 6 And I saw the woman, drunk (R)with the blood of the saints, the blood of (S)the martyrs of Jesus.[a]
When I saw her, I marveled greatly. 7 But the angel said to me, “Why do you marvel? I will tell you (T)the mystery of the woman, and of the beast with seven heads and ten horns that carries her. 8 The beast that you saw (U)was, and is not, and (V)is about to rise from (W)the bottomless pit[b] and (X)go to destruction. And (Y)the dwellers on earth whose names have not been written in (Z)the book of life from the foundation of the world will marvel to see the beast, because (AA)it was and is not and is to come. 9 (AB)This calls for a mind with wisdom: the seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman is seated; 10 they are also seven kings, five of whom have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come, and when he does come he must remain only a little while. 11 As for the beast (AC)that was and is not, it is an eighth but it belongs to the seven, and it goes to destruction. 12 And (AD)the ten horns that you saw are ten kings who have not yet received royal power, but they are to receive authority as kings (AE)for one hour, together with the beast. 13 These are of one mind, and they hand over their power and authority to the beast. 14 They (AF)will make war on the Lamb, and (AG)the Lamb will conquer them, for he is (AH)Lord of lords and (AI)King of kings, and those with him are (AJ)called and chosen and faithful.”
15 And the angel[c] said to me, (AK)“The waters that you saw, where the prostitute is seated, are peoples and multitudes and nations and languages. 16 And (AL)the ten horns that you saw, they and the beast (AM)will hate the prostitute. They will make her (AN)desolate and (AO)naked, and (AP)devour her flesh and (AQ)burn her up with fire, 17 for (AR)God has put it into their hearts to carry out his purpose by being of one mind and (AS)handing over their royal power to the beast, until the words of God are fulfilled. 18 And the woman that you saw is (AT)the great city that has dominion over the kings of the earth.”
The Fall of Babylon
18 After this I saw (AU)another angel coming down from heaven, having great authority, and (AV)the earth was made bright with his glory. 2 And he called out with a mighty voice,
(AW)“Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great!
She has become (AX)a dwelling place for demons,
a haunt (AY)for every unclean spirit,
a haunt (AZ)for every unclean bird,
a haunt for every unclean and detestable beast.
3 For all nations have drunk[d]
(BA)the wine of the passion of her sexual immorality,
and (BB)the kings of the earth have committed immorality with her,
and (BC)the merchants of the earth have grown rich from the power of her luxurious living.”
4 Then I heard another voice from heaven saying,
(BD)“Come out of her, my people,
lest you take part in her sins,
lest you share in her plagues;
5 for (BE)her sins are heaped high as heaven,
and (BF)God has remembered her iniquities.
6 (BG)Pay her back as she herself has paid back others,
and repay her (BH)double for her deeds;
mix a double portion for her (BI)in the cup she mixed.
7 (BJ)As she glorified herself and lived in luxury,
so give her a like measure of torment and mourning,
since in her heart she says,
(BK)‘I sit as a queen,
I am no widow,
and mourning I shall never see.’
8 For this reason her plagues will come (BL)in a single day,
death and mourning and famine,
and (BM)she will be burned up with fire;
for (BN)mighty is the Lord God who has judged her.”
9 And (BO)the kings of the earth, who committed sexual immorality and lived in luxury with her, (BP)will weep and wail over her (BQ)when they see the smoke of her burning. 10 (BR)They will stand far off, in fear of her torment, and say,
“Alas! Alas! (BS)You great city,
you mighty city, Babylon!
For (BT)in a single hour your judgment has come.”
11 And (BU)the merchants of the earth weep and mourn for her, since no one buys their cargo anymore, 12 cargo of gold, silver, jewels, pearls, fine linen, purple cloth, silk, scarlet cloth, all kinds of scented wood, all kinds of articles of ivory, all kinds of articles of costly wood, bronze, iron and marble, 13 cinnamon, spice, incense, myrrh, frankincense, wine, oil, fine flour, wheat, cattle and sheep, horses and chariots, and slaves, that is, human souls.[e]
14 “The fruit for which your soul longed
has gone from you,
and all your delicacies and your splendors
are lost to you,
never to be found again!”
15 (BV)The merchants of these wares, who gained wealth from her, (BW)will stand far off, in fear of her torment, weeping and mourning aloud,
16 “Alas, alas, for the great city
(BX)that was clothed in fine linen,
in purple and scarlet,
adorned with gold,
with jewels, and with pearls!
