Transjordan Settlements

32 The Reubenites and Gadites had a very large number of livestock. When they surveyed the lands of Jazer(A) and Gilead, they saw that the region was a good one for livestock. So the Gadites and Reubenites came to Moses, the priest Eleazar, and the leaders of the community and said, “The territory of Ataroth, Dibon, Jazer, Nimrah, Heshbon, Elealeh, Sebam,[a] Nebo, and Beon,(B) which the Lord struck down(C) before the community of Israel,(D) is good land for livestock, and your servants own livestock.” They said, “If we have found favor with you, let this land be given to your servants as a possession. Don’t make us cross the Jordan.”

But Moses asked the Gadites and Reubenites, “Should your brothers go to war while you stay here? Why are you discouraging the Israelites from crossing into the land the Lord has given them? That’s what your ancestors did when I sent them from Kadesh-barnea to see the land.(E) After they went up as far as Eshcol Valley and saw the land, they discouraged the Israelites from entering the land the Lord had given them. 10 So the Lord’s anger burned that day, and he swore an oath:(F) 11 ‘Because they did not remain loyal to me,(G) none of the men twenty years old or more who came up from Egypt will see the land I swore to give Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob(H) 12 none except Caleb(I) son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite and Joshua(J) son of Nun, because they did remain loyal to the Lord.’ 13 The Lord’s anger burned against Israel, and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years until the whole generation that had done what was evil in the Lord’s sight was gone.(K) 14 And here you, a brood of sinners, stand in your ancestors’ place adding even more to the Lord’s burning anger against Israel. 15 If you turn back from following him,(L) he will once again leave this people in the wilderness, and you will destroy all of them.”

16 Then they approached him and said, “We want to build sheep pens here for our livestock and cities for our dependents. 17 But we will arm ourselves and be ready to go ahead of the Israelites until we have brought them into their place.(M) Meanwhile, our dependents will remain in the fortified cities because of the inhabitants of the land. 18 We will not return to our homes until each of the Israelites has taken possession of his inheritance.(N) 19 Yet we will not have an inheritance with them across the Jordan and beyond, because our inheritance will be across the Jordan to the east.”(O)

20 Moses replied to them, “If you do this—if you arm yourselves for battle before the Lord, 21 and every one of your armed men crosses the Jordan before the Lord until he has driven his enemies from his presence, 22 and the land is subdued before the Lord—afterward you may return and be free from obligation to the Lord and to Israel. And this land will belong to you as a possession before the Lord. 23 But if you don’t do this, you will certainly sin against the Lord; be sure your sin will catch up with you. 24 Build cities for your dependents and pens for your flocks, but do what you have promised.”(P)

25 The Gadites and Reubenites answered Moses, “Your servants will do just as my lord commands. 26 Our dependents, wives, livestock, and all our animals will remain here in the cities of Gilead, 27 but your servants are equipped for war before the Lord and will go across to the battle as my lord orders.”

28 So Moses gave orders about them to the priest Eleazar, Joshua son of Nun, and the family heads of the Israelite tribes. 29 Moses told them, “If the Gadites and Reubenites cross the Jordan with you, every man in battle formation before the Lord, and the land is subdued before you, you are to give them the land of Gilead as a possession.(Q) 30 But if they don’t go across with you in battle formation, they must accept land in Canaan with you.”

31 The Gadites and Reubenites replied, “What the Lord has spoken to your servants is what we will do. 32 We will cross over in battle formation before the Lord into the land of Canaan, but we will keep our hereditary possession across the Jordan.”

33 So Moses gave them—the Gadites, Reubenites, and half the tribe of Manasseh son of Joseph—the kingdom of King Sihon of the Amorites and the kingdom of King Og of Bashan, the land including its cities with the territories surrounding them.(R) 34 The Gadites rebuilt Dibon, Ataroth, Aroer, 35 Atroth-shophan, Jazer, Jogbehah, 36 Beth-nimrah, and Beth-haran(S) as fortified cities, and built sheep pens. 37 The Reubenites rebuilt Heshbon, Elealeh, Kiriathaim, 38 as well as Nebo and Baal-meon (whose names were changed), and Sibmah. They gave names to the cities they rebuilt.

39 The descendants of Machir(T) son of Manasseh went to Gilead, captured it, and drove out the Amorites who were there. 40 So Moses gave Gilead to the clan of Machir son of Manasseh, and they settled in it.(U) 41 Jair, a descendant of Manasseh, went and captured their villages, which he renamed Jair’s Villages.[b](V) 42 Nobah went and captured Kenath with its surrounding villages and called it Nobah after his own name.

Wilderness Travels Reviewed

33 These were the stages of the Israelites’ journey when they went out of the land of Egypt by their military divisions under the leadership of Moses and Aaron. At the Lord’s command, Moses wrote down the starting points for the stages of their journey; these are the stages listed by their starting points:

They traveled from Rameses(W) in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the month. On the day after the Passover(X) the Israelites went out defiantly[c](Y) in the sight of all the Egyptians. Meanwhile, the Egyptians were burying every firstborn male the Lord had struck down among them, for the Lord had executed judgment against their gods.(Z) The Israelites traveled from Rameses and camped at Succoth.(AA)

They traveled from Succoth and camped at Etham,(AB) which is on the edge of the wilderness.

