Spies Sent into Canaan

13 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, (A)“Send men to spy out the land of Canaan, which I am giving to the people of Israel. From each tribe of their fathers you shall send a man, every one a chief among them.” So Moses sent them from (B)the wilderness of Paran, according to the command of the Lord, all of them men who were heads of the people of Israel. And these were their names: From the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the son of Zaccur; from the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat the son of Hori; (C)from the tribe of Judah, (D)Caleb the son of Jephunneh; from the tribe of Issachar, Igal the son of Joseph; from the tribe of Ephraim, (E)Hoshea the son of Nun; from the tribe of Benjamin, Palti the son of Raphu; 10 from the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel the son of Sodi; 11 from the tribe of Joseph (that is, from the tribe of Manasseh), Gaddi the son of Susi; 12 from the tribe of Dan, Ammiel the son of Gemalli; 13 from the tribe of Asher, Sethur the son of Michael; 14 from the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi the son of Vophsi; 15 from the tribe of Gad, Geuel the son of Machi. 16 These were the names of the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called (F)Hoshea the son of Nun Joshua.

17 Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan and said to them, “Go up into (G)the Negeb and go up into (H)the hill country, 18 and see what the land is, and whether the people who dwell in it are strong or weak, whether they are few or many, 19 and whether the land that they dwell in is good or bad, and whether the cities that they dwell in are camps or strongholds, 20 and whether the land is (I)rich or poor, and whether there are trees in it or not. (J)Be of good courage and bring some of the fruit of the land.” Now the time was the season of the first ripe grapes.

21 So they went up and spied out the land (K)from the wilderness of Zin to Rehob, (L)near Lebo-hamath. 22 They went up into (M)the Negeb and came to (N)Hebron. (O)Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the (P)descendants of Anak, were there. ((Q)Hebron was built seven years before (R)Zoan in Egypt.) 23 And (S)they came to the Valley of Eshcol and cut down from there a branch with a single cluster of grapes, and they carried it on a pole between two of them; they also brought some pomegranates and figs. 24 That place was called the Valley of Eshcol,[a] because of the cluster that the people of Israel cut down from there.

Report of the Spies

25 At the end of forty days they returned from spying out the land. 26 And they came to Moses and Aaron and to all the congregation of the people of Israel in the wilderness of Paran, at (T)Kadesh. They brought back word to them and to all the congregation, and showed them the fruit of the land. 27 And they told him, “We came to the land to which you sent us. It (U)flows with milk and honey, (V)and this is its fruit. 28 (W)However, the people who dwell in the land are strong, and the cities are fortified and very large. And besides, we saw the descendants of Anak there. 29 (X)The Amalekites dwell in the land of the Negeb. The Hittites, the Jebusites, and the Amorites dwell in the hill country. (Y)And the Canaanites dwell by the sea, and along the Jordan.”

30 But (Z)Caleb quieted the people before Moses and said, “Let us go up at once and occupy it, for we are well able to overcome it.” 31 (AA)Then the men who had gone up with him said, “We are not able to go up against the people, for they are stronger than we are.” 32 So (AB)they brought to the people of Israel a bad report of the land that they had spied out, saying, “The land, through which we have gone to spy it out, is a land that devours its inhabitants, and (AC)all the people that we saw in it are of great height. 33 And there we saw the (AD)Nephilim (the sons of Anak, who come from the (AE)Nephilim), and we seemed to ourselves (AF)like grasshoppers, and so we seemed to them.”

The People Rebel

14 Then all the congregation raised a loud cry, and the people (AG)wept that night. And all the people of Israel (AH)grumbled against Moses and Aaron. The whole congregation said to them, “Would that we had died in the land of Egypt! Or (AI)would that we had died in this wilderness! Why is the Lord bringing us into this land, to fall by the sword? (AJ)Our wives and our little ones will become a prey. Would it not be better for us to go back to Egypt?” And they said to one another, (AK)“Let us choose a leader and (AL)go back to Egypt.”

Then (AM)Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before all the assembly of the congregation of the people of Israel. (AN)And Joshua the son of Nun and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, who were among those who had spied out the land, tore their clothes and said to all the congregation of the people of Israel, (AO)“The land, which we passed through to spy it out, is an exceedingly good land. If (AP)the Lord delights in us, he will bring us into this land and give it to us, (AQ)a land that flows with milk and honey. Only (AR)do not rebel against the Lord. And (AS)do not fear the people of the land, for (AT)they are bread for us. Their protection is removed from them, and the Lord is with us; do not fear them.” 10 (AU)Then all the congregation said to stone them with stones. But (AV)the glory of the Lord appeared at the tent of meeting to all the people of Israel.

