Edom Denies Passage

14 Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, “This is what your brother Israel(A) says, ‘You know all the hardships that have overtaken us. 15 Our fathers went down to Egypt, and we lived in Egypt many years, but the Egyptians treated us and our fathers badly. 16 When we cried out to the Lord, He heard our voice, sent an angel,[a](B) and brought us out of Egypt. Now look, we are in Kadesh, a city on the border of your territory. 17 Please let us travel through your land. We won’t travel through any field or vineyard, or drink any well water. We will travel the King’s Highway; we won’t turn to the right or the left until we have traveled through your territory.’”(C)

18 But Edom answered him, “You must not travel through our land, or we will come out and confront you with the sword.”

19 “We will go on the main road,” the Israelites replied to them, “and if we or our herds drink your water, we will pay its price.(D) There will be no problem; only let us travel through on foot.”

20 Yet Edom insisted, “You must not travel through.” And they came out to confront them with a large force of heavily-armed people.[b] 21 Edom refused to allow Israel to travel through their territory, and Israel turned away from them.

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Footnotes

  1. Numbers 20:16 Or a messenger
  2. Numbers 20:20 Lit with numerous people and a strong hand

The Lord’s Day of Vengeance

63 Who is this coming from Edom(A)
in crimson-stained garments from Bozrah—
this One who is splendid in His apparel,
rising up proudly[a] in His great might?

It is I, proclaiming vindication,[b]
powerful to save.

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Footnotes

  1. Isaiah 63:1 Syr, Vg read apparel, striding forward
  2. Isaiah 63:1 Or righteousness

Prophecies against Edom

About Edom, this is what the Lord of Hosts says:

Is there no longer wisdom in Teman?[a]
Has counsel perished from the prudent?
Has their wisdom rotted away?(A)
Run! Turn back! Lie low,
residents of Dedan,(B)
for I will bring Esau’s calamity on him
at the time I punish him.(C)

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Footnotes

  1. Jeremiah 49:7 = a region or city in Edom

20 Therefore, hear the plans that the Lord has drawn up against Edom and the strategies He has devised against the people of Teman:(A) The flock’s little lambs will certainly be dragged away,(B) and their grazing land will be made desolate because of them.

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Judgment against Edom

12 This is what the Lord God says: “Because Edom acted vengefully against the house of Judah(A) and incurred grievous guilt by taking revenge on them, 13 therefore this is what the Lord God says: I will stretch out My hand against Edom and cut off both man and animal from it. I will make it a wasteland; they will fall by the sword from Teman to Dedan. 14 I will take My vengeance(B) on Edom through My people Israel, and they will deal with Edom according to My anger and wrath. So they will know My vengeance.” This is the declaration of the Lord God.

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A Prophecy against Edom

35 The word of the Lord came to me: “Son of man, turn your face toward Mount Seir(A) and prophesy against it. Say to it: This is what the Lord God says:

Look! I am against you, Mount Seir.
I will stretch out My hand against you
and make you a desolate waste.(B)
I will turn your cities into ruins,
and you will become a desolation.
Then you will know that I am Yahweh.

“Because you maintained an ancient hatred(C) and handed over the Israelites to the power of the sword in the time of their disaster, the time of final punishment,(D) therefore, as I live”—this is the declaration of the Lord God—“I will destine you for bloodshed, and it will pursue you. Since you did not hate bloodshed, it will pursue you.(E) I will make Mount Seir a desolate waste and will cut off from it those who come and go.(F) I will fill its mountains with the slain;(G) those slain by the sword will fall on your hills, in your valleys, and in all your ravines. I will make you a perpetual desolation; your cities will not be inhabited. Then you will know that I am Yahweh.

10 “Because you said, ‘These two nations and two lands will be mine, and we will possess them’—though the Lord was there(H) 11 therefore, as I live”—the declaration of the Lord God—“I will treat you according to the anger and jealousy you showed in your hatred of them. I will make Myself known among them[a] when I judge you. 12 Then you will know that I, Yahweh, have heard all the blasphemies you uttered against the mountains of Israel, saying, ‘They are desolate. They have been given to us to devour!’ 13 You boasted against Me(I) with your mouth, and spoke many words against Me. I heard it Myself!

