61 The following came up from the towns of Tel Melah, Tel Harsha, Kerub, Addon and Immer, but they could not show that their families were descended from Israel:

62 the descendants of
Delaiah, Tobiah and Nekoda642

63 And from among the priests:

the descendants of
Hobaiah, Hakkoz and Barzillai (a man who had married a daughter of Barzillai the Gileadite and was called by that name).

64 These searched for their family records, but they could not find them and so were excluded from the priesthood as unclean. 65 The governor, therefore, ordered them not to eat any of the most sacred food until there should be a priest ministering with the Urim and Thummim.(A)

66 The whole company numbered 42,360, 67 besides their 7,337 male and female slaves; and they also had 245 male and female singers. 68 There were 736 horses, 245 mules,[a] 69 435 camels and 6,720 donkeys.

70 Some of the heads of the families contributed to the work. The governor gave to the treasury 1,000 darics[b] of gold, 50 bowls and 530 garments for priests. 71 Some of the heads of the families(B) gave to the treasury for the work 20,000 darics[c] of gold and 2,200 minas[d] of silver. 72 The total given by the rest of the people was 20,000 darics of gold, 2,000 minas[e] of silver and 67 garments for priests.(C)

73 The priests, the Levites, the gatekeepers, the musicians and the temple servants,(D) along with certain of the people and the rest of the Israelites, settled in their own towns.(E)

Ezra Reads the Law

When the seventh month came and the Israelites had settled in their towns,(F) all the people came together as one in the square before the Water Gate.(G) They told Ezra the teacher of the Law to bring out the Book of the Law of Moses,(H) which the Lord had commanded for Israel.

So on the first day of the seventh month(I) Ezra the priest brought the Law(J) before the assembly, which was made up of men and women and all who were able to understand. He read it aloud from daybreak till noon as he faced the square before the Water Gate(K) in the presence of the men, women and others who could understand. And all the people listened attentively to the Book of the Law.

Ezra the teacher of the Law stood on a high wooden platform(L) built for the occasion. Beside him on his right stood Mattithiah, Shema, Anaiah, Uriah, Hilkiah and Maaseiah; and on his left were Pedaiah, Mishael, Malkijah, Hashum, Hashbaddanah, Zechariah and Meshullam.

Ezra opened the book. All the people could see him because he was standing(M) above them; and as he opened it, the people all stood up. Ezra praised the Lord, the great God; and all the people lifted their hands(N) and responded, “Amen! Amen!” Then they bowed down and worshiped the Lord with their faces to the ground.

The Levites(O)—Jeshua, Bani, Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodiah, Maaseiah, Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan and Pelaiah—instructed(P) the people in the Law while the people were standing there. They read from the Book of the Law of God, making it clear[f] and giving the meaning so that the people understood what was being read.

Then Nehemiah the governor, Ezra the priest and teacher of the Law, and the Levites(Q) who were instructing the people said to them all, “This day is holy to the Lord your God. Do not mourn or weep.”(R) For all the people had been weeping as they listened to the words of the Law.

10 Nehemiah said, “Go and enjoy choice food and sweet drinks, and send some to those who have nothing(S) prepared. This day is holy to our Lord. Do not grieve, for the joy(T) of the Lord is your strength.”

11 The Levites calmed all the people, saying, “Be still, for this is a holy day. Do not grieve.”

12 Then all the people went away to eat and drink, to send portions of food and to celebrate with great joy,(U) because they now understood the words that had been made known to them.

13 On the second day of the month, the heads of all the families, along with the priests and the Levites, gathered around Ezra the teacher to give attention to the words of the Law. 14 They found written in the Law, which the Lord had commanded through Moses, that the Israelites were to live in temporary shelters(V) during the festival of the seventh month 15 and that they should proclaim this word and spread it throughout their towns and in Jerusalem: “Go out into the hill country and bring back branches from olive and wild olive trees, and from myrtles, palms and shade trees, to make temporary shelters”—as it is written.[g]

16 So the people went out and brought back branches and built themselves temporary shelters on their own roofs, in their courtyards, in the courts of the house of God and in the square by the Water Gate(W) and the one by the Gate of Ephraim.(X) 17 The whole company that had returned from exile built temporary shelters and lived in them.(Y) From the days of Joshua son of Nun until that day, the Israelites had not celebrated(Z) it like this. And their joy was very great.

