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After the wall was finished and we had hung the doors in the gates and had appointed the gatekeepers, singers, and Levites, I gave the responsibility of governing Jerusalem to my brother Hanani and to Hananiah, the commander of the fortress—a very faithful man who revered God more than most people do. I issued instructions to them not to open the Jerusalem gates until well after sunrise, and to close and lock them while the guards were still on duty. I also directed that the guards be residents of Jerusalem, and that they must be on duty at regular times, and that each homeowner who lived near the wall must guard the section of wall next to his own home. For the city was large, but the population was small; and only a few houses were scattered throughout the city.

Then the Lord told me to call together all the leaders of the city, along with the ordinary citizens, for registration. For I had found the record of the genealogies of those who had returned to Judah before, and this is what was written in it:

“The following is a list of the names of the Jews who returned to Judah after being exiled by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon.

“Their leaders were: Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispereth, Bigvai, Nehum, Baanah.

“The others who returned at that time were:

8-38 From the subclan of Parosh, 2,172;

From the subclan of Shephatiah, 372;

From the subclan of Arah, 652;

From the families of Jeshua and Joab of the subclan of Pahath-moab, 2,818;

From the subclan of Elam, 1,254;

From the subclan of Zattu, 845;

From the subclan of Zaccai, 760;

From the subclan of Binnui, 648;

From the subclan of Bebai, 628;

From the subclan of Azgad, 2,322;

From the subclan of Adonikam, 667;

From the subclan of Bigvai, 2,067;

From the subclan of Adin, 655;

From the family of Hezekiah of the subclan of Ater, 98;

From the subclan of Hashum, 328;

From the subclan of Bezai, 324;

From the subclan of Hariph, 112;

From the subclan of Gibeon, 95;

From the subclans of Bethlehem and Netophah, 188;

From the subclan of Anathoth, 128;

From the subclan of Beth-azmaveth, 42;

From the subclans of Kiriath-jearim, Chephirah, and Beeroth, 743;

From the subclans of Ramah and Geba, 621;

From the subclan of Michmas, 122;

From the subclans of Bethel and Ai, 123;

From the subclan of Nebo, 52;

From the subclan of Elam, 1,254;

From the subclan of Harim, 320;

From the subclan of Jericho, 345;

From the subclans of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, 721;

From the subclan of Senaah, 3,930.

39-42 “Here are the statistics concerning the returning priests:

From the family of Jeshua of the subclan of Jedaiah, 973;

From the subclan of Immer, 1,052;

From the subclan of Pashhur, 1,247;

From the subclan of Harim, 1,017.

43-45 “Here are the statistics concerning the Levites:

From the family of Kadmiel of the subclan of Hodevah of the clan of Jeshua, 74;

The choir members from the clan of Asaph, 148;

From the clans of Shallum, (all of whom were gatekeepers), 138.

46-56 “Of the Temple assistants, the following subclans were represented: Ziha, Hasupha, Tabbaoth, Keros, Sia, Padon, Lebana, Hagaba, Shalmai, Hanan, Giddel, Gahar, Reaiah, Rezin, Nekoda, Gazzam, Uzza, Paseah, Besai, Asnah, Meunim, Nephushesim, Bakbuk, Hakupha, Harhur, Bazlith, Mehida, Harsha, Barkos, Sisera, Temah, Neziah, Hatipha.

57-59 “Following is a list of the descendants of Solomon’s officials who returned to Judah: Sotai, Sophereth, Perida, Jaala, Darkon, Giddel, Shephatiah, Hattil, Pochereth-hazzebaim, Amon.

60 “In all, the Temple assistants and the descendants of Solomon’s officers numbered 392.”

61 Another group returned to Jerusalem at that time from the Persian cities of Tel-melah, Tel-harsha, Cherub, Addon, and Immer. But they had lost their genealogies and could not prove their Jewish ancestry; 62 these were the subclans of Delaiah, Tobiah, and Nekoda—a total of 642.

63 There were also several subclans of priests named after Hobaiah, Hakkoz, and Barzillai (he married one of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite and took her family name), 64-65 whose genealogies had been lost. So they were not allowed to continue as priests or even to receive the priests’ share of food from the sacrifices until the Urim and Thummim had been consulted to find out from God whether or not they actually were descendants of priests.

66 There was a total of 42,360 citizens who returned to Judah at that time; 67 also, 7,337 slaves and 245 choir members, both men and women. 68-69 They took with them 736 horses, 245 mules, 435 camels, and 6,720 donkeys.

70 Some of their leaders gave gifts for the work. The governor gave $5,000 in gold, 50 gold bowls, and 530 sets of clothing for the priests. 71 The other leaders gave a total of $100,000 in gold and $77,000 in silver; 72 and the common people gave $100,000 in gold, $70,000 in silver, and sixty-seven sets of clothing for the priests.

73 The priests, the Levites, the gatekeepers, the choir members, the Temple attendants, and the rest of the people now returned home to their own towns and villages throughout Judah. But during the month of September, they came back to Jerusalem.

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