110 The Lord (Father) says to my Lord (the Messiah, His Son), “Sit at My right hand Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet [subjugating them into complete submission].” 2 The Lord will send the scepter of Your strength from Zion, saying, “Rule in the midst of Your enemies.” 3 Your people will offer themselves willingly [to participate in Your battle] in the day of Your power; In the splendor of holiness, from the womb of the dawn, Your young men are to You as the dew.
4 The Lord has sworn [an oath] and will not change His mind: “[a]You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek.” 5 The Lord is at Your right hand, He [b]will crush kings in the day of His wrath. 6 He will execute judgment [in overwhelming punishment] among the nations; He will fill them with corpses, He will crush the chief men over a broad country. 7 He will drink from the brook by the wayside; Therefore He will lift up His head [triumphantly].
The Lord Praised for His Goodness.
111 Praise the Lord! (Hallelujah!) I will give thanks to the Lord with all my heart, In the company of the upright and in the congregation. 2 Great are the works of the Lord, Studied by all those who delight in them. 3 Splendid and majestic is His work, And His righteousness endures forever. 4 He has made His wonderful acts to be remembered; The Lord is gracious and merciful and full of loving compassion. 5 He has given food to those who fear Him [with awe-inspired reverence]; He will remember His covenant forever. 6 He has declared and made known to His people the power of His works, In giving them the heritage of the nations.
7 The works of His hands are truth and [absolute] justice; All His precepts are sure (established, reliable, trustworthy). 8 They are upheld forever and ever; They are done in [absolute] truth and uprightness. 9 He has sent redemption to His people; He has ordained His covenant forever; Holy and awesome is His name—[inspiring reverence and godly fear]. 10 The [reverent] fear of the Lord is the beginning (the prerequisite, the absolute essential, the alphabet) of wisdom; A good understanding and a teachable heart are possessed by all those who do the will of the Lord; His praise endures forever.
Prosperity of the One Who Fears the Lord.
112 Praise the Lord! (Hallelujah!) Blessed [fortunate, prosperous, and favored by God] is the man who fears the Lord [with awe-inspired reverence and worships Him with obedience], Who delights greatly in His commandments. 2 His descendants will be mighty on earth; The generation of the upright will be blessed. 3 Wealth and riches are in his house, And his righteousness endures forever. 4 Light arises in the darkness for the upright; He is gracious and compassionate and righteous (upright—in right standing with God). 5 It is well with the man who is gracious and lends; He conducts his affairs with justice. 6 He will never be shaken; The righteous will be remembered forever.
7 He will not fear bad news; His heart is steadfast, trusting [confidently relying on and believing] in the Lord. 8 His heart is upheld, he will not fear While he looks [with satisfaction] on his adversaries. 9 He has given freely to the poor; His righteousness endures forever; His horn will be exalted in honor.
10 The wicked will see it and be angered, He will gnash his teeth and melt away [in despair and death]; The desire of the wicked will perish and come to nothing.
The Lord Exalts the Humble.
113 [c]Praise the Lord! ([d]Hallelujah!) Praise, O servants of the Lord, Praise the name of the Lord. 2 Blessed be the name of the Lord From this time forth and forever. 3 From the rising of the sun to its setting The name of the Lord is to be praised [with awe-inspired reverence]. 4 The Lord is high above all nations, And His glory above the heavens.
5 Who is like the Lord our God, Who is enthroned on high, 6 Who humbles Himself to regard The heavens and the earth? 7 He raises the poor out of the dust And lifts the needy from the ash heap, 8 That He may seat them with princes, With the princes of His people. 9 He makes the barren woman live in the house As a joyful mother of children. Praise the Lord! (Hallelujah!)
God’s Rescue of Israel from Egypt.
114 When Israel came out of Egypt, The house of Jacob from a people of strange language, 2 Judah became His sanctuary, And Israel His dominion.
3 The [Red] Sea [e]looked and fled; The Jordan turned back. 4 The mountains leaped like rams, The [little] hills, like lambs. 5 What ails you, O sea, that you flee? O Jordan, that you turn back? 6 O mountains, that you leap like rams, O [little] hills, like lambs?