11 And the Lord said to Moses, “How long will this people (AW)despise me? And how long will they not (AX)believe in me, in spite of all the signs that I have done among them? 12 I will strike them with the pestilence and disinherit them, and I (AY)will make of you a nation greater and mightier than they.”

Moses Intercedes for the People

13 But (AZ)Moses said to the Lord, “Then the Egyptians will hear of it, for you brought up this people in your might from among them, 14 and they will tell the inhabitants of this land. (BA)They have heard that you, O Lord, are in the midst of this people. For you, O Lord, are seen face to face, and (BB)your cloud stands over them and you go before them, in a pillar of cloud by day and in a pillar of fire by night. 15 Now if you kill this people as one man, then the nations who have heard your fame will say, 16 ‘It is because the Lord (BC)was not able to bring this people into the land that he swore to give to them that he has killed them in the wilderness.’ 17 And now, please let the power of the Lord be great as you have promised, saying, 18 (BD)‘The Lord is slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love, forgiving iniquity and transgression, but he will by no means clear the guilty, (BE)visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, to the third and the fourth generation.’ 19 Please (BF)pardon the iniquity of this people, according to the greatness of your steadfast love, just (BG)as you have forgiven this people, from Egypt until now.”

God Promises Judgment

20 Then the Lord said, “I have pardoned, (BH)according to your word. 21 But truly, as I live, and as all (BI)the earth shall be filled with the glory of the Lord, 22 (BJ)none of the men who have seen my glory and my signs that I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and yet have put me to the test these (BK)ten times and have not obeyed my voice, 23 (BL)shall see the land that I swore to give to their fathers. And none of those who despised me shall see it. 24 But my servant (BM)Caleb, because he has a different spirit and has (BN)followed me fully, I will bring into the land into which he went, and his descendants shall possess it. 25 (BO)Now, since the Amalekites and the Canaanites dwell in the valleys, (BP)turn tomorrow and set out for the wilderness by the way to the Red Sea.”

26 And the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying, 27 “How long shall (BQ)this wicked congregation grumble against me? (BR)I have heard the grumblings of the people of Israel, which they grumble against me. 28 Say to them, (BS)‘As I live, declares the Lord, (BT)what you have said in my hearing I will do to you: 29 (BU)your dead bodies shall fall in this wilderness, and (BV)of all your number, listed in the census (BW)from twenty years old and upward, who have grumbled against me, 30 not one shall come into the land where I (BX)swore that I would make you dwell, (BY)except Caleb the son of Jephunneh and Joshua the son of Nun. 31 (BZ)But your little ones, who you said would become a prey, I will bring in, and they shall know the land that (CA)you have rejected. 32 But as for you, (CB)your dead bodies shall fall in this wilderness. 33 And your children (CC)shall be shepherds in the wilderness (CD)forty years and shall (CE)suffer for your faithlessness, until the last of your dead bodies lies in the wilderness. 34 (CF)According to the number of the days in which you spied out the land, (CG)forty days, a year for each day, you shall bear your iniquity forty years, and you shall know my displeasure.’ 35 (CH)I, the Lord, have spoken. Surely this will I do to all (CI)this wicked congregation who are gathered together against me: in this wilderness they shall come to a full end, and there they shall die.”

36 (CJ)And the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land, who returned and made all the congregation grumble against him by bringing up a bad report about the land— 37 the men who brought up a bad report of the land—(CK)died by plague before the Lord. 38 Of those men who went to spy out the land, (CL)only Joshua the son of Nun and Caleb the son of Jephunneh remained alive.

Israel Defeated in Battle

39 When Moses told these words to all the people of Israel, the people (CM)mourned greatly. 40 And they rose early in the morning and went up to the heights of the hill country, saying, (CN)“Here we are. We will go up to the place that the Lord has promised, for we have sinned.” 41 (CO)But Moses said, “Why now are you transgressing the command of the Lord, when that will not succeed? 42 (CP)Do not go up, (CQ)for the Lord is not among you, lest you be struck down before your enemies. 43 For there (CR)the Amalekites and the Canaanites are facing you, and you shall fall by the sword. Because you have turned back from following the Lord, the Lord will not be with you.” 44 (CS)But they presumed to go up to the heights of the hill country, although neither (CT)the ark of the covenant of the Lord nor Moses departed out of the camp. 45 Then (CU)the Amalekites and the Canaanites who lived in that hill country came down and defeated them and pursued them, even to (CV)Hormah.