17 For (BY)in a single hour all this wealth (BZ)has been laid waste.”
And (CA)all shipmasters and seafaring men, sailors and all whose trade is on the sea, stood far off 18 and (CB)cried out (CC)as they saw the smoke of her burning,
(CD)“What city was like the great city?”
19 And they threw (CE)dust on their heads as they wept and mourned, crying out,
“Alas, alas, for the great city
(CF)where all who had ships at sea
grew rich by her wealth!
For (CG)in a single hour she has been laid waste.
20 (CH)Rejoice over her, O heaven,
and you saints and (CI)apostles and prophets,
for (CJ)God has given judgment for you against her!”
21 Then (CK)a mighty angel (CL)took up a stone like a great millstone and threw it into the sea, saying,
“So will Babylon (CM)the great city be thrown down with violence,
and will be found no more;
22 and (CN)the sound of harpists and musicians, of flute players and trumpeters,
will be heard in you no more,
and a craftsman of any craft
will be found in you no more,
and (CO)the sound of the mill
will be heard in you no more,
23 and the light of a lamp
will shine in you no more,
and (CP)the voice of bridegroom and bride
will be heard in you no more,
for (CQ)your merchants were the great ones of the earth,
and all nations were deceived (CR)by your sorcery.
24 And (CS)in her was found the blood of prophets and of saints,
and of (CT)all who have been slain on earth.”
Rejoicing in Heaven
19 After this I heard (CU)what seemed to be the loud voice of a great multitude in heaven, crying out,
(CV)Salvation and glory and power belong to our God,
2 for (CW)his judgments are true and just;
for he has judged (CX)the great prostitute
who corrupted the earth with her immorality,
and (CY)has avenged on her the blood of his servants.”
3 Once more they cried out,
(CZ)The smoke from her goes up forever and ever.”
4 And (DA)the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshiped God who was seated on the throne, saying, “Amen. Hallelujah!” 5 And from the throne came a voice saying,
The Marriage Supper of the Lamb
6 Then I heard what seemed to be (DD)the voice of a great multitude, like (DE)the roar of many waters and (DF)like the sound of mighty peals of thunder, crying out,
For the Lord our God
the Almighty (DG)reigns.
7 Let us rejoice and exult
and give him the glory,
for (DH)the marriage of the Lamb has come,
and (DI)his Bride has made herself ready;
8 (DJ)it was granted her to clothe herself
with fine linen, bright and pure”—
for the fine linen is (DK)the righteous deeds of the saints.
9 And the angel said[f] to me, “Write this: (DL)Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb.” And he said to me, (DM)“These are the true words of God.” 10 Then (DN)I fell down at his feet to worship him, (DO)but he said to me, “You must not do that! I am a fellow servant with you and your brothers who hold to (DP)the testimony of Jesus. Worship God.” For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.
The Rider on a White Horse
11 Then I saw (DQ)heaven opened, and behold, (DR)a white horse! The one sitting on it is called (DS)Faithful and True, and (DT)in righteousness he judges and makes war. 12 (DU)His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are (DV)many diadems, and he has (DW)a name written that no one knows but himself. 13 He is clothed in (DX)a robe dipped in[g] blood, and the name by which he is called is (DY)The Word of God. 14 And the armies of heaven, (DZ)arrayed in fine linen, white and pure, (EA)were following him on white horses. 15 (EB)From his mouth comes a sharp sword (EC)with which to strike down the nations, and (ED)he will rule[h] them with a rod of iron. (EE)He will tread the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God the Almighty. 16 On his robe and on his thigh (EF)he has a name written, (EG)King of kings and Lord of lords.
17 Then I saw an angel standing in the sun, and with a loud voice he called to (EH)all the birds that fly directly overhead, (EI)“Come, gather for (EJ)the great supper of God, 18 (EK)to eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and their riders, and the flesh of all men, both free and slave,[i] both small and great.” 19 And I saw (EL)the beast and the kings of the earth with their armies (EM)gathered to make war against him who was sitting on the horse and against his army. 20 And the beast was captured, and with it (EN)the false prophet (EO)who in its presence[j] had done the signs by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who (EP)worshiped its image. These two were (EQ)thrown alive into the lake of (ER)fire that burns with sulfur. 21 And the rest were slain by the sword (ES)that came from the mouth of him who was sitting on the horse, and (ET)all the birds were gorged with their flesh.