18 Day after day, from the first day to the last, Ezra read(AA) from the Book of the Law(AB) of God. They celebrated the festival for seven days, and on the eighth day, in accordance with the regulation,(AC) there was an assembly.(AD)

The Israelites Confess Their Sins

On the twenty-fourth day of the same month, the Israelites gathered together, fasting and wearing sackcloth and putting dust on their heads.(AE) Those of Israelite descent had separated themselves from all foreigners.(AF) They stood in their places and confessed their sins and the sins of their ancestors.(AG) They stood where they were and read from the Book of the Law of the Lord their God for a quarter of the day, and spent another quarter in confession and in worshiping the Lord their God. Standing on the stairs of the Levites(AH) were Jeshua, Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, Bani and Kenani. They cried out with loud voices to the Lord their God. And the Levites—Jeshua, Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabneiah, Sherebiah, Hodiah, Shebaniah and Pethahiah—said: “Stand up and praise the Lord your God,(AI) who is from everlasting to everlasting.[h]

“Blessed be your glorious name,(AJ) and may it be exalted above all blessing and praise. You alone are the Lord.(AK) You made the heavens,(AL) even the highest heavens, and all their starry host,(AM) the earth(AN) and all that is on it, the seas(AO) and all that is in them.(AP) You give life to everything, and the multitudes of heaven(AQ) worship you.

“You are the Lord God, who chose Abram(AR) and brought him out of Ur of the Chaldeans(AS) and named him Abraham.(AT) You found his heart faithful to you, and you made a covenant with him to give to his descendants the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Jebusites and Girgashites.(AU) You have kept your promise(AV) because you are righteous.(AW)

“You saw the suffering of our ancestors in Egypt;(AX) you heard their cry at the Red Sea.[i](AY) 10 You sent signs(AZ) and wonders(BA) against Pharaoh, against all his officials and all the people of his land, for you knew how arrogantly the Egyptians treated them. You made a name(BB) for yourself,(BC) which remains to this day. 11 You divided the sea before them,(BD) so that they passed through it on dry ground, but you hurled their pursuers into the depths,(BE) like a stone into mighty waters.(BF) 12 By day(BG) you led(BH) them with a pillar of cloud,(BI) and by night with a pillar of fire to give them light on the way they were to take.

13 “You came down on Mount Sinai;(BJ) you spoke(BK) to them from heaven.(BL) You gave them regulations and laws that are just(BM) and right, and decrees and commands that are good.(BN) 14 You made known to them your holy Sabbath(BO) and gave them commands, decrees and laws through your servant Moses. 15 In their hunger you gave them bread from heaven(BP) and in their thirst you brought them water from the rock;(BQ) you told them to go in and take possession of the land you had sworn with uplifted hand(BR) to give them.(BS)

16 “But they, our ancestors, became arrogant and stiff-necked,(BT) and they did not obey your commands.(BU) 17 They refused to listen and failed to remember(BV) the miracles(BW) you performed among them. They became stiff-necked(BX) and in their rebellion appointed a leader in order to return to their slavery.(BY) But you are a forgiving God,(BZ) gracious and compassionate,(CA) slow to anger(CB) and abounding in love.(CC) Therefore you did not desert them,(CD) 18 even when they cast for themselves an image of a calf(CE) and said, ‘This is your god, who brought you up out of Egypt,’ or when they committed awful blasphemies.(CF)

19 “Because of your great compassion you did not abandon(CG) them in the wilderness. By day the pillar of cloud(CH) did not fail to guide them on their path, nor the pillar of fire by night to shine on the way they were to take. 20 You gave your good Spirit(CI) to instruct(CJ) them. You did not withhold your manna(CK) from their mouths, and you gave them water(CL) for their thirst. 21 For forty years(CM) you sustained them in the wilderness; they lacked nothing,(CN) their clothes did not wear out nor did their feet become swollen.(CO)


  1. Nehemiah 7:68 Some Hebrew manuscripts (see also Ezra 2:66); most Hebrew manuscripts do not have this verse.
  2. Nehemiah 7:70 That is, about 19 pounds or about 8.4 kilograms
  3. Nehemiah 7:71 That is, about 375 pounds or about 170 kilograms; also in verse 72
  4. Nehemiah 7:71 That is, about 1 1/3 tons or about 1.2 metric tons
  5. Nehemiah 7:72 That is, about 1 1/4 tons or about 1.1 metric tons
  6. Nehemiah 8:8 Or God, translating it
  7. Nehemiah 8:15 See Lev. 23:37-40.
  8. Nehemiah 9:5 Or God for ever and ever
  9. Nehemiah 9:9 Or the Sea of Reeds

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