11 but they are to do it on the fourteenth day of the second month(A) at twilight. They are to eat the lamb, together with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.(B)

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The king and his officials and the whole assembly in Jerusalem decided to celebrate(A) the Passover in the second month. They had not been able to celebrate it at the regular time because not enough priests had consecrated(B) themselves and the people had not assembled in Jerusalem. The plan seemed right both to the king and to the whole assembly. They decided to send a proclamation throughout Israel, from Beersheba to Dan,(C) calling the people to come to Jerusalem and celebrate the Passover to the Lord, the God of Israel. It had not been celebrated in large numbers according to what was written.

At the king’s command, couriers went throughout Israel and Judah with letters from the king and from his officials, which read:

“People of Israel, return to the Lord, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Israel, that he may return to you who are left, who have escaped from the hand of the kings of Assyria. Do not be like your parents(D) and your fellow Israelites, who were unfaithful(E) to the Lord, the God of their ancestors, so that he made them an object of horror,(F) as you see. Do not be stiff-necked,(G) as your ancestors were; submit to the Lord. Come to his sanctuary, which he has consecrated forever. Serve the Lord your God, so that his fierce anger(H) will turn away from you. If you return(I) to the Lord, then your fellow Israelites and your children will be shown compassion(J) by their captors and will return to this land, for the Lord your God is gracious and compassionate.(K) He will not turn his face from you if you return to him.”

10 The couriers went from town to town in Ephraim and Manasseh, as far as Zebulun, but people scorned and ridiculed(L) them. 11 Nevertheless, some from Asher, Manasseh and Zebulun humbled(M) themselves and went to Jerusalem.(N) 12 Also in Judah the hand of God was on the people to give them unity(O) of mind to carry out what the king and his officials had ordered, following the word of the Lord.

13 A very large crowd of people assembled in Jerusalem to celebrate the Festival of Unleavened Bread(P) in the second month. 14 They removed the altars(Q) in Jerusalem and cleared away the incense altars and threw them into the Kidron Valley.(R)

15 They slaughtered the Passover lamb on the fourteenth day of the second month. The priests and the Levites were ashamed and consecrated(S) themselves and brought burnt offerings to the temple of the Lord.

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36 These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled:(A) “Not one of his bones will be broken,”[a](B)

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Footnotes

  1. John 19:36 Exodus 12:46; Num. 9:12; Psalm 34:20

Do not eat it with bread made with yeast, but for seven days eat unleavened bread, the bread of affliction,(A) because you left Egypt in haste(B)—so that all the days of your life you may remember the time of your departure from Egypt.(C)

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Celebrate it at the appointed time, at twilight on the fourteenth day of this month,(A) in accordance with all its rules and regulations.(B)

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Passover Restrictions

43 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “These are the regulations for the Passover meal:(A)

“No foreigner(B) may eat it. 44 Any slave you have bought may eat it after you have circumcised(C) him, 45 but a temporary resident or a hired worker(D) may not eat it.

46 “It must be eaten inside the house; take none of the meat outside the house. Do not break any of the bones.(E) 47 The whole community of Israel must celebrate it.

48 “A foreigner residing among you who wants to celebrate the Lord’s Passover must have all the males in his household circumcised; then he may take part like one born in the land.(F) No uncircumcised(G) male may eat it. 49 The same law applies both to the native-born and to the foreigner(H) residing among you.”

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“This month is to be for you the first month,(A) the first month of your year. Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb[a](B) for his family, one for each household.(C) If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat. The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect,(D) and you may take them from the sheep or the goats. Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month,(E) when all the members of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight.(F) Then they are to take some of the blood(G) and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs. That same night(H) they are to eat the meat roasted(I) over the fire, along with bitter herbs,(J) and bread made without yeast.(K) Do not eat the meat raw or boiled in water, but roast it over a fire—with the head, legs and internal organs.(L) 10 Do not leave any of it till morning;(M) if some is left till morning, you must burn it. 11 This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste;(N) it is the Lord’s Passover.(O)

12 “On that same night I will pass through(P) Egypt and strike down(Q) every firstborn(R) of both people and animals, and I will bring judgment on all the gods(S) of Egypt. I am the Lord.(T) 13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over(U) you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.(V)

14 “This is a day you are to commemorate;(W) for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the Lord—a lasting ordinance.(X)

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Footnotes

  1. Exodus 12:3 The Hebrew word can mean lamb or kid; also in verse 4.

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