7 Tremble, O earth, at the presence of the Lord, At the presence of the God of Jacob (Israel), 8 Who turned the rock into a pool of water, The flint into a fountain of water.
Pagan Idols Contrasted with the Lord.
115 Not to us, O Lord, not to us, But to Your name give glory Because of Your lovingkindness, because of Your truth and faithfulness. 2 Why should the nations say, “Where, now, is their God?” 3 But our God is in heaven; He does whatever He pleases. 4 The idols [of the nations] are silver and gold, The work of man’s hands. 5 They have mouths, but they cannot speak; They have eyes, but they cannot see; 6 They have ears, but they cannot hear; They have noses, but they cannot smell; 7 They have hands, but they cannot feel; They have feet, but they cannot walk; Nor can they make a sound with their throats. 8 Those who make them will become like them, Everyone who trusts in them.
9 O Israel, trust and take refuge in the Lord! [Be confident in Him, cling to Him, rely on His word!] He is their help and their shield. 10 O house of Aaron, trust in the Lord; He is their help and their shield. 11 You who [reverently] fear the Lord, trust in Lord; He is their help and their shield. 12 The Lord has been mindful of us; He will bless, He will bless the house of Israel; He will bless the house of Aaron. 13 He will bless those who fear and worship the Lord [with awe-inspired reverence and submissive wonder], Both the small and the great. 14 May the Lord give you [great] increase, You and your children. 15 May you be blessed of the Lord, Who made heaven and earth.
16 The heavens are the heavens of the Lord, But the earth He has given to the children of men. 17 The dead do not praise the Lord, Nor do any who go down into silence; 18 But as for us, we will bless and affectionately and gratefully praise the Lord From this time forth and forever. Praise the Lord! (Hallelujah!)
Thanksgiving for Rescue from Death.
116 I love the Lord, because He hears [and continues to hear] My voice and my supplications (my pleas, my cries, my specific needs). 2 Because He has inclined His ear to me, Therefore I will call on Him as long as I live. 3 The cords and sorrows of death encompassed me, And the terrors of Sheol came upon me; I found distress and sorrow. 4 Then I called on the name of the Lord: “O Lord, please save my life!”
5 Gracious is the Lord, and [consistently] righteous; Yes, our God is compassionate. 6 [f]The Lord protects the simple (childlike); I was brought low [humbled and discouraged], and He saved me. 7 Return to your rest, O my soul, For the Lord has dealt bountifully with you. 8 For You have rescued my life from death, My eyes from tears, And my feet from stumbling and falling. 9 I will walk [in submissive wonder] before the Lord In the land of the living. 10 I believed [and clung to my God] when I said, “I am greatly afflicted.” 11 I said in my alarm, “All men are liars.”
12 What will I give to the Lord [in return] For all His benefits toward me? [How can I repay Him for His precious blessings?] 13 I will lift up the cup of salvation And call on the name of the Lord. 14 I will pay my vows to the Lord, Yes, in the presence of all His people. 15 [g]Precious [and of great consequence] in the sight of the Lord Is the death of His godly ones [so He watches over them]. 16 O Lord, truly I am Your servant; I am Your servant, the son of Your handmaid; You have unfastened my chains. 17 I will offer to You the sacrifice of thanksgiving, And will call on the name of the Lord. 18 I will pay my vows to the Lord, Yes, in the presence of all His people, 19 In the courts of the Lord’s house (temple)— In the midst of you, O Jerusalem. Praise the Lord! (Hallelujah!)
A Psalm of Praise.
117 O praise the Lord, all you nations! Praise Him, all you people! 2 For His lovingkindness prevails over us [and we triumph and overcome through Him], And the truth of the Lord endures forever. Praise the Lord! (Hallelujah!)
Thanksgiving for the Lord’s Saving Goodness.
118 O give thanks to the Lord, for He is good; For His lovingkindness endures forever. 2 Oh let Israel say, “His lovingkindness endures forever.” 3 Oh let the house of Aaron say, “His lovingkindness endures forever.” 4 Oh let those who [reverently] fear the Lord, say, “His lovingkindness endures forever.”
