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Praise him, all his angels.[a]
Praise him, all his heavenly assembly.[b]
Praise him, O sun and moon.
Praise him, all you shiny stars.[c]
Praise him, O highest heaven,
and you waters above the sky.[d]
Let them praise the name of the Lord,
for he gave the command and they came into existence.
He established them so they would endure;[e]
he issued a decree that will not be revoked.[f]

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  1. Psalm 148:2 tn Or “heavenly messengers.”
  2. Psalm 148:2 tn Heb “all his host.”
  3. Psalm 148:3 tn Heb “stars of light.”
  4. Psalm 148:4 sn The “water” mentioned here corresponds to the “waters above” mentioned in Gen 1:7. See also Ps 104:3. For a discussion of the picture envisioned by the psalmist, see L. I. J. Stadelmann, The Hebrew Conception of the World, 47.
  5. Psalm 148:6 tn Or “forever and ever.”
  6. Psalm 148:6 tn Heb “and it will not pass away.”