The Thousand Years
20 Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, (EU)holding in his hand the key to (EV)the bottomless pit[k] and a great chain. 2 And he seized (EW)the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil and Satan, and (EX)bound him for a thousand years, 3 and threw him into (EY)the pit, and shut it and (EZ)sealed it over him, so that (FA)he might not deceive the nations any longer, until the thousand years were ended. After that he must be released for a little while.
4 Then I saw (FB)thrones, and (FC)seated on them were those to whom the authority to judge was committed. Also I saw (FD)the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus and for the word of God, and those (FE)who had not worshiped the beast or its image and had not received its mark on their foreheads or their hands. (FF)They came to life and (FG)reigned with Christ for a thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were ended. This is the first resurrection. 6 (FH)Blessed and holy is the one who shares in the first resurrection! Over such (FI)the second death has no power, but they will be (FJ)priests of God and of Christ, and they (FK)will reign with him for a thousand years.
The Defeat of Satan
7 And when the thousand years are ended, (FL)Satan will be released from his prison 8 and will come out (FM)to deceive the nations that are at the four corners of the earth, (FN)Gog and Magog, (FO)to gather them for battle; their number is like the sand of the sea. 9 And (FP)they marched up over the broad plain of the earth and surrounded (FQ)the camp of the saints and (FR)the beloved city, but (FS)fire came down from heaven[l] and consumed them, 10 and the devil (FT)who had deceived them was (FU)thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur where (FV)the beast and the false prophet were, and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.
Judgment Before the Great White Throne
11 Then I saw a great white throne and him who was seated on it. From his presence (FW)earth and sky fled away, and (FX)no place was found for them. 12 And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and (FY)books were opened. Then another book was opened, which is (FZ)the book of life. And (GA)the dead were judged by what was written in the books, (GB)according to what they had done. 13 And the sea gave up the dead who were in it, (GC)Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them, and they were judged, each one of them, (GD)according to what they had done. 14 Then (GE)Death and Hades (GF)were thrown into the lake of fire. This is (GG)the second death, the lake of fire. 15 And if anyone's name was not found written in the book of life, (GH)he was thrown into the lake of fire.
The New Heaven and the New Earth
21 Then I saw (GI)a new heaven and a new earth, for (GJ)the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. 2 And I saw (GK)the holy city, (GL)new Jerusalem, (GM)coming down out of heaven from God, (GN)prepared (GO)as a bride adorned for her husband. 3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Behold, (GP)the dwelling place[m] of God is with man. He will (GQ)dwell with them, and they will be his people,[n] and God himself will be with them as their God.[o] 4 (GR)He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and (GS)death shall be no more, (GT)neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.”
5 And (GU)he who was seated on the throne said, “Behold, I (GV)am making all things new.” Also he said, “Write this down, for (GW)these words are trustworthy and true.” 6 And he said to me, (GX)“It is done! (GY)I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. (GZ)To the thirsty I will give from the spring of the water of life without payment. 7 (HA)The one who conquers will have this heritage, and (HB)I will be his God and (HC)he will be my son. 8 (HD)But as for the cowardly, the faithless, the detestable, as for murderers, the sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars, (HE)their portion will be in (HF)the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is (HG)the second death.”
The New Jerusalem
9 Then came (HH)one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of (HI)the seven last plagues and spoke to me, saying, “Come, I will show you (HJ)the Bride, the wife of the Lamb.” 10 And (HK)he carried me away in the Spirit to (HL)a great, high mountain, and showed me the holy city Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God, 11 (HM)having the glory of God, (HN)its radiance (HO)like a most rare jewel, like a jasper, clear as crystal. 12 It had a great, high wall, (HP)with twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and on the gates the names of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel were inscribed— 13 on the east three gates, on the north three gates, on the south three gates, and on the west three gates. 14 And the wall of the city had twelve (HQ)foundations, and (HR)on them were the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
15 And the one who spoke with me (HS)had a measuring rod of gold to measure the city and its gates and walls. 16 The city lies foursquare, its length the same as its width. And he measured the city with his rod, 12,000 stadia.[p] Its length and width and height are equal. 17 He also measured its wall, 144 cubits[q] by (HT)human measurement, which is also (HU)an angel's measurement. 18 The wall was built of (HV)jasper, while the city was pure gold, like (HW)clear glass. 19 (HX)The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with every kind of jewel. The first was jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald, 20 the fifth onyx, the sixth carnelian, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, the twelfth amethyst. 21 And the twelve gates were twelve pearls, each of the gates made of a single pearl, and (HY)the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.