5 Out of my distress I called on the Lord; The Lord answered me and set me free. 6 The Lord is on my side; I will not fear. What can [mere] man do to me? 7 The Lord is on my side, He is among those who help me; Therefore I will look [in triumph] on those who hate me. 8 It is better to take refuge in the Lord Than to trust in man. 9 It is better to take refuge in the Lord Than to trust in princes.
10 All nations encompassed me; In the name of the Lord I will surely cut them off. 11 They encompassed me, yes, they surrounded me [on every side]; In the name of the Lord I will cut them off. 12 They swarmed around me like bees; They flare up and are extinguished like a fire of thorns; In the name of the Lord I will surely cut them off. 13 You [my enemy] pushed me violently so that I was falling, But the Lord helped me. 14 The Lord is my strength and song, And He has become my salvation.
15 The sound of joyful shouting and salvation is in the tents of the righteous: The right hand of the Lord does valiantly. 16 The right hand of the Lord is exalted; The right hand of the Lord does valiantly. 17 I will not die, but live, And declare the works and recount the illustrious acts of the Lord. 18 The Lord has disciplined me severely, But He has not given me over to death.
19 Open to me the [temple] gates of righteousness; I shall enter through them, I shall give thanks to the Lord. 20 This is the gate of the Lord; The righteous will enter through it. 21 I will give thanks to You, for You have heard and answered me; And You have become my salvation [my Rescuer, my Savior].
22 The stone which the builders rejected Has become the [h]chief corner stone. 23 This is from the Lordand is His doing; It is marvelous in our eyes. 24 This [day in which God has saved me] is the day which the Lord has made; Let us rejoice and be glad in it. 25 O Lord, save now, we beseech You; O Lord, we beseech You, send now prosperity and give us success! 26 Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord; We have blessed you from the house of the Lord [you who come into His sanctuary under His guardianship]. 27 The Lord is God, and He has given us light [illuminating us with His grace and freedom and joy]. Bind the festival sacrifices with [i]cords to the horns of the altar. 28 You are my God, and I give thanks to You; [You are] my God, I extol You. 29 O give thanks to the Lord, for He is good; For His lovingkindness endures forever.
Psalm 110:4In rabbinic legend, Shem (the son of Noah) was Melchizedek, and God had planned to make him the first high priest. But when he blessed Abraham without first blessing God (Gen 14:18f), God gave the priesthood to Abraham instead.
Psalm 110:5Lit has smashed, probably a prophetic construction, and so in v 6.
Psalm 113:1It is said that Psalms 113-118 were ordained by the prophets and Torah scholars to be recited as a unit on special holy days. The unit was called the Hallel (Heb “Praise”).
Psalm 113:1According to Jewish tradition, one who had the office of Reader in a congregation would read the Psalms of the Hallel aloud, and when he came to a command to “Praise the Lord” (Heb Halelu Yah), it was the congregation’s duty to respond with “Hallelujah!”
Psalm 114:3Some of the ancient rabbis said that the sea saw God’s right hand placed on Moses. Others said that it saw God’s name (YHWH) engraved on Moses’ staff.
Psalm 116:6In Jewish tradition this became a common saying to explain how some people could do ill-advised things and not suffer for them.
Psalm 116:15The ancient rabbis interpreted this verse to mean that it is hard for God to declare death upon the righteous.
Psalm 118:22This refers either to the prominent stone at the top of a corner tower, or perhaps more likely to the stone at the foundation of a corner, the first stone laid for a structure (cf Eph 2:20). The special significance of the latter is that the shape of its sides determined how the walls were laid out. The verse refers prophetically to Jesus the Messiah (see Matt 21:42 etc.), but the ancient rabbis interpreted it as a reference to David, who started as a humble shepherd, not the background one would expect for a king. Some prophetic passages refer to an event in the past that is a precursor or foreshadowing of the future prophetic event.
Psalm 118:27Lit branches. In Jewish tradition this is interpreted as a ritual for the Feast of Booths. The term “festival” is understood as a reference to the lulav, several branches bound together and later placed against the altar so that they reach to the top of the horns and bend over the altar.
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