They traveled from Etham and turned back to Pi-hahiroth, which faces Baal-zephon, and they camped before Migdol.(AC)

They traveled from Pi-hahiroth[d] and crossed through the middle of the sea(AD) into the wilderness. They took a three-day journey into the Wilderness of Etham and camped at Marah.(AE)

They traveled from Marah and came to Elim.(AF) There were twelve springs and seventy date palms at Elim, so they camped there.

10 They traveled from Elim and camped by the Red Sea.

11 They traveled from the Red Sea and camped in the Wilderness of Sin.(AG)

12 They traveled from the Wilderness of Sin and camped in Dophkah.

13 They traveled from Dophkah and camped at Alush.

14 They traveled from Alush and camped at Rephidim,(AH) where there was no water for the people to drink.(AI)

15 They traveled from Rephidim and camped in the Wilderness of Sinai.(AJ)

16 They traveled from the Wilderness of Sinai and camped at Kibroth-hattaavah.(AK)

17 They traveled from Kibroth-hattaavah and camped at Hazeroth.(AL)

18 They traveled from Hazeroth and camped at Rithmah.

19 They traveled from Rithmah and camped at Rimmon-perez.

20 They traveled from Rimmon-perez and camped at Libnah.

21 They traveled from Libnah and camped at Rissah.

22 They traveled from Rissah and camped at Kehelathah.

23 They traveled from Kehelathah and camped at Mount Shepher.

24 They traveled from Mount Shepher and camped at Haradah.

25 They traveled from Haradah and camped at Makheloth.

26 They traveled from Makheloth and camped at Tahath.

27 They traveled from Tahath and camped at Terah.

28 They traveled from Terah and camped at Mithkah.

29 They traveled from Mithkah and camped at Hashmonah.

30 They traveled from Hashmonah and camped at Moseroth.

31 They traveled from Moseroth and camped at Bene-jaakan.(AM)

32 They traveled from Bene-jaakan and camped at Hor-haggidgad.

33 They traveled from Hor-haggidgad and camped at Jotbathah.

34 They traveled from Jotbathah and camped at Abronah.

35 They traveled from Abronah and camped at Ezion-geber.(AN)

36 They traveled from Ezion-geber and camped in the Wilderness of Zin(AO) (that is, Kadesh).

37 They traveled from Kadesh and camped at Mount Hor(AP) on the edge of the land of Edom. 38 At the Lord’s command, the priest Aaron climbed Mount Hor and died there on the first day of the fifth month in the fortieth year after the Israelites went out of the land of Egypt.(AQ) 39 Aaron was 123 years old when he died on Mount Hor. 40 At that time the Canaanite king of Arad, who lived in the Negev in the land of Canaan,(AR) heard the Israelites were coming.

41 They traveled from Mount Hor and camped at Zalmonah.

42 They traveled from Zalmonah and camped at Punon.

43 They traveled from Punon and camped at Oboth.(AS)

44 They traveled from Oboth and camped at Iye-abarim on the border of Moab.(AT)

45 They traveled from Iyim[e] and camped at Dibon-gad.(AU)

46 They traveled from Dibon-gad and camped at Almon-diblathaim.(AV)

47 They traveled from Almon-diblathaim and camped in the Abarim(AW) range facing Nebo.(AX)

48 They traveled from the Abarim range and camped on the plains of Moab by the Jordan across from Jericho.(AY) 49 They camped by the Jordan from Beth-jeshimoth(AZ) to the Acacia Meadow[f](BA) on the plains of Moab.

Instructions for Occupying Canaan

50 The Lord spoke to Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan across from Jericho, 51 “Tell the Israelites: When you cross the Jordan into the land of Canaan, 52 you must drive out all the inhabitants of the land before you, destroy all their stone images(BB) and cast images,(BC) and demolish all their high places. 53 You are to take possession of the land and settle in it because I have given you the land(BD) to possess. 54 You are to receive the land as an inheritance by lot according to your clans. Increase the inheritance for a large clan and decrease it for a small one. Whatever place the lot indicates for someone will be his. You will receive an inheritance according to your ancestral tribes. 55 But if you don’t drive out the inhabitants of the land before you, those you allow to remain will become barbs for your eyes and thorns for your sides; they will harass you in the land where you will live. 56 And what I had planned to do to them, I will do to you.”(BE)


  1. 32:3 Sam, LXX read Sibmah (v. 38); Syr reads Sebah
  2. 32:41 Or renamed Havvoth-jair
  3. 33:3 Lit with a raised hand; Ex 14:8
  4. 33:8 Some Hb mss, Sam, Syr, Vg; other Hb mss read from before Hahiroth
  5. 33:45 A shortened form of Iye-abarim
  6. 33:49 Or to Abel-shittim

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