22 And (HZ)I saw no temple in the city, for its temple is the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb. 23 And the city (IA)has no need of sun or moon to shine on it, for (IB)the glory of God gives it light, and its lamp is the Lamb. 24 By its light (IC)will the nations walk, and the kings of the earth (ID)will bring their glory into it, 25 and (IE)its gates will never be shut by day—and (IF)there will be no night there. 26 They will bring into it the glory and the honor of the nations. 27 But (IG)nothing unclean will ever enter it, nor anyone who does what is detestable or false, but only those who are written in the Lamb's (IH)book of life.
The River of Life
22 Then the angel[r] showed me (II)the river of (IJ)the water of life, bright as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb 2 through the middle of (IK)the street of the city; (IL)also, on either side of the river, (IM)the tree of life[s] with its twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit each month. The leaves of the tree were (IN)for the healing of the nations. 3 (IO)No longer will there be anything accursed, but (IP)the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and (IQ)his servants will worship him. 4 (IR)They will see his face, and (IS)his name will be on their foreheads. 5 And (IT)night will be no more. They will need no light of lamp (IU)or sun, for (IV)the Lord God will be their light, and (IW)they will reign forever and ever.
Jesus Is Coming
6 And he said to me, (IX)“These words are trustworthy and true. And the Lord, the God of (IY)the spirits of the prophets, (IZ)has sent his angel to show his servants what must soon take place.”
7 “And behold, (JA)I am coming soon. (JB)Blessed is the one who keeps the words of the prophecy of this book.”
8 I, (JC)John, am the one who heard and saw these things. And when I heard and saw them, (JD)I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who showed them to me, 9 (JE)but he said to me, “You must not do that! I am a fellow servant with you and your brothers the prophets, and with those (JF)who keep the words of this book. Worship God.”
10 And he said to me, (JG)“Do not seal up the words of the prophecy of this book, for the time is near. 11 (JH)Let the evildoer still do evil, and the filthy still be filthy, and the righteous still do right, and the holy still be holy.”
12 “Behold, (JI)I am coming soon, (JJ)bringing my recompense with me, (JK)to repay each one for what he has done. 13 (JL)I am the Alpha and the Omega, (JM)the first and the last, (JN)the beginning and the end.”
14 Blessed are those who (JO)wash their robes,[t] so that they may have the right to (JP)the tree of life and that (JQ)they may enter the city by the gates. 15 (JR)Outside are (JS)the dogs (JT)and sorcerers and the sexually immoral and murderers and idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices falsehood.
16 (JU)“I, Jesus, have sent my angel to testify to you about these things (JV)for the churches. I am (JW)the root and (JX)the descendant of David, (JY)the bright morning star.”
17 The Spirit and (JZ)the Bride say, “Come.” And let the one who hears say, “Come.” And (KA)let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who desires take the (KB)water of life without price.
18 I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: (KC)if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, 19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in (KD)the tree of life and in (KE)the holy city, which are described in this book.
20 He who testifies to these things says, “Surely (KF)I am coming soon.” Amen. (KG)Come, Lord Jesus!
21 The grace of the Lord Jesus be with all.[u] Amen.
- Revelation 17:6 Greek the witnesses to Jesus
- Revelation 17:8 Greek the abyss
- Revelation 17:15 Greek he
- Revelation 18:3 Some manuscripts fallen by
- Revelation 18:13 Or and slaves, and human lives
- Revelation 19:9 Greek he said
- Revelation 19:13 Some manuscripts sprinkled with
- Revelation 19:15 Greek shepherd
- Revelation 19:18 For the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface
- Revelation 19:20 Or on its behalf
- Revelation 20:1 Greek the abyss; also verse 3
- Revelation 20:9 Some manuscripts from God, out of heaven, or out of heaven from God
- Revelation 21:3 Or tabernacle
- Revelation 21:3 Some manuscripts peoples
- Revelation 21:3 Some manuscripts omit as their God
- Revelation 21:16 About 1,380 miles; a stadion was about 607 feet or 185 meters
- Revelation 21:17 A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters
- Revelation 22:1 Greek he
- Revelation 22:2 Or the Lamb. In the midst of the street of the city, and on either side of the river, was the tree of life
- Revelation 22:14 Some manuscripts do his commandments
- Revelation 22:21 Some manuscripts all the saints
The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.