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Numbers 24:18-20 New English Translation (NET Bible)

18 Edom will be a possession,
Seir,[a] his enemy, will also be a possession;
but Israel will act valiantly.
19 A ruler will be established from Jacob;
he will destroy the remains of the city.’”[b]

Balaam’s Final Prophecies

20 Then Balaam[c] looked on Amalek and delivered this oracle:[d]

“Amalek was the first[e] of the nations,
but his end will be that he will perish.”


  1. Numbers 24:18 sn Seir is the chief mountain range of Edom (Deut 33:2), and so the reference here is to the general area of Edom.
  2. Numbers 24:19 tn Or, understanding the Hebrew word for “city” as a place name, “of Ir” (cf. NRSV, NLT).
  3. Numbers 24:20 tn Heb “he”; the referent (Balaam) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
  4. Numbers 24:20 tn Heb “and he lifted up his oracle and said.” So also in vv. 21, 23.
  5. Numbers 24:20 sn This probably means that it held first place, or it thought that it was “the first of the nations.” It was not the first, either in order or greatness.
New English Translation (NET)

NET Bible® copyright ©1996-2017 by Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C. http://netbible.com All rights reserved.


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