Laws About Sacrifices

15 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, (CW)When you come into the land you are to inhabit, which I am giving you, and (CX)you offer to the Lord from the herd or from the flock a food offering[b] or a burnt offering or a sacrifice, (CY)to fulfill a vow or as a freewill offering or (CZ)at your appointed feasts, to make a (DA)pleasing aroma to the Lord, then (DB)he who brings his offering shall offer to the Lord (DC)a grain offering of a tenth of an ephah[c] of fine flour, (DD)mixed with a quarter of a hin[d] of oil; and you shall offer with the burnt offering, or for the sacrifice, a quarter of a hin of (DE)wine for the drink offering for each lamb. (DF)Or for a ram, you shall offer for a grain offering two tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with a third of a hin of oil. And for the drink offering you shall offer a third of a hin of wine, a (DG)pleasing aroma to the Lord. And when you offer a bull as a burnt offering or sacrifice, to (DH)fulfill a vow or for (DI)peace offerings to the Lord, then one shall offer (DJ)with the bull a grain offering of three tenths of an ephah of fine flour, mixed with half a hin of oil. 10 And you shall offer for the drink offering half a hin of wine, as a food offering, a pleasing aroma to the Lord.

11 (DK)“Thus it shall be done for each bull or ram, or for each lamb or young goat. 12 As many as you offer, so shall you do with each one, as many as there are. 13 Every native Israelite shall do these things in this way, in offering a food offering, with a pleasing aroma to the Lord. 14 And if a stranger is sojourning with you, or anyone is living permanently among you, and he wishes to offer a food offering, with a pleasing aroma to the Lord, he shall do as you do. 15 For the assembly, (DL)there shall be one statute for you and for the stranger who sojourns with you, a statute forever throughout your generations. You and the sojourner shall be alike before the Lord. 16 One law and one rule shall be for you and for the stranger who sojourns with you.”

17 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 18 (DM)“Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, When you come into the land to which I bring you 19 and when you eat of (DN)the bread of the land, you shall present a contribution to the Lord. 20 (DO)Of the first of your dough you shall present a loaf as a contribution; like a (DP)contribution from the threshing floor, so shall you present it. 21 (DQ)Some of the first of your dough you shall give to the Lord as a contribution throughout your generations.

Laws About Unintentional Sins

22 (DR)“But if you sin unintentionally,[e] and do not observe all these commandments that the Lord has spoken to Moses, 23 all that the Lord has commanded you by Moses, from the day that the Lord gave commandment, and onward throughout your generations, 24 then if it was done unintentionally (DS)without the knowledge of the congregation, all the congregation shall offer one bull from the herd for a burnt offering, a pleasing aroma to the Lord, (DT)with its grain offering and its drink offering, according to the rule, and (DU)one male goat for a sin offering. 25 (DV)And the priest shall make atonement for all the congregation of the people of Israel, and they shall be forgiven, because it was a mistake, and they have brought their offering, a food offering to the Lord, and their sin offering before the Lord for their mistake. 26 And all the congregation of the people of Israel shall be forgiven, and the stranger who sojourns among them, because the whole population was involved in the mistake.

27 (DW)“If one person sins unintentionally, he shall offer a female goat a year old for a sin offering. 28 (DX)And the priest shall make atonement before the Lord for the person who makes a mistake, when he sins unintentionally, to make atonement for him, and he shall be forgiven. 29 (DY)You shall have one law for him who does anything unintentionally, for him who is native among the people of Israel and for the stranger who sojourns among them. 30 (DZ)But the person who does anything with a high hand, whether he is native or a sojourner, reviles the Lord, and that person shall be cut off from among his people. 31 Because he has (EA)despised the word of the Lord and has broken his commandment, that person shall be utterly cut off; his iniquity shall be on him.”

A Sabbathbreaker Executed

32 While the people of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man (EB)gathering sticks on the Sabbath day. 33 And those who found him gathering sticks brought him to Moses and Aaron and to all the congregation. 34 (EC)They put him in custody, because it had not been made clear what should be done to him. 35 And the Lord said to Moses, (ED)“The man shall be put to death; all the congregation shall (EE)stone him with stones outside the camp.” 36 And all the congregation brought him outside the camp and stoned him to death with stones, as the Lord commanded Moses.

Tassels on Garments

37 The Lord said to Moses, 38 “Speak to the people of Israel, and tell them to (EF)make tassels on the corners of their garments throughout their generations, and to put a cord of blue on the tassel of each corner. 39 And it shall be a tassel for you to look at and remember all the commandments of the Lord, to do them, (EG)not to follow[f] after your own heart and your own eyes, which you are inclined (EH)to whore after. 40 So you shall remember and do all my commandments, and be (EI)holy to your God. 41 (EJ)I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God: I am the Lord your God.”


  1. Numbers 13:24 Eshcol means cluster
  2. Numbers 15:3 Or an offering by fire; so throughout Numbers
  3. Numbers 15:4 An ephah was about 3/5 bushel or 22 liters
  4. Numbers 15:4 A hin was about 4 quarts or 3.5 liters
  5. Numbers 15:22 Or by mistake; also verses 24, 27, 28, 29
  6. Numbers 15:39 Hebrew to spy out

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