This is what the Lord God says about Edom [C the Edomites were descendants of Esau, Jacob’s twin brother (Gen. 25); they were often in conflict with Israel]: We have heard a ·message [report] from the Lord. A ·messenger [envoy] has been sent among the nations, saying, “·Attack [L Rise up]! Let’s go ·attack [L rise to battle against] Edom!”
The Lord Speaks to the Edomites
2 “·Soon [L Look; T Behold] I will make you ·the smallest of [or weak among the] nations. You will be greatly ·hated [despised] by everyone. 3 Your pride has ·fooled [deceived] you, you who live in the ·hollow places of the cliff [T clefts of the rock]. Your home is ·up high [on the heights], you who say to yourself, ‘·No one can [L Who can…?] bring me down to the ground.’ 4 Even if you ·fly high [soar] like the eagle and make your nest among the stars, I will bring you down from there,” says the Lord. 5 “You will really be ·ruined [L cut off]! If thieves came to you, if ·robbers [plunderers] came by night, they would steal only enough for themselves. If workers came and picked the grapes from your vines, they would leave ·a few behind [some for the poor; the gleanings]. 6 But you, Edom, will ·really lose everything [be cleaned/L searched out]! People will find all your hidden treasures! 7 All ·the people who are your friends [your allies; L the people of your covenant/treaty] will force you ·out of the land [L to the border]. The people ·who are at peace with you [or who promised you peace; L of your peace] will ·trick [deceive] you and ·defeat [overpower] you. Those who eat your bread [C indicating fellowship and friendship] with you now are planning a trap for you, and you will ·not notice it [be taken by surprise; have no understanding].”
8 The Lord says, “On that day I will surely destroy the wise people from Edom, and those with understanding from the mountains of Edom. 9 Then, city of Teman, your ·best warriors [mighty men] will be ·afraid [dismayed], and everyone from the mountains of Edom will be ·killed [L cut down in the slaughter]. 10 You did violence to your ·relatives, the Israelites [L brother Jacob; verse 1; Gen. 25], so you will be covered with shame and destroyed forever. 11 You stood ·aside without helping [aloof] ·while [L on the day] strangers carried Israel’s ·treasures [wealth; or army] away. When foreigners entered Israel’s city gate and threw lots to decide ·what part of Jerusalem they would take [L for Jerusalem], you were like one of them.
Commands That Edom Broke
12 “Edom, ·do not laugh at [or you should not have gloated over] your ·brother Israel [L brother] in his time of ·trouble [misfortune] or ·be happy [rejoice] about the ·people [sons; descendants] of Judah ·when they are destroyed [L on the day of destruction]. Do not ·brag [boast; act with arrogance] ·when cruel things are done to them [L on the day of distress]. 13 Do not enter the city gate of my people [C to plunder their goods] in their ·time [L day] of ·trouble [disaster; C the Hebrew word for “trouble” sounds like Edom] or ·laugh at their problems [gloat over them] in their ·time [L day] of ·trouble [disaster]. Do not ·take their treasures [loot their wealth] in their ·time [L day] of ·trouble [disaster]. 14 Do not stand at the crossroads to ·destroy [L cut off] ·those who are trying to escape [their fugitives]. Do not capture ·those who escape alive [their survivors] and turn them over to their enemy in their ·time [L day] of ·trouble [adversity].
The Nations Will Be Judged
15 “The ·Lord’s day of judging [L day of the Lord] is ·coming soon [near] to all the nations. ·The same evil things you did to other people [L As you have done] ·will happen [L it will be done] to you; ·they [L recompense; reprisal] will come back upon your own head. 16 Because you drank in my ·Temple [L holy mountain], all the nations will drink ·on and on [continually]. They will drink and ·drink [L swallow] ·until they disappear [L and be as though they were not]. 17 But on Mount Zion ·some will escape the judgment [L there will be escape], and it will be a holy place. The ·people [L house] of Jacob will ·take back their land from those who ·took it from them [L possess their possessions]. 18 The ·people [L house] of Jacob will be like a fire and the ·people [L house] of Joseph [C the Israelite tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh (Joseph’s sons, Jacob’s grandsons), representing the northern kingdom] like a flame. But the ·people [L house] of Esau [C the Edomites] will be like ·dry stalks [stubble]. The ·people [L house] of Jacob will set them on fire and burn them up. There will be no ·one left [survivors] of the ·people [L house] of Esau.” ·This will happen because [L For] the Lord has said it.
19 ·Then God’s people will regain southern Judah from Edom; they will take back [L The Negev shall possess] the mountains of ·Edom [L Esau]. ·They will take back the western hills from [L The Shephelah/foothills shall possess] the Philistines. They will ·regain [possess] the ·lands [L fields] of Ephraim and Samaria, and Benjamin will ·take over [possess] Gilead [C east of the Jordan River]. 20 ·People from [L This host of the sons/T children of] Israel who once were ·forced to leave their homes [exiled] will take the land of the Canaanites, all the way to Zarephath [C in Phoenicia in the far northeast]. ·People from Judah who once were forced to leave Jerusalem and [L The exiles of Jerusalem who] live in Sepharad [C unknown location, perhaps Sardis (in present-day Turkey)] will take back the cities of ·southern Judah [L the Negev]. 21 ·Powerful warriors [Deliverers; Saviors; or Those who have been rescued/delivered] will go up on Mount Zion, where they will rule ·the people living on Edom’s mountains [L Mount Esau]. And the kingdom will belong to the Lord.
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