23 When you sit down to dine with a ruler, Consider carefully [a]what is before you, 2 And put a knife to your throat If you are a man of great appetite. 3 Do not desire his delicacies, For it is deceptive food.
4 Do not weary yourself to gain wealth, Cease from your [b]consideration of it. 5 [c]When you set your eyes on it, it is gone. For wealth certainly makes itself wings Like an eagle that flies toward the heavens.
6 Do not eat the bread of [d]a selfish man, Or desire his delicacies; 7 For as he [e]thinks within himself, so he is. He says to you, “Eat and drink!” But his heart is not with you. 8 You will vomit up [f]the morsel you have eaten, And waste your [g]compliments.
9 Do not speak in the [h]hearing of a fool, For he will despise the wisdom of your words.
10 Do not move the ancient boundary Or go into the fields of the fatherless, 11 For their Redeemer is strong; He will plead their case against you. 12 Apply your heart to discipline And your ears to words of knowledge.
13 Do not hold back discipline from the child, Although you [i]strike him with the rod, he will not die. 14 You shall [j]strike him with the rod And rescue his soul from Sheol.
15 My son, if your heart is wise, My own heart also will be glad; 16 And my [k]inmost being will rejoice When your lips speak what is right.
17 Do not let your heart envy sinners, But live in the [l]fear of the Lord[m]always. 18 Surely there is a [n]future, And your hope will not be cut off. 19 Listen, my son, and be wise, And direct your heart in the way. 20 Do not be with heavy drinkers of wine, Or with gluttonous eaters of meat; 21 For the heavy drinker and the glutton will come to poverty, And drowsiness will clothe one with rags.
22 Listen to your father who begot you, And do not despise your mother when she is old. 23 Buy truth, and do not sell it, Get wisdom and instruction and understanding.
24 The father of the righteous will greatly rejoice, And he who sires a wise son will be glad in him. 25 Let your father and your mother be glad, And let her rejoice who gave birth to you.
26 Give me your heart, my son, And let your eyes [o]delight in my ways. 27 For a harlot is a deep pit And an [p]adulterous woman is a narrow well. 28 Surely she lurks as a robber, And increases the [q]faithless among men.
29 Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has contentions? Who has complaining? Who has wounds without cause? Who has redness of eyes? 30 Those who linger long over wine, Those who go to [r]taste mixed wine. 31 Do not look on the wine when it is red, When it [s]sparkles in the cup, When it goes down smoothly; 32 At the last it bites like a serpent And stings like a viper. 33 Your eyes will see strange things And your [t]mind will utter perverse things. 34 And you will be like one who lies down in the [u]middle of the sea, Or like one who lies down on the top of a [v]mast. 35 “They struck me, but I did not become [w]ill; They beat me, but I did not know it. When shall I awake? I will seek [x]another drink.”
Precepts and Warnings
24 Do not be envious of evil men, Nor desire to be with them; 2 For their [y]minds devise violence, And their lips talk of trouble.
3 By wisdom a house is built, And by understanding it is established; 4 And by knowledge the rooms are filled With all precious and pleasant riches.
5 A wise man is [z]strong, And a man of knowledge [aa]increases power. 6 For by wise guidance you will [ab]wage war, And in abundance of counselors there is victory.
7 Wisdom is too exalted for a fool, He does not open his mouth in the gate.
8 One who plans to do evil, Men will call a [ac]schemer. 9 The devising of folly is sin, And the scoffer is an abomination to men.
10 If you are slack in the day of distress, Your strength is limited.
11 Deliver those who are being taken away to death, And those who are staggering to slaughter, Oh hold them back. 12 If you say, “See, we did not know this,” Does He not consider itwho weighs the hearts? And does He not know it who keeps your soul? And will He not [ad]render to man according to his work?
13 My son, eat honey, for it is good, Yes, the honey from the comb is sweet to your taste; 14 Know thatwisdom is thus for your soul; If you find it, then there will be a [ae]future, And your hope will not be cut off.
15 Do not lie in wait, O wicked man, against the dwelling of the righteous; Do not destroy his resting place; 16 For a righteous man falls seven times, and rises again, But the wicked stumble in time of calamity.
17 Do not rejoice when your enemy falls, And do not let your heart be glad when he stumbles; 18 Or the Lord will see it and [af]be displeased, And turn His anger away from him.
19 Do not fret because of evildoers Or be envious of the wicked; 20 For there will be no [ag]future for the evil man; The lamp of the wicked will be put out.
21 My son, [ah]fear the Lord and the king; Do not associate with those who are given to change, 22 For their calamity will rise suddenly, And who knows the ruin that comes from both of them?
23 These also are sayings of the wise. To [ai]show partiality in judgment is not good. 24 He who says to the wicked, “You are righteous,” Peoples will curse him, nations will abhor him; 25 But to those who rebuke the wicked will be delight, And a good blessing will come upon them. 26 He kisses the lips Who gives [aj]a right answer.
27 Prepare your work outside And make it ready for yourself in the field; Afterwards, then, build your house.
28 Do not be a witness against your neighbor without cause, And do not deceive with your lips. 29 Do not say, “Thus I shall do to him as he has done to me; I will [ak]render to the man according to his work.”
30 I passed by the field of the sluggard And by the vineyard of the man lacking [al]sense, 31 And behold, it was completely overgrown with thistles; Its surface was covered with [am]nettles, And its stone wall was broken down. 32 When I saw, I [an]reflected upon it; I looked, and received instruction. 33 “A little sleep, a little slumber, A little folding of the hands to rest,” 34 Then your poverty will come as[ao]a robber And your want like [ap]an armed man.
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