23 ·If [or When] you sit down to eat with a ruler, notice ·the food that [L what] is in front of you. 2 ·Control yourself [L Place a knife at your throat] ·if you have a big [or to control your] appetite. 3 Don’t ·be greedy [long] for his fine foods, because that food might be ·a trick [false; deceptive].
4 Don’t wear yourself out trying to get rich; be wise enough to ·control [stop] yourself. 5 ·Wealth can vanish in the wink of an eye [L Your eye can fly to it and it will be gone]. It can seem to grow wings and fly away like an eagle.
6 Don’t eat the food of ·selfish [stingy; L evil eye] people; don’t ·be greedy [long] for their ·fine foods [delicacies]. 7 ·Selfish people are always worrying about how much the food costs [L They calculate in their minds; or They are like a hair in the throat]. They tell you, “Eat and drink,” but ·they don’t really mean it [L their heart is not with you]. 8 You will ·throw up [vomit] the ·little [L crust] you have eaten, and you will have wasted your ·kind [pleasant] words.
9 Don’t speak in the ears of fools [Matt. 7:6]; they will only ·ignore [despise] your ·wise [insightful] words.
10 Don’t move an ·old stone that marks a border [ancient boundary marker; 22:28], and don’t ·take [invade] fields that belong to orphans. 11 God, their ·defender [redeemer], is strong; he will ·take their side [bring charges; make accusations] against you.
12 ·Remember what you are taught [L Bring your heart to discipline/instruction], ·and listen carefully [L your ear] to words of knowledge.
13 Don’t ·fail to punish [L withhold instruction/discipline from] children. If you ·spank them [L strike them with a rod], they won’t die. 14 If you ·spank them [L strike them with a rod], you will save ·them from death [L their lives from Sheol/the grave].
15 My child, if ·you are [L your heart is] wise, then ·I [L my heart] will be happy. 16 ·I will be so pleased [L My inmost being will rejoice] if you speak ·what is right [with integrity].
17 Don’t let your heart envy sinners [Ps. 73], but always ·respect [fear; 1:7] the Lord. 18 Then you will have a future, and your ·wishes [hopes] will ·come true [L not be cut off].
19 Listen, my child, and be wise. Keep your ·mind on what is right [L heart straight on the path]. 20 Don’t ·drink too much [get drunk on] wine or ·eat too much food [L stuff yourself with meat]. 21 Those who ·drink [get drunk] and ·eat too much [stuff themselves] ·become poor [lose possessions]. They ·sleep too much [or are in a stupor] and end up wearing rags.
22 Listen to your father, who ·gave you life [begot you], and do not ·forget [despise] your mother when she is old. 23 ·Learn [L Buy; Acquire] the truth and never ·reject [L sell] it. ·Get [Buy; Acquire] wisdom, ·self-control [instruction; discipline], and understanding. 24 The father of a ·good [righteous] child is very happy; parents who have wise children are glad because of them. 25 Make your father and mother happy; give ·your mother [L the one who bore you] a reason to be glad.
26 My son, ·pay attention [L give your heart] to me, and ·watch closely what I do [let your eyes watch/or delight in my path]. 27 A prostitute is as dangerous as a deep pit, and an ·unfaithful wife [L foreign woman] is like a narrow well. 28 They ambush you like robbers and cause many men to be unfaithful to their wives.
29 Who ·has trouble [L cries “Woe!”]? Who ·has pain [L cries “Alas!”]? Who ·fights [has conflicts]? Who complains? Who has unnecessary bruises? Who has ·bloodshot [glazed] eyes? 30 It is people who ·drink too much [L linger over] wine, who ·try out all different kinds of strong drinks [L go in search of the mixing vessel]. 31 Don’t stare at the wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup, when it goes down smoothly. 32 Later it bites like a snake with poison ·in its fangs [L like a viper]. 33 Your eyes will see strange sights, and your ·mind will be confused [L heart will speak perverse things]. 34 You will ·feel dizzy as if you’re in a storm on [L be like one who lies down in the heart of] the ocean, as if you’re on top of a ship’s ·sails [mast]. 35 You will think, “They hit me, but ·I’m not hurt [L I feel no pain]. They beat me up, but I don’t ·remember [know] it. I wish I could wake up. Then I would ·get another drink [L look for it].”
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