14 “This is what the Lord God says: While the whole world rejoices, I will make you a desolation. 15 Just as you rejoiced over the inheritance of the house of Israel because it became a desolation, so I will deal with you: you will become a desolation, Mount Seir, and so will all Edom in its entirety. Then they will know that I am Yahweh.

Footnotes

  1. Ezekiel 35:11 LXX reads you

19 Egypt will become desolate,
and Edom a desert wasteland,
because of the violence done to the people of Judah(A)
in whose land they shed innocent blood.

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11 The Lord says:

I will not relent from punishing Edom(A)
for three crimes, even four,
because he pursued his brother with the sword.(B)
He stifled his compassion,
his anger tore at them(C) continually,
and he harbored his rage incessantly.
12 Therefore, I will send fire against Teman,(D)
and it will consume the citadels of Bozrah.

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The vision of Obadiah.

Edom’s Certain Judgment

This is what the Lord God has said about Edom:(A)

We have heard a message from the Lord;(B)
a messenger has been sent(C) among the nations:
“Rise up,(D) and let us go to war against her.”[a]
Look, I will make you insignificant(E)
among the nations;
you will be deeply despised.
Your presumptuous heart has deceived you,(F)
you who live in clefts of the rock[b][c](G)
in your home on the heights,
who say to yourself,
“Who can bring me down to the ground?”(H)
Though you seem to soar[d] like an eagle(I)
and make your nest among the stars,(J)
even from there I will bring you down.
This is the Lord’s declaration.

If thieves came to you,(K)
if marauders by night—
how ravaged you would be!—
wouldn’t they steal only what they wanted?
If grape pickers came to you,
wouldn’t they leave some grapes?(L)
How Esau will be pillaged,(M)
his hidden treasures searched out!(N)
Everyone who has a treaty with you(O)
will drive you to the border;
everyone at peace with you
will deceive and conquer you.
Those who eat your bread(P)
will set[e] a trap for you.
He will be unaware of it.(Q)
In that day—
this is the Lord’s declaration—
will I not eliminate the wise ones of Edom(R)
and those who understand
from the hill country of Esau?
Teman,[f](S) your warriors(T) will be terrified
so that everyone from the hill country of Esau
will be destroyed by slaughter.(U)

Edom’s Sins against Judah

10 You will be covered with shame
and destroyed forever
because of violence done to your brother Jacob.(V)
11 On the day you stood aloof,(W)
on the day strangers captured his wealth,[g]
while foreigners entered his gate
and cast lots for Jerusalem,(X)
you were just like one of them.(Y)
12 Do not[h] gloat over your brother(Z)
in the day of his calamity;
do not rejoice over the people of Judah(AA)
in the day of their destruction;
do not boastfully mock[i](AB)
in the day of distress.(AC)
13 Do not enter the gate of My people
in the day of their disaster.(AD)
Yes, you—do not gloat over their misery
in the day of their disaster
and do not appropriate their possessions(AE)
in the day of their disaster.
14 Do not stand at the crossroads[j](AF)
to cut off their fugitives,
and do not hand over their survivors
in the day of distress.

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Footnotes

  1. Obadiah 1:1 = Edom
  2. Obadiah 1:3 Or in Sela; probably = Petra
  3. Obadiah 1:3 Probably Petra
  4. Obadiah 1:4 Or to build high
  5. Obadiah 1:7 Some LXX mss, Sym, Tg, Vg; MT reads They will set your bread as
  6. Obadiah 1:9 = a region or city in Edom
  7. Obadiah 1:11 Or forces
  8. Obadiah 1:12 Or You should not throughout vv. 12-14
  9. Obadiah 1:12 Lit not make your mouth big
  10. Obadiah 1:14 Hb obscure

Though Edom says: “We have been devastated, but we will rebuild[a] the ruins,” the Lord of Hosts says this: “They may build, but I will demolish. They will be called a wicked country(A) and the people the Lord has cursed[b] forever.(B)

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Footnotes

  1. Malachi 1:4 Or will return and build
  2. Malachi 1:4 Or Lord